Steven Moffat

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Steven Moffat
Steven Moffat by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Steven Moffat at Comic Con San Diego 2013
Born (1961-11-18) 18 November 1961 (age 52)[1]
Paisley, Scotland
Occupation Screenwriter and television producer.
Period 1988–present
Genres Comedy, drama, adventure, science fiction
Spouse(s) Sue Vertue[2]
Children Joshua and Louis[2]

Steven Moffat (/ˌstvən ˈmɒfət/, born 18 November 1961[1]) is a Scottish television writer and producer. Moffat's first television work was the teen drama series Press Gang. His first sitcom, Joking Apart, was inspired by the breakdown of his first marriage; conversely, his later sitcom Coupling was based upon the development of his relationship with television producer Sue Vertue. In between the two relationship-centred shows, he wrote Chalk, a sitcom set in a comprehensive school inspired by his own experience as an English teacher.

A lifelong fan of Doctor Who, Moffat has written several episodes of the revived version and succeeded Russell T Davies. He became lead writer and executive producer when production of its fifth series began in 2009.[3] He co-wrote The Adventures of Tintin for director Steven Spielberg, a project he left for his new senior role on Doctor Who. He co-created Sherlock, an adaptation of the Sherlock Holmes detective stories.

Many of the programmes upon which he has worked have won awards, including four BAFTAs and four Hugo Awards. In 2012, he was awarded the BAFTA Special Award.

Early life and Press Gang[edit]

Moffat was born in Paisley, Scotland, where he attended Camphill High School.[4] He studied at the University of Glasgow, where he was involved with the student television station, GUST (Glasgow University Student Television).[5] After gaining an MA degree in English from Glasgow, he worked as a teacher for three and a half years at Cowdenknowes High School, Greenock.[4] In the 1980s he wrote a play entitled War Zones (performed at the 1985 Glasgow Mayfest and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe[6]) and a musical called Knifer.[7] His father, Bill Moffat, was a head teacher at Thorn Primary School in Johnstone, Renfrewshire;[2] when the school was used for Harry Secombe's Highway in the late 1980s, he mentioned to the producers that he had an idea for a television series about a school newspaper. The producers asked for a sample script, to which Bill Moffat agreed on condition his son write it.[8][9] Producer Sandra Hastie said that it was "the best ever first script" that she had read.[10]

The resulting series was titled Press Gang, starring Julia Sawalha and Dexter Fletcher, and ran for five series on ITV between 1989 and 1993, with Moffat writing all forty-three episodes. The programme won a BAFTA award in its second series.[11]

During production of the second series of Press Gang, Moffat was experiencing an unhappy personal life as a result of the break-up of his first marriage. The producer was secretly phoning his friends at home to check on his state.[12] His wife's new lover was represented in the episode "The Big Finish?" by the character Brian Magboy (Simon Schatzberger), a name inspired by Brian: Maggie's boy. Moffat brought in the character so that all sorts of unfortunate things would happen to him, such as having a typewriter dropped on his foot.[13]

Joking Apart[edit]

Moffat records DVD commentary for Joking Apart (2006)

By 1990, Moffat had written two series of Press Gang, but the programme's high cost along with organisational changes at backers Central Independent Television cast its future in doubt.[13] As Moffat wondered what to do next and worried about his future employment, Bob Spiers, Press Gang's primary director, suggested that he meet with producer Andre Ptaszynski to discuss writing a sitcom.[14] Inspired by his experience working in education, Moffat's initial proposal was a programme similar to what would become Chalk, a sitcom set in a school that eventually aired in 1997.[15] During the pitch meeting at the Groucho Club, Ptaszynski realised that Moffat was talking passionately about his impending divorce and suggested that he write about that instead of a school sitcom.[15] Taking Ptaszynski's advice, Moffat's new idea was about "a sitcom writer whose wife leaves him".[16] Moffat wrote two series of Joking Apart, which was directed by Bob Spiers, and starred Robert Bathurst and Fiona Gillies. The show won the Bronze Rose of Montreux[14] and was entered for the Emmys.[17] In an interview with Richard Herring, Moffat says that "The sit-com actually lasted slightly longer than my marriage."[8] Fiona Gillies, who played the adulteress Becky, says that she was aware that some of her dialogue was based on what had been said to Moffat during his own separation.[16] Moffat recycled his own dialogue: when he had learned that his wife's lover was a fan of Press Gang, he replied, "Well, did he have to fuck my wife? Most people just write in!".[2][18] The line, with the expletive replaced by "shagged", was used in the first episode of Joking Apart.[19]

