Stick style

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Not to be confused with "Stickley style", an alternate term for the American Craftsman designs of Gustav Stickley.
The 1874 Chicamacomico Life-Saving Station, Rodanthe, North Carolina. Note the prominent trussing and visual use of vertical beams.

The Stick style was a late-19th-century American architectural style. It served as the transition between the Carpenter Gothic style of the mid-19th century, and the Queen Anne style that it evolved into and superseded it by the 1890s.[1] It is named after its use of linear "stickwork" (overlay board strips) on the outside walls to mimic an exposed half-timbered frame.[2][3]

Characteristics[edit]

The Herman C. Timm House in New Holstein, Wisconsin has stickwork painted in a darker brown for contrast.

The style sought to bring a translation of the balloon framing that had risen in popularity during the middle of the century, by alluding to them through plain trim boards, soffits, aprons, and other decorative features. Stick-style architecture is recognizable by the relatively plain layout, often accented with trusses on the gables or decorative shingles.

The stickwork decoration is not structurally significant, being just narrow planks or thin projections applied over the wall's clapboards. The planks intersect perpendicularly (at right angles) and sometimes diagonally as well,[4] resembling the half-timbering of medieval – especially Tudor – homes.[5]

The style was commonly used in houses, train stations, life-saving stations, and other buildings from the era.

The Stick style did have several characteristics in common with the later Queen Anne style: interpenetrating roof planes with bold panelled brick chimneys, the wrap-around porch, spindle detailing, the "panelled" sectioning of blank wall, radiating spindle details at the gable peaks. Highly stylized and decorative versions of the Stick style are often referred to as Eastlake.

Stick-Eastlake[edit]

The William S. Clark House, a Stick-Eastlake "cottage" in Eureka, California.

Stick-Eastlake is a style term that uses details from the Eastlake Movement of decorative arts on Stick-style buildings. The style is named for Charles Eastlake. It is sometimes referred to as Victorian Stick, a variation of Stick and Eastlake styles. Stick-Eastlake enjoyed modest popularity in the late 19th century, but there are relatively few surviving examples of the style when compared to other more popular styles of Victorian architecture.

Examples[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McAlester, Virginia & Lee (1984). A Field Guide to American Houses. Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 254–261. ISBN 0-394-73969-8. 
  2. ^ Perissinotti, Frank (2002). "Diagram of a Stick-Eastlake house". Visual Communications - History of Architecture. 
  3. ^ Shrock, Joel (2004). The Gilded Age. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-313-32204-4. small wooden boards [...] that were often horizontal, diagonal, and vertical. [...] These decorative cross timbers were also called stickwork. 
  4. ^ Lanier, Gabrielle M. (1997). Everyday Architecture of the Mid-Atlantic: Looking at Buildings and Landscapes. JHU Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-8018-5325-8. 
  5. ^ Palmer, Allison Lee (2011-06-10). Historical Dictionary of Romantic Art and Architecture. Scarecrow Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-8108-7473-2. The stick-style home, popular from 1860 to 1890, was a wooden home with a gabled roof that featured diagonal wooden trusses in the gables much like the Tudor revival. 
  6. ^ "The Train Depot", Village of Altamont website

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Stick style architecture in the United States at Wikimedia Commons