Stevie Ray Vaughan's musical instruments
This is a list and description of the guitars and other equipment played by musician Stevie Ray Vaughan. Vaughan played a number of Fender Stratocasters throughout his career, one of which, a 1963 body and a late 1962 rosewood (curved fingerboard) neck, became "the most famous battered Strat in rock history." He was notoriously hard on his guitars, and many of them required extensive periodic maintenance. He used a limited number of (mainly vintage) effect pedals, and favored Fender and Marshall amplification.
Vaughan was hard on his instruments and his equipment and was reported to hear even the slightest malfunction, even when, for instance, he was running 32 amplifiers into the mixing console for the recording of In Step. His guitars were serviced by Charley Wirz of Charley's Guitar Shop in Dallas, Texas, and especially Rene Martinez, who worked in Wirz's shop for a while. Martinez also built guitars for Carlos Santana. His amplifiers were tuned and serviced by César Díaz, also the guitar technician for Eric Clapton and Bob Dylan.
Number One (also known as Vaughan's 'First Wife') was a 62/63 Fender Stratocaster used by Vaughan for most of his career; it was "rebuilt more times than a custom Chevy." Vaughan always claimed it was a 1959 model, since that date was written on the back of the pick-ups; Rene Martinez, who maintained the guitar since 1980, saw the year 1963 stamped in the body and 1962 on the neck. The guitar was given to him by the owner of Ray Henning's Heart of Texas music shop in Austin, Texas in 1973, it was his main performing instrument and companion. Vaughan used the guitar on all five of his studio albums and on Family Style. The distinctive cigarette burn on the headstock comes from an incident when Vaughan had left a burning cigarette tucked under the sixth string for too long while playing.
"Number One" had a neck relief of .012" at the 7th and 9th frets, and leveled out through the remainder of the fingerboard. The fingerboard radius when new would have been 7.25 inches as were all pre CBS curved fingerboard Fenders but SRV's guitar ended up after many refrets and sanding of the fingerboard as 10" and used Dunlop 6100 fretwire. String height was measured to be 5/64" on the high E string and 7/64" on the low E string. Each string had 3 full winds for the best angle at the bone nut.
The original neck has a fairly thick D shaped profile. It was not as sometimes stated a "D" width nut (D width was 17⁄8 inch - the standard width was B which is 15⁄8 - SRV's guitar had a standard B width of nominally 15⁄8). The nut width letter was stamped on the end of the neck on Fender guitars from March 1962. It had a curved rosewood fingerboard and was refretted so often that, after a while, it could not be refretted anymore. Martinez replaced it with the neck from "Red" (see below), an event often said to foretell Vaughan's death. This neck was destroyed when a piece of stage rigging fell on it. After Vaughan's death, the original neck was reinstalled on Number One, and both are now in the possession of Jimmie Vaughan.
Fender signature model
Vaughan collaborated with Fender for an Artist Signature model, based on Number One; already in the works at the time of Vaughan's death, his brother Jimmie asked for the process to be sped up and the guitar became available in 1992. To achieve the sound Vaughan wanted, builder Larry Brooks put 600 windings on the pickups. Besides adding to the number of windings, the polarity of the middle pickup was reversed to eliminate hum. The signature Strat has an alder body with a maple neck and pau ferro fingerboard, and comes equipped with .010-.046 strings (lighter than Vaughan's); it was praised by Guitar Player for its neck and "juicy tone": "the SRV is one of the coolest Strats we've ever played."
Yellow was a 1959 Stratocaster formerly owned by Vanilla Fudge's lead guitarist, Vince Martell, who sold it to Charley Wirz. The body was hollowed out to make room for "a shitload of humbuckers," but Wirz fashioned a new pickguard in which he placed a single Fender Strat pickup in the neck position and painted the body yellow. Wirz gave the guitar to Vaughan in 1983 or 1984; it is the guitar with the letters "SRV" on the pickguard under the string.
This was supposedly the guitar played on the album versions of "Honey Bee" and "Tell Me". Yellow was stolen in 1985 at the Albany International Airport in New York, but was later recovered and is now on display in the Las Vegas Hard Rock Cafe.