Speaking about the autobiographical elements of the show, the writer jokes that he has to remember that his wife didn't leave him for an estate agent; his wife was an estate agent.[20][21] Conversely, his later sitcom Coupling was based on his relationship with his second wife, TV producer Sue Vertue.[22] Moffat reused the surname "Taylor", which is Mark's surname in Joking Apart, for Jack Davenport's character Steve in Coupling.

He wrote three episodes of Murder Most Horrid, an anthology series of comedic tales starring Dawn French. The first ("Overkill", directed by Bob Spiers) was identified by the BBC as a "highlight" of the series.[23] His other two episodes were "Dying Live" (dir. Dewi Humphreys) and "Elvis, Jesus and Zack" (dir. Tony Dow).

Chalk and Coupling[edit]

Between marriages, Moffat claims that he "shagged [his] way round television studios like a mechanical digger."[2] According to an interview with The New York Times, Moffat met television producer Sue Vertue at the Edinburgh Television Festival in 1996.[24] Vertue had been working for Tiger Aspect, a production company run by Peter Bennett-Jones. Bennett-Jones and his friend and former colleague Andre Ptaszynski, who had worked with Moffat on Joking Apart, told Moffat and Vertue that each fancied the other. A relationship blossomed and they left their respective production companies to join Hartswood Films, run by Beryl Vertue, Sue's mother.[9] The couple have two children together: Joshua and Louis.[2]

Before Moffat left Pola Jones for Hartswood, Ptaszynski produced Chalk, the series that the writer had pitched to him at the beginning of the decade.[9] Set in a comprehensive school and starring David Bamber as manic deputy head Eric Slatt and Nicola Walker as Suzy Travis, the show was based on Moffat's three years as an English teacher.[8] The studio audience responded so positively to the first series when it was taped that the BBC commissioned a second series before the first had aired. However, it was met less enthusiastically by critics upon transmission in February 1997, who had taken exception to the BBC's publicity department comparing the show to the highly respected Fawlty Towers.[9] In an interview in the early 2000s, Moffat refuses to even name the series, joking that he might get attacked in the street.[25]

After production wrapped on Chalk in 1997, Moffat announced to the cast that he was marrying Vertue.[26] When she eventually asked him for a sitcom, he decided to base it around the evolution of their own relationship. Coupling was first broadcast on BBC2 in 2000, with his wife producing for Hartswood Films. The series proved to be highly successful, running until 2004 and producing four series and twenty-eight episodes, all written by Moffat. He also wrote the original, unbroadcast pilot episode for the U.S. version, also titled Coupling, although this was less successful and was cancelled after four episodes on the NBC network. Moffat has blamed its failure on an unprecedented level of network interference.[21]

Jekyll, Tintin, and Sherlock[edit]

He wrote the Hartswood Films drama series Jekyll, a modern version of The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, which aired on BBC One in June and July 2007.[27] In an interview with The Age, James Nesbitt, who played the eponymous character, called Moffat "an eccentric, shy fellow", while commending his writing as "inventive and dark and funny".[28]

In June 2007 Moffat told The Stage that he was working on a new sitcom. Provisionally titled Adam and Eve, it concerned a boss and his personal assistant, who are long-term friends but never get together.[29] In October 2007 it was reported that Moffat would be scripting a trilogy of The Adventures of Tintin films for directors Steven Spielberg and Peter Jackson.[30] According to The Times newspaper, Moffat had to be "love bombed" by Spielberg into accepting the offer to write the films, with the director promising to shield him from studio interference with his writing.[31] He had intended to complete work on the whole trilogy before resuming work on Doctor Who, but the intervening WGA strike meant he could submit a finished script for the first film only.[32] In July 2008, Moffat was quoted by the Daily Mail as saying: "I could not work on the second Tintin film and work on Doctor Who. So I chose Doctor Who."[33] Moffat says that Spielberg was "lovely" about his decision. The script was completed by Edgar Wright and Joe Cornish, with a part of Moffat's script used in the film.[34]

