Hasselt

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Hasselt
Municipality of Belgium
Flag of Hasselt
Flag
Coat of arms of Hasselt
Coat of arms
Hasselt is located in Belgium
Hasselt
Hasselt
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°55′N 05°20′E / 50.917°N 5.333°E / 50.917; 5.333Coordinates: 50°55′N 05°20′E / 50.917°N 5.333°E / 50.917; 5.333
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Limburg
Arrondissement Hasselt
Government
 • Mayor Hilde Claes (SP.A)
 • Governing party/ies Pro Hasselt (SP.A, Groen!),
CD&V/N-VA, VLD
Area
 • Total 102.24 km2 (39.48 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 74,588
 • Density 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Postal codes 3500, 3501, 3510, 3511, 3512
Area codes 011
Website www.hasselt.be

Hasselt (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɑ.səɫt]) is a Belgian city and municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg. The Hasselt municipality includes the original city of Hasselt, plus the old communes of Sint-Lambrechts-Herk, Wimmertingen, Kermt, Spalbeek, Kuringen, Stokrooie, Stevoort and Runkst, as well as the hamlets and parishes of Kiewit, Godsheide and Rapertingen.

On 31 December 2007 Hasselt had a total population of 71,520 (34,951 men and 36,569 women). Both the Demer river and the Albert Canal run through the municipality. Hasselt is located in between the Campine region, north of the Demer river, and south to the Hesbaye region. It is also situated in the Meuse-Rhine Euroregion.

History[edit]

Hasselt on the Ferraris map (around 1775)
Map of the town in 1813.
Hasselt Market place
Hasselt City Hall
Albert Canal near Hasselt
Hasselt railway station. All the city's local zero-fare buses, as well as regional buses and trains depart from here.

Hasselt was founded in approximately the 7th century on the Helbeek, a tributary of the Demer river. The name Hasselt came from Hasaluth, which means hazel wood. During the Middle Ages, it became one of the big cities of the county of Loon, which had borders approximately the same as the current province of Limburg. Hasselt was first named in a document in 1165 and shortly thereafter received the much sought-after city charter. In 1232 this status was officially confirmed by Arnold IV, Count of Loon. Even though the city of Borgloon was the original official capital of Loon, Hasselt was to become the biggest city thanks to its favourable setting and to the proximity of the count’s castle and the Herkenrode Abbey in Kuringen. In 1366 the county of Loon became part of the Bishopric of Liège and remained so until the annexation by France in 1794.

During the First French Empire, after the French revolution, the city of Maastricht became the capital of the area called the French Department of the Lower Meuse. This comprised the whole original province of Limburg, including the present-day province of Limburg, since 1839 part of the Netherlands. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Belgium became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. During this time the historically incorrect name Limburg was adopted; out of vanity King William I misnamed the area after the old Duchy of Limburg, which had been centered in Limbourg on the Vesdre river, in the Liège province of Belgium, and had never encompassed Hasselt. When Belgium gained its independence from the Netherlands in 1830, and lost a big part of Limburg to that country nine years later in 1839 when the international community forced the Netherlands to recognize Belgium's independence, the name of Limburg remained and Loon wouldn't reappear. Hasselt became the provisional capital of the province of Limburg. In 1967, Limburg became an independent entity from the Diocese of Liège, and Hasselt became the seat of the Diocese of Hasselt.

Transport[edit]

Hasselt is at the junction of important traffic arteries from several directions. The most important motorways are the European route E313 (Antwerp-Liège) and the European route E314 (Brussels-Aachen). Hasselt itself is enclosed by 2 ring roads. The outer ring road serves to keep traffic out of the city center and main residential areas. The inner ring road, the "Green Boulevard", serves to keep traffic out of the commercial center, which is almost entirely a pedestrian area. There are also important traffic arteries to Tongeren, Sint-Truiden, Genk, and Diest.

The city lies within approximately an hour's drive from the airports of Brussels, Liège, Antwerp, Charleroi, Cologne-Bonn, and Düsseldorf. Within a two hour radius, the major hubs of Paris and Frankfurt, can be reached. Private aircraft can land in Hasselt itself, on the airfield of Kiewit.

The city has a major train station. High speed train stations are closest in Liège and Leuven.

Bus[edit]

Hasselt made Public transport by bus zero-fare from 1 July 1997 and bus use was said to be as much as "13 times higher" by 2006.[2] The transport network is mainly by bus.

All buses leave from the station. The city lines (called H-lijn) have been free for everyone including tourists since Tuesday 1 July 1997. Other bus lines are free for the inhabitants of Hasselt while traveling in the territory of Hasselt.

