Stewart River

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Coordinates: 63°17′30″N 139°24′42″W / 63.29167°N 139.41167°W / 63.29167; -139.41167
Stewart River
River
Stewart River.jpg
The Stewart River seen from the Klondike Highway bridge
Name origin: Named by Robert Campbell for one of his friends in the Hudson's Bay Company
Country Canada
State Yukon
Tributaries
 - left Hess River
 - right Beaver River (Stewart River)
Cities Mayo, Stewart Crossing, Stewart River
Source Selwyn Mountains
Mouth Yukon River
 - coordinates 63°17′30″N 139°24′42″W / 63.29167°N 139.41167°W / 63.29167; -139.41167
Length 533 km (331 mi)
Basin 51,000 km2 (19,691 sq mi) [1]
Discharge
 - average 850 m3/s (30,017 cu ft/s) [1]
 - max 3,940 m3/s (139,140 cu ft/s)
 - min 52 m3/s (1,836 cu ft/s)

The Stewart River is a 533-kilometre (331 mi) tributary of Yukon River in the Yukon Territory of Canada.[2] It originates in the Selwyn Mountains, which stand on the border between the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory. From there, the Stewart flows west, past the village of Mayo. The river is crossed by the Klondike Highway at the village of Stewart Crossing, and the highway parallels the river westward for about 35 miles (56 km). After leaving the highway, the river travels southwest until it intersects the Yukon River 112 kilometres (70 mi) south of Dawson City. The mostly abandoned village of Stewart River is located at the mouth of the river.

The Stewart River was explored by Robert Campbell of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1850. He named the river after a close friend and assistant in the company, James Green Stewart. Stewart was instrumental in helping Campbell build and supply Fort Selkirk at the junction of the Pelly and Yukon rivers. [3] It lay undeveloped until the Klondike Gold Rush opened the area to prospecting and mining. Because the Stewart River was located away from the Klondike River and the best-known gold fields, it did not receive as much attention from big mining companies. Individual miners and smaller companies explored gold prospects along the river, and in 1914, a large silver lode was found on a tributary of the Stewart. This spurred mining, and in 1918, an even bigger silver source was found at the present-day site of Keno City.[4]

Mining operations increased and, by 1923, the value of silver mined from the Stewart River area surpassed that of the gold taken from the Klondike. Because the Stewart is shallower than the Yukon River, ordinary steamboats could not be used on the river. Special models had to be built, and these operated on the Stewart River until they were replaced by a road network after World War II. The S.S. Keno, a Stewart River steamer, has been preserved as a Canadian historic monument in Dawson City.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Stewart River At The Mouth". R-ArcticNet. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  2. ^ Natural Resources Canada. "Stewart River", Geographic Names of Canada. Accessed May 13, 2009.
  3. ^ Webb, Melody. Yukon: The Last Frontier UBC Press, 1993. p. 39.
  4. ^ Parks Canada. "S.S. Klondike National Historic Site of Canada", Pc.gc.ca. November 28, 2008. Accessed May 13, 2009.
  5. ^ Parks Canada. "S.S. Keno National Historic Site of Canada", Pc.gc.ca. November 28, 2008. Accessed May 13, 2009.