Moffat remains a writer for Hartswood Films even after his appointment as show-runner for Doctor Who. During their journeys from London to Cardiff for Doctor Who, Moffat and Mark Gatiss conceived a contemporary update of Sherlock Holmes, called Sherlock.[35] Benedict Cumberbatch was cast as Holmes, with Martin Freeman as Dr Watson.[36] A 60-minute pilot, written by Moffat, was filmed in January 2009.[35][37][38] The pilot was not broadcast, but three 90-minute episodes were commissioned. Moffat wrote the first of these, "A Study in Pink", which was broadcast on 25 July 2010 on BBC One and BBC HD.[39] A second series was broadcast in January 2012, for which Moffat wrote the episode "A Scandal in Belgravia", with a third following in January 2014.[34][40]

Doctor Who[edit]

Moffat has been a fan of Doctor Who since childhood.[41] In 1995, he contributed a segment to Paul Cornell's Virgin New Adventures novel Human Nature.[42] His first solo Doctor Who work was a short story, "Continuity Errors", published in the 1996 Virgin Books anthology Decalog 3: Consequences. In 1999 he scripted the parody Doctor Who and the Curse of Fatal Death, which aired as part of Comic Relief's Red Nose Day charity telethon. The co-producer for that year's Comic Relief telethon was Moffat's then-new wife, Sue Vertue.[43]

In 2004, Moffat was signed to write for the revival of Doctor Who. He became known, according to The Guardian, for writing "the clever, darker episodes" of the first four series of the show.[4] His contribution for the 2005 series was the two-part story "The Empty Child"/"The Doctor Dances". In the DVD audio commentary he says that he waited forty years to see his name appear on top of that theme music.[41] He wrote an episode for each of the two following series: "The Girl in the Fireplace" in the 2006 series and "Blink" in the 2007 series. Moffat won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form three years in a row for his contributions.[44][45][46] "The Girl in the Fireplace" and "Blink" were both nominated for Nebula Awards.[47] "Blink" also gained him the BAFTA Craft Award for Best Writer,[48] and a BAFTA Cymru Award for Best Screenwriter.[49] In the Doctor Who Magazine reader poll for the 2007 series, Moffat was voted as best writer and "Blink" as the best story. He also wrote the 2007 Children in Need "special scene" "Time Crash".[50]

He wrote a two-part story for series four in 2008, titled "Silence in the Library"/"Forest of the Dead", making Moffat and series executive producer Russell T Davies the only writers to have contributed scripts to the first four series of the revived show. In March 2008, Davies said that he often rewrote scripts from other writers, but didn't "touch a word" of Moffat's episodes.[21] Moffat's script for series four secured him his fourth consecutive Hugo Awards nomination, though it did not win.

The BBC announced in May 2008 that Moffat would be taking over from Russell T Davies as head writer and executive producer for the revived show's fifth series, to be broadcast in 2010,[3] although Davies had initiated discussions with Moffat regarding this as far back as July 2007.[51] Commenting on his appointment, Moffat said it was "the proper duty of every British subject to come to the aid of the TARDIS".[32] Production on Moffat's time in charge of the programme began in July 2009.[52] As executive producer and head writer, he was significantly involved in casting Matt Smith as the Eleventh Doctor. Smith first appeared as the Doctor at the end of Davies and David Tennant's final episode, the second part of The End of Time, in a short post-regeneration scene that Davies left for Moffat to write himself. Moffat wrote the scene in "about ten minutes" as "a bit of fun banter" for the new Doctor.[53]

In addition to his television episodes, Moffat has also contributed stories to Panini Publishing's Doctor Who Storybook series, penning the short stories "What I Did on My Christmas Holidays By Sally Sparrow" for the 2006 book (which later formed the basis of his TV episode "Blink"),[54] "Corner of the Eye" for the 2007 volume and "A Letter From the Doctor" which opens the 2009 Storybook.

