Steyr 120

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Steyr 120 Super, 125 Super, 220
MHV Steyr 120 Super 1935 01.jpg
Steyr 120 Super Sedan (1935)
Overview
Manufacturer Steyr-Puch
Production 1935–36 (120), 1936–37 (125), 1937–41 (220)
Assembly Steyr-Puch
Body and chassis
Body style Sedan, convertible, sports car
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine Straight-6 1,990 cc (120), 2,078 cc (125), 2,260 cc (220) cc
Transmission four-gear
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,830 mm (111.4 in)
Length 4,570 mm (179.9 in)
Width 1,550 mm (61.0 in) (120), 1,650 mm (65.0 in) (125 and 220)
Height 1,570 mm (61.8 in) (120), 1,600 mm (63.0 in) (125 and 220)
Curb weight 1100 kg (120), 1200 kg (125), 1250 kg (220)

The Steyr 120 Super, Steyr 125 Super and Steyr 220 were a series of medium-sized cars built by the Austrian firm Steyr-Puch from 1935 to 1941. The moderately streamlined body was designed by technical director Karl Jenschke (1899-1969) and was manufactured by Gläser-Karosserie GmbH in Dresden. The design had a close resemblance to the smaller Steyr 100.

Design[edit]

Steyr 120 Super Convertible (1935)

The 120 series cars were equipped with a six-cylinder in-line engine (as opposed to the four-cylinder Steyr 100) driving the rear wheels via a four-speed transmission. Front wheels had a transverse leaf spring suspension while the rear swing axle was mounted on quarter-elliptic leaf springs. On the four-door sedan model the rear doors were hinged at the back-end (known as suicide doors), allowing the B-pillar to be omitted. By 1936 a total of 1200 Steyr 120 Super had been produced.

The 1936 model changes included a wider axle track and a bigger engine even though the power remained at 50 hp (37 kW). The model was sold as Steyr 125 Super, mainly in Germany. It was offered until 1937 and only 200 units were made.

Steyr 220 Sedan (1937)

In 1937 the unaltered body was refitted with a still bigger engine and was named Steyr 220. The bore was increased to 73 mm (2.9 in), resulting in an output of 55 hp (41 kW) and a displacement of 2260 cc, or 2.3 litres. This popular model remained in production until 1941 with 5900 units built.

A Steyr 220, with the more powerful 2.3 litre engine was the car used in an escape from Auschwitz concentration camp on 20 June 1942. The car was owned by the camp commandant Rudolf Höss and was taken by the escapees (Kazimierz Piechowski, Stanisław Gustaw Jaster, Józef Lempart and Eugeniusz Bendera), who were dressed in SS uniforms and armed accordingly, and driven straight out of the main gates of the camp. The 4 escapers were never recaptured.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Oswald, Werner: Deutsche Autos 1920-1945, Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart, 10. Auflage (1996), ISBN 3-87943-519-7

External links[edit]