The local H-lijn buses on the city lines carry an H on their number on the electronic destination sign above the windshield.

The regional transport services, or so-called Red lines, are free for residents of Hasselt, who can travel without fare as long as they show their identity card to the driver of the bus. Red regional route bus stops are marked with signs indicating the beginning or end of the Hasselt bus network.

Non-residents of Hasselt pay the usual area tariff, except for children under 12 who have zero-fare travel. "Blue" regional lines incur a fare in the normal way.

In 2013, the subsidies were reduced, resulting in a 60 euro-cents fare per ride.[3]

History of zero-fare transport[edit]

The plan for a new, attractive bus network in Hasselt was influenced by transport minister Eddy Baldewijns, who created an integrated transport policy framework in the middle of 1996 in which public transport was allocated a primary role.[citation needed] The city of Hasselt was one of the first cities to subscribe to the plan. Mayor Steve Stevaert proposed to give absolute primacy on the city's Green Boulevard to public transport. The mobility policy in Hasselt developed into an example of cooperation between the bus line, the government and the city of Hasselt, under the motto "the city guarantees the right of mobility for everyone".[citation needed]

Following the introduction of the new zero-fare policy, the usage of public transport immediately increased by 800-900% and has remained high, being currently more than 10-fold compared to the time of the old policy .[4][5] The city's official website records[2] passenger growth as follows:

Passenger growth
Year Passengers Percentage
1996 360 000 100%
1997 1 498 088 428%
1998 2 837 975 810%
1999 2 840 924 811%
2000 3 178 548 908%
2001 3 706 638 1059%
2002 3 640 270 1040%
2003 3 895 886 1113%
2004 4 259 008 1217%
2005 4 257 408 1216%
2006 4 614 844 1319%

A Belgian website describes Hasselt identity cards as becoming "like gold in value", because of free bus travel.[6]

In 2013, Hasselt cancelled free public transportation due to financial reasons. The operator increased its claim towards the city, which the city could not pay. Now persons under the age of 19 travel for free. [7]

Rail[edit]

Hasselt railway station is near the city center, outside the Binnenring. The station is an IC station, which means there are several connections each day with important Belgian cities.

Light rail[edit]

In February 2007, a plan was launched for the construction of an international light rail connection between Hasselt and Maastricht (more details available). Agreements between the relevant governments were reached in June 2008 and December 2011. The line will reduce the current travel time of 61 minutes by bus to only 36 minutes. Construction is to begin in 2014, and the line is expected to go into service in 2017.[8]

The centre[edit]

The centre is mostly car-free and contains a number of historical buildings. Among the oldest buildings in the town centre are the St. Quentin's Cathedral (11th to 18th centuries) and the "Herkenrode Abbey refuge house" (1542). The Grand Place and the nearby streets are lined with restaurants brasseries, cafes and taverns.

The Demerstraat and the Koning Albertstraat are the most important shopping streets. In the Kapelstraat and the Hoogstraat are expensive shops with the most famous brands. Another major religious building, besides the cathedral, is the Virga Jesse Basilica. The churches must cede domination of the skyline of the city to the modern twin towers of the "TT-wijk", however. In 2003, the renovation of this complex, now including a shopping mall and a hotel, gave the centre a new boost. In 2004, Hasselt was the first city to receive the title "most sociable city of the region of Flanders", and has since claimed the title of "Capital City of Taste".

Monuments and public fields[edit]

  • The Abbey and Refugehuis of Herkenrode in Kuringen
  • The Airfield of Kiewit
  • The Japanese gardens, the largest in Europe
  • The National Bank of architect Henri Van Dievoet.
  • The St. Quentin's Cathedral
  • The Virga Jesse Basilica
  • National jenever museum

Famous inhabitants[edit]

Events[edit]

  • Many events take place in the Ethias Arena, the largest arena in Belgium.
  • Kiewit is the location of the yearly Pukkelpop (Pimplepop) festival, one of Europe's largest alternative music festivals with over a hundred concerts, at the end of August in the suburb of Kiewit. Rimpelrock (Wrinklerock), a festival with music for an older audience, is held at the same location, one week earlier.
  • The Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was held in Hasselt.
  • Like in most Belgian cities, there is an annual Kermesse, on a date associated with the local church's patron saint, in this case Saint Lambert, which takes place in September.[9]
  • The Virga Jesse festival, featuring a Procession of the historic wooden statue of infant Jesus with Mary, is celebrated every seven years, most recently in August 2010.[10]
  • Hasselt celebrates Carnival, but at a slightly different date than most places.[11]
  • The Grand Prix van Hasselt is a cyclo-cross race held in November which is part of the BPost Bank Trophy.

Twin and partner cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]