Writing credits[edit]

Production Notes Broadcaster
Press Gang
  • 43 episodes (1989–1993)
ITV
Stay Lucky
  • "The Devil Wept in Leeds" (1990)
ITV
Joking Apart
  • 13 episodes (1991–1995)
BBC2
Murder Most Horrid
  • "Overkill" (1994)
  • "Dying Live" (1996)
  • "Elvis, Jesus and Zack" (1999)
BBC2
Chalk
  • 12 episodes (1997)
BBC1
Doctor Who and the Curse of Fatal Death BBC One
Coupling
  • 28 episodes (2000–2004)
BBC Two
BBC Three
Doctor Who

25 episodes (2005-2013):

BBC One
Jekyll
  • 6 episodes (2007)
BBC One
Sherlock BBC One
The Adventures of Tintin N/A

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Work Category Result Reference
1991 British Academy Television Awards Press Gang Best Children's Programme (Entertainment / Drama) Won [55]
Royal Television Society Awards Best Children's Programme Won [56][57]
1992 British Academy Television Awards Best Children's Programme Nominated [55]
1995 Bronze Rose of Montreux Joking Apart Comedy Won [57]
2003 British Comedy Awards Coupling Best TV Comedy Won [58][59]
2006 Hugo Award Doctor Who: "The Empty Child"/"The Doctor Dances" Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form Won [60][61]
Nebula Award Doctor Who: "The Girl in the Fireplace" Best Script Nominated [47]
2007 Hugo Award Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form Won [62]
Writers' Guild of Great Britain Award Doctor Who, Series Three Best Soap / Series (TV) (with Chris Chibnall, Paul Cornell, Russell T Davies, Helen Raynor and Gareth Roberts) Won [63]
Nebula Award Doctor Who: "Blink" Best Script Nominated [47]
2008 British Academy Television Award Best Writer Won [48]
Hugo Award Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form Won [64]
BAFTA Cymru Best Screenwriter Won [49]
BAFTA Scotland Doctor Who Writing in Film or Television Nominated [65]
2009 Hugo Award Doctor Who: "Silence in the Library"/"Forest of the Dead" Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form Nominated [66]
Writers' Guild of Great Britain Award Doctor Who, Series Four Television drama series (with Russell T Davies) Nominated [67]
2011 Hugo Award Doctor Who: "The Pandorica Opens"/"The Big Bang" Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form Won [68]
Doctor Who: "A Christmas Carol" Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form Nominated [69]
Primetime Emmy Award Sherlock A Study in Pink Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Dramatic Special Nominated [70]
Satellite Award The Adventures of Tintin (shared with Edgar Wright and Joe Cornish) Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated
2012 Annie Award Writing in a Feature Production Nominated [71]
Hugo Award Doctor Who: "A Good Man Goes To War" Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form Nominated [72]
British Academy Television Craft Awards Sherlock: "A Scandal in Belgravia" Best writing Won [73][74]
N/A Special award Won [75]
Primetime Emmy Award Sherlock: "A Scandal in Belgravia" Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Dramatic Special Nominated [76]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Moffat, Steven (4 March 2009). "Production Notes". Doctor Who Magazine (405): 11. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Lourie, Adrian (22 March 2010). "Interview: Steven Moffat, Doctor Who screenwriter". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Doctor Who guru Davies steps down". BBC News. 20 May 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c McLean, Gareth (22 March 2010). "Steven Moffat: The man with a monster of a job". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "Come & Join Your TV Station". Glasgow University Student Television. 26 August 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "STA Catalogue – Document Details". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Staff writer (5 January 1989). "Write first time". The Stage. p. 15. 
  8. ^ a b c Herring, Richard (1997). "Interview With Steven Moffat" (Reproduced on Richard Herring's website). The Guardian Guide. Retrieved 11 May 2007. 
  9. ^ a b c d After the Chalk Dust Settled, featurette on Chalk Series 1 DVD, ReplayDVD.co.uk, prod. & dir. Craig Robins