In late 1983, Vaughan purchased a 1962 sunburst Fender Stratocaster from Charley's Guitar Shop, though he had it repainted by Fender in fiesta red as a custom color option, and simply named the guitar "Red." The guitar remained stock until 1986, when a left-handed neck was installed and "SRV" stickers were applied to the pickguard. In 1989, the neck on "Number One" was unable to withstand more re-fret jobs, replacing it with the original neck from "Red." The next year, following a concert at the Garden State Arts Center in Holmdel, New Jersey, a stanchion fell onto Vaughan's rack of guitars, splitting the neck from "Red" that was installed on "Number One." The neck was replaced the next night.
Main (also known as Hamiltone or the "Couldn't Stand the Weather" guitar) was a custom Fender Stratocaster-style guitar made for Vaughan by James Hamilton in Buffalo, NY. It was presented to Vaughan by James as a gift from Billy Gibbons on April 29, 1984.
This guitar features a two-piece maple body and a "neck-through body" design. It also originally had EMG preamped pickups, but Vaughan didn't like the pickups in it. His next music video was about to be made, which was "Couldn't Stand the Weather", and didn't want to get Number One wet during filming, so he used the Hamiltone for filming. The EMG pickups and Gibson style amber top hat knobs were changed in June 1984.
Its fingerboard is ebony with a mother-of-pearl inlay that read "Stevie Ray Vaughan". The guitar was originally set to be made for Stevie in 1979, but the plan was dropped when Vaughan started using his middle name "Ray", as he was known as "Stevie Vaughan" at the time.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2014)|
Scotch is a 1961 Fender Stratocaster used by Vaughan for the last 5 years of his life. He acquired this guitar in the fall of 1985, and it is said to have been bought in either Baltimore or "The Boathouse" in Norfolk, Virginia. It was to be a prize at one of Stevie's shows, but he bought the guitar instead and gave away another one of his guitars.
This guitar has a butterscotch colored finish with a non-original tiger-striped pickguard made by Rene Martinez, Vaughan's guitar tech. The tiger-striped pickguard resembled the same pickguard Buddy Guy had on his butter-colored guitar at the time.
"Scotch" was stock except for the tiger-striped pickguard where he added his famous "SRV" prismatic stickers.
Charley was a white custom-made "Stratocaster-style" guitar built by Charley Wirz, a friend of Vaughan's and owner of Charley's Guitar Shop in Dallas. Wirz built it in late 1983, and placed a neck plate on it engraved "To Stevie Ray Vaughan, more in '84". It had three Danelectro lipstick pickups. This guitar often was used during "Life Without You", which was itself said to be written as a tribute to Charley Wirz.
Lenny is a 1963 or 1964 Stratocaster, bought for Vaughan by his wife, Lenora, because he didn't have the money to buy it. Originally 3-tone sunburst with a rosewood neck, it was later stripped down to a dark natural finish and re-fitted with a mid-'50s-style maple neck reportedly given to him by Billy Gibbons. Behind the bridge, on the lower bout of the guitar body is a unique inlay, thought to be originally from an early 1900s mandolin. The Fender Custom Shop has produced a limited-edition run of Lenny replicas since December 12, 2007, and they are sold by the Guitar Center for $17,000. The guitar is mainly used for "Lenny". In 2004, Lenny was put up for auction and was sold to Guitar Center for $623,500.
Other guitar equipment
Vaughan was noted for playing extraordinarily thick strings, "as thick as barbed wire," "sometimes as extreme as a .018 through .074 set." He was not picky on string brand, but favored GHS Nickel Rockers of heavy gauge, partly for tone and partly because his fretting and strumming were so strong he often snapped strings while playing. He changed around gauges often, depending on the condition of his fingers, but always favored, from high to low, .013, .015, .019, .028, .038, .058. Sometimes he used a slightly lighter high E string (.012 or .011). He always tuned down one half step.
Vaughan used various amplifiers, mainly Fender and Marshall. He said of his choice that he had it backwards: "I use the Fenders for distortion and the Marshall for clarity." He often used two amplifiers simultaneously, one more distorted than the other.
The amplifiers he used on stage included:
- Two "Blackface" Fender Super Reverbs
- Marshall Club & Country combo amp with 2×12" JBL speakers
- Two 1964 "Blackface" Fender Vibroverb amplifiers (numbers five and six off production line), with one 15" speaker
From early on his career, beginning in 1979, Vaughan received technical assistance from César Díaz, who began by replacing and tweaking the output transformers on his amplifiers. Vaughan played so hard (especially on the low strings) and his heavy strings produced such "non-standard frequencies" that the amplifiers' vacuum tubes would occasionally spark and emit smoke, causing the need to buffer the input.
