Mannlicher M1888

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Repeating Rifle Model 1888
M1888.JPG
Mannlicher M1888 rifle, from the collections of the Swedish Army Museum.
Type Bolt-action rifle
Place of origin  Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 1888–1945
Used by See Users
Wars Philippine Revolution
1891 Chilean Civil War
Boxer Rebellion
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
Spanish Civil War
World War I
World War II (Volkssturm)
Production history
Designer Ferdinand von Mannlicher
Designed 1887-1888
Manufacturer Steyr-Mannlicher, Fegyver És Gépgyár
Produced 1888-1896
Number built 1,095,000
Variants M1888-90, M1888-95, M1888/24[1]
Specifications (M88)
Weight 4.41 kg (9.7 lb)
Length 1,280 mm (50 in)
Barrel length 765 mm (30.1 in)

Cartridge M88 8×52mmR
M88-90 and M88-95: 8×50mmR
M88/24: 8×57 mm IS
Action Straight-pull bolt action
Muzzle velocity 615 metres per second (2,020 ft/s) with M1888 ball cartridge
Feed system 5-round en-bloc clip (stripper clip in M88/24), integral box magazine
Sights Iron sights

The Repeating Rifle Model 1888 better known as Mannlicher M1888 was a bolt-action rifle used by several armies from 1888 to 1945. Derived from the M1885 and later M1886 models, it was Ferdinand Mannlicher's third rifle that utilized the "enbloc clip".

History[edit]

An Austro-Hungarian soldier posing with his M1888 service rifle.

The M1888 was a direct and immediate descendant of the M1886 Austrian Mannlicher, this rifle too was a straight-pull, bolt action, box magazine repeater on the Mannlicher design. As early as the beginning of production of the M1886 the need and desirability for a small bore rifle was evident. This rifle is virtually identical to its predecessor but for chambering a newly designed 8mm cartridge, loaded originally with black powder and denominated 8×52R.

Mannlicher M1888 mechanism.

M1888-90[edit]

Shortly thereafter, the M88 cartridge was converted to semi-smokeless powder. The new cartridge was designated 8mm M.1890 scharfe Patrone and its dimensions were 8x50R. The sights of existing black powder 8mm Mannlicher rifles were converted to accommodate semi-smokeless ammunition by the functional arrangement of screw mounting re-graduated sideplates onto the outsides of the existing rear sight walls. The converted rifles were denominated M.88-90.

M1890[edit]

Not to be confused with Mannlicher M1890 Carbine.

When in 1890 semi-smokeless powder became available, manufacture of rifles with a slightly longer chamber and new sights began. . Altrough the smokeless powder filled 8mm M.93 scharfe Patrone 8x50mmR cartridge can be used in this rifle, the generated pressure at 40,000 psi is marginal, as the wedge-lock bolt system this rifle uses was originally designed to be shot with less potent black powder filled 11x58mmR ammunution.

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://gunbg.com/index.php?topic=6494.0
  2. ^ Robert W.D. Ball (2 August 2011). Mauser Military Rifles of the World. Gun Digest Books. p. 127. ISBN 1-4402-1544-8. 
  3. ^ Philip S. Jowett (2010). Chinese Warlord Armies, 1911-30. Osprey Publishing. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-1-84908-402-4. 
  4. ^ http://worldbayonets.com/Bayonet_Identification_Guide/Siam__Thailand_/siam_2.html
  5. ^ John Walter (25 March 2006). Rifles of the World. Krause Publications. pp. 263–271. ISBN 0-89689-241-7. Retrieved 8 September 2014.