Mannlicher M1888

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Repeating Rifle Model 1888
M1888.JPG
Mannlicher M1888 rifle, from the collections of the Swedish Army Museum.
Type Bolt-action rifle
Place of origin  Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 1888–1945
Used by See Users
Wars Philippine Revolution
1891 Chilean Civil War
Boxer Rebellion
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
Spanish Civil War
World War I
World War II (Volkssturm)
Production history
Designer Ferdinand von Mannlicher
Designed 1887-1888
Manufacturer Steyr-Mannlicher, Fegyver És Gépgyár
Produced 1888-1896
Number built 1,095,000
Variants M1888-90, M1888-95, M1888/24[1]
Specifications (M88)
Weight 4.41 kg (9.7 lb)
Length 1,280 mm (50 in)
Barrel length 765 mm (30.1 in)

Cartridge M88 8×52mmR
M88-90 and M88-95: 8×50mmR
M88/24: 8×57 mm IS
Action Straight-pull bolt action
Muzzle velocity 615 metres per second (2,020 ft/s) with M1888 ball cartridge
Feed system 5-round en-bloc clip (stripper clip in M88/24), integral box magazine
Sights Iron sights

The Repeating Rifle Model 1888 better known as Mannlicher M1888 was a bolt-action rifle used by several armies from 1888 to 1945. Derived from the M1885 and later M1886 models, it was Ferdinand Mannlicher's third rifle that utilized the "enbloc clip".

History[edit]

An Austro-Hungarian soldier posing with his M1888 service rifle.

The M1888 was a direct and immediate descendant of the M1886 Austrian Mannlicher, this rifle too was a straight-pull, bolt action, box magazine repeater on the Mannlicher design. As early as the beginning of production of the M1886 the need and desirability for a small bore rifle was evident. This rifle is virtually identical to its predecessor but for chambering a newly designed 8mm cartridge, loaded originally with black powder and denominated 8×52R.

Mannlicher M1888 mechanism.

M1888-90[edit]

Shortly thereafter, the M88 cartridge was converted to semi-smokeless powder. The new cartridge was designated 8mm M.1890 scharfe Patrone and its dimensions were 8x50R. The sights of existing black powder 8mm Mannlicher rifles were converted to accommodate semi-smokeless ammunition by the functional arrangement of screw mounting re-graduated sideplates onto the outsides of the existing rear sight walls. The converted rifles were denominated M.88-90.

M1890[edit]

Not to be confused with Mannlicher M1890 Carbine.

When in 1890 semi-smokeless powder became available, manufacture of rifles with new sights began. Mannlicher M1888 type rifles built from and after 1890 had new sights and were denominated M.90. Altrough the fully smokeless powder filled 8mm M.93 scharfe Patrone 8x50mmR cartridge can be used in this rifle, the generated pressure at 40,000 psi is marginal, as the bolt system this rifle uses was originally designed to be shot with less potent black powder filled 11x58mmR ammunution.

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://gunbg.com/index.php?topic=6494.0
  2. ^ Robert W.D. Ball (2 August 2011). Mauser Military Rifles of the World. Gun Digest Books. p. 127. ISBN 1-4402-1544-8. 
  3. ^ Philip S. Jowett (2010). Chinese Warlord Armies, 1911-30. Osprey Publishing. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-1-84908-402-4. 
  4. ^ http://worldbayonets.com/Bayonet_Identification_Guide/Siam__Thailand_/siam_2.html
  5. ^ John Walter (25 March 2006). Rifles of the World. Krause Publications. pp. 263–271. ISBN 0-89689-241-7. Retrieved 8 September 2014.