An oddity about Vaughan's usage was that he preferred the amplifier's dials to always have the same numbers ("Volume at 6, treble at 51⁄2, bass at 4"), and "in order to avoid problems, [Díaz] would back off the volume control by unscrewing the knob and turning it back a bit so it would appear to be at the same level as before."
On Texas Flood, Vaughan borrowed a Howard Dumble amplifier from Jackson Browne, and he later bought a 150-watt Dumble Steel String Singer. Besides Dumble, he also used Mesa Boogie amplifiers and a Groove Tubes pre-amp.
After he kicked his addictions, Vaughan became especially obsessed with the sound produced by his amplifiers. When In Step was being rehearsed, in New York City, Díaz brought 32 amplifiers, as well as 200-watt Marshall 4×15" bass cabinets. According to Díaz, "the whole studio was taken up with amps--upstairs, downstairs, every room was filled with amps. So he would hit these notes, and the whole place would rattle."
Vaughan typically used an Ibanez Tube Screamer (various kinds—the TS-808, TS9, and TS10) and a Leslie revolving speaker. Occasionally he used a Fender Vibratone (aka. Leslie 16/18. A Leslie speaker especially designed for guitar), and a Fuzz Face and Octavia. His standard wah pedal was a Vox, sometimes two simultaneously.
- Gregory pp. 124–25.
- Buchholz, Brad (28 January 1992). "You can own a guitar like Stevie Ray's". The Dallas Morning News.
- Rubin, Dave (March 1993). "Gear Guru: Cesar Diaz Reveals the Tech Secrets of Stevie Ray Vaughan, Eric Clapton & Bob Dylan". Guitar Player 27 (3): 109–37.
- "Stevie Ray Vaughan. Part 2: His Guitars". Ultime Guitar. 7 February 2005. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Wedel, Mark (18 March 2010). "Four Finger Five sounds like Led Zeppelin, Al Green 'fighting for the last woman on Earth'". Mlive. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Kitts pp. 102–110.
- Wheeler p. 219.
- Thompson, Art. "Bench Tests: Cool Blues Gear". Guitar Player 26 (8): 118.
- Kitts p. 110.
- Kitts, p. 121.
- Hamilton, Jim. "Hamiltone Guitars". Jim Hamilton. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "Stevie Ray's King Tone". Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Stevie Ray Vaughan’s "Lenny" Guitar: A Brief History". Rock Dose. 5 July 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Gress, Jesse (December 1993). "Rock Heart Blues Soul: The Essential Stevie Ray Vaughan Licks". Guitar Player 27 (12): 100 ff.
- "30 players who changed the way we sound". Guitar Player 31 (12): 60–95. December 1997.
- Hurwitz p. 44.
- "Stevie Ray - Gear". Retrieved 2010-09-02.
- Kitts p. 116-17.
- Chappell p. 127.
- Chappell, Jon (1999). The recording guitarist: a guide for home and studio. Hal Leonard. ISBN 978-0-7935-8704-9.
- Everitt, Rich (September 2004). Falling stars: air crashes that filled rock and roll heaven. Atlanta: Harbor House. ISBN 978-1-891799-04-4.
- Dickerson, James (September 25, 2004). The fabulous Vaughan Brothers: Jimmie and Stevie Ray. Lanham: Taylor Trade Publishing. ISBN 978-1-58979-116-9.
- Gill, Chris (August 18, 2010). "Stevie Ray Vaughan: Lone Star Rising". Guitar World (Future US).
- Govenar, Alan (2008). Texas blues: the rise of a contemporary sound. College Station: Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 978-1-58544-605-6.
- Gregory, Hugh (2003). Roadhouse blues: Stevie Ray Vaughan and Texas R&B. Hal Leonard. pp. 124–25. ISBN 978-0-87930-747-9.
- Hurwitz, Tobias (1999). Guitar Shop -- Getting Your Sound: Handy Guide. Alfred Music. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-88284-956-0. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Kitts, Jeff (1997). Guitar world presents Stevie Ray Vaughan: ... from the pages of Guitar World magazine. Hal Leonard. ISBN 978-0-7935-8080-4. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
- Wheeler, Tom (2004). The Stratocaster chronicles: Fender, celebrating 50 years of the Fender Strat. Hal Leonard. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-634-05678-9.