  10. ^ Paul Cornell (1993) "Press Gang" In: Cornell, Paul.; Martin Day, Keith Topping (1993). The Guinness Book of Classic British TV. Guinness. p. 215. ISBN 0-85112-543-3. 
  11. ^ McGown, Alistair. "Press Gang (1989–93)". BFI Screenonline. Retrieved 21 December 2006. 
  12. ^ Steven Moffat & Julia Sawalha, "Yesterday's News" Press Gang: Season 2 DVD audio commentary
  13. ^ a b Steven Moffat & Julia Sawalha, "The Big Finish?" Press Gang: Season 2 DVD audio commentary
  14. ^ a b Kibble-White, Graham (May 2006). "Fool if you think it's over". Off the Telly. Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. Retrieved 22 December 2006. 
  15. ^ a b Ptaszynski, Andre; Moffat, Steven, Joking Apart, Series 2, Episode 1 DVD audio commentary
  16. ^ a b Fool if You Think It's Over, featurette, Joking Apart, Series 1 DVD, Dir. Craig Robins
  17. ^ Jarvis, Shane (8 May 2006). "Farce that rose from the grave". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 March 2007. 
  18. ^ Moffat, Steven, Joking Apart Series 1 Episode 1, DVD audio commentary, ReplayDVD
  19. ^ wr. Steven Moffat, dir. Bob Spiers (1993-01-07). "Series 1, Episode 1". Joking Apart. Season 1. Episode 1. BBC 2.
  20. ^ Moffat, Steven, Joking Apart, Series 2, Episode 6 DVD audio commentary
  21. ^ a b c Dowell, Ben (20 May 2008). "Profile: Steven Moffat". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December 2008. 
  22. ^ "Coupling". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2008. 
  23. ^ "Murder Most Horrid". BBC Comedy. Retrieved 12 February 2008. 
  24. ^ Sternbergh, Adam (7 September 2003). "Selling Your Sex Life". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 April 2008. 
  25. ^ Coupling: Behind the Scenes, featurette (2002, prod./dir. Sarah Barnett & Christine Wilson) Couping Season 1 DVD (Region 1), BBC Video, ISBN 0-7907-7339-2
  26. ^ Chalk Series 1 DVD audio commentary, ReplayDVD
  27. ^ Dempsey, John (29 March 2006). "'Hyde' parks at BBC". Variety. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  28. ^ Idato, Michael (28 February 2008). "Finding love amid the horror". The Age (Australia). Retrieved 23 December 2008. 
  29. ^ "All about 'Eve'". Chortle. 12 June 2007. Retrieved 12 June 2007. 
  30. ^ Mayberry, Carly (3 October 2007). "British writer on Tintin case". Reuters. Retrieved 3 October 2007. 
  31. ^ Harlow, John (8 June 2008). "Police deployed against paparazzi". The Times (UK). Retrieved 12 June 2008. 
  32. ^ a b Staff writer (21 July 2008). "Dr Who writer denies Tintin row". BBC News Online. Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  33. ^ Graham, Caroline (19 July 2008). "£500,000 Mr Spielberg? Sorry, I've got a date with the Beeb, says the new Dr Who writer". Daily Mail (UK). Retrieved 20 July 2008. 
  34. ^ a b Jeffries, Stuart (20 January 2012). "'There is a clue everybody's missed': Sherlock writer Steven Moffat interviewed". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  35. ^ a b "BBC Drama announces Sherlock, a new crime drama for BBC One". bbc.co.uk. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008. 
  36. ^ Mitchison, Amanda (17 July 2010). "Benedict Cumberbatch on playing Sherlock Holmes". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  37. ^ Parker, Robin (23 August 2008). "Doctor Who's Moffat to pen modern Sherlock Holmes". Broadcast Now. Retrieved 23 August 2008. 
  38. ^ McMahon, Kate (14 July 2009). "BBC1 unveils new dramas". Broadcast. Retrieved 14 July 2009. 
  39. ^ Martin, Dan (23 July 2010). "Sherlock makes Sunday night TV sexy". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  40. ^ Jeffery, Morgan (19 May 2012). "Steven Moffat on 'Doctor Who', 'Sherlock' and his BAFTA Special Award". Digital Spy. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  41. ^ a b Steven Moffat, "The Empty Child", Doctor Who, DVD audio commentary
  42. ^ Cornell, Paul (1995). Human Nature. London: Virgin Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0426204433. 
  43. ^ ""Positive Comedy" Graham Kibble-White talks to Steven Moffat". Off the Telly. March 2001. Archived from the original on 15 April 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2007. 
