|Steyr Mannlicher M1888|
Model 1888 Mannlicher
|Type||Service rifle, Bolt-action rifle|
|Place of origin||Austria-Hungary|
|Used by||Austria-Hungary, Austria, Brazil, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Persia, Philippines, Poland, Thailand, Chile|
|Wars||Philippine Revolution, 1891 Chilean Civil War,
First Balkan War,
Second Balkan War,
World War I,
World War II(Volkssturm)
|Designer||Ferdinand von Mannlicher|
|Variants||M85, M86, M86/90, M88/90, M90, M88/95, M88/24|
|Cartridge||8x52R, 8×50mmR Mannlicher, 8x56mmR Steyr / Hungarian, 8x57 mm IS|
|Caliber||8 mm caliber|
|Feed system||5-round en-bloc clip (stripper clip in M88/24), internal box magazine|
The Steyr Mannlicher M1888 was a bolt-action rifle used by several European armies 1888–1945. Derived from the 1885 and later 1886 models, it was the first rifle that utilized the "enbloc clip".
The M1888 was a direct and immediate descendant of the M1886 Austrian Mannlicher, this rifle too was a straight-pull, bolt action, box magazine repeater on the von Mannlicher design. As early as the beginning of production of the M1886 the need and desirability for a small bore rifle was evident. This rifle is virtually identical to its predecessor but for chambering a newly designed 8mm cartridge, loaded originally with black powder and denominated 8x50R.
Shortly thereafter, the M88 was converted to semi-smokeless as soon as such reliable propellant became available. The round was designated as the 8x52R Austrian Mannlicher cartridge. The "converted" rifles were denominated M.88-90.
Later, when full smokeless powder became available, the cartridge was returned to an 8x50R configuration and the rifles designated M.90. The sights of existing black powder 8mm Mannlicher rifles were converted to accommodate smokeless ammunition by the functional arrangement of screw mounting re-graduated sideplates onto the outsides of the existing rear sight walls. M1888 rifles built from and after 1890 had new sights and were denominated M.90 or are sometimes referred to as M1888-90. A sizeable number of M1886 11mm rifles were converted to 8mm by rebarreling and re-sighting. These were denominated M.86-90.
- "8 x 50 R Mannlicher - www.militaryrifles.com/Austria/88Mann.htm". militaryrifles.com. Retrieved November 22, 2013.