  44. ^ "2006 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 7 May 2011. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  45. ^ "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 7 May 2011. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  46. ^ "2008 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 7 May 2011. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  47. ^ a b c Rowe, Josiah (21 January 2008). ""Blink" gets Nebula nod". Outpost Gallifrey. Outpost Gallifrey. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  48. ^ a b "TV Craft Winners Round-Up". BAFTA. 11 May 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2008. 
  49. ^ a b Wright, Laura (28 April 2008). "Thank you all for putting up with Dr Who". icWales. Retrieved 29 April 2008. 
  50. ^ "Who Needs Another Doctor?". BBC.co.uk. 21 October 2007. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2007. 
  51. ^ Russell T. Davies and Benjamin Cook, Doctor Who: The Writer's Tale (London: BBC Books, 2008), p. 188, reproducing the initial e-mail Davies sent Moffat addressing the issue.
  52. ^ "The time has come... filming has begun on Doctor Who". bbc.co.uk. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  53. ^ Wilkes, Neil (10 March 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: Moffat talks Smith's first 'Who' scene" (includes video clip). Digital Spy. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 
  54. ^ Moffat, Steven. "What I Did on My Christmas Holidays by Sally Sparrow". BBC. Retrieved 22 December 2008. 
  55. ^ a b "Search results: Steven Moffat". BAFTA. Retrieved 17 July 2008. 
  56. ^ "Press Gang". ITV. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2008. 
  57. ^ a b "Biography – Steven Moffat (writer)". bbc.co.uk. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 17 July 2008. 
  58. ^ "Past Winners – 2003". British Comedy Awards. Retrieved 17 July 2008. [dead link]
  59. ^ Catchpole, Charlie (15 December 2003). "LEADER; THE JOKES RUN DRY AT SOBER PRIZE NIGHT". The Express. p. 13. 
  60. ^ "Hugo and Campbell Awards Winners". Locus Online. 26 August 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2006. 
  61. ^ Lyon, Shaun (27 August 2006). "Doctor Who Wins Hugo". Outpost Gallifrey (Website). 
  62. ^ "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. 1 September 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2007. 
  63. ^ "Guild Award Winners". Writers' Guild of Great Britain. 19 October 2007. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2008. 
  64. ^ "2008 Hugo Nomination List". Denvention 3: The 66th World Science Fiction Convention. World Science Fiction Society. 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2008. 
  65. ^ "Nominations: BAFTA Scotland". BAFTA Scotland website. Retrieved 17 October 2008. 
  66. ^ Hinman, Michael (9 August 2009). "'Doctor Horrible,' 'Wall-e' Big Winners at Hugos". Airlock Alpha. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  67. ^ "Writers' Guild Awards 2009 shortlists announced". Writers' Guild of Great Britain. 30 October 2009. Archived from the original on 21 November 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2009. 
  68. ^ "The Hugo Awards: 2011 Hugo Award Winners". World Science Fiction Society. 20 August 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  69. ^ "The Hugo Awards". Renovation. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011. 
  70. ^ "Sherlock: A Study In Pink (Masterpiece)". Emmys.com. Retrieved 2011-11-11. 
  71. ^ "Alliamce of Women Film Journalists Awards 2011". Movie City News. 
  72. ^ "The 2012 Hugo Nominations have been announced!". Gawker Media. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  73. ^ https://twitter.com/#!/BAFTA/status/201750528856834052
  74. ^ "Sherlock writer wins Bafta honour". BBC News. 14 May 2012. 
  75. ^ Frost, Vicky; Plunkett, John (27 May 2012). "Bafta TV acting awards won by stars of ITV Fred West drama". The Guardian. 
  76. ^ Emmys – Outstanding Writing For A Miniseries, Movie Or A Dramatic Special 2012

External links[edit]