Stigmata of St. Francis (Giotto)
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Italian Wikipedia. (August 2011)|
|Type||Tempera on panel|
|Dimensions||313 cm × 163 cm (123 in × 64 in)|
Giorgio Vasari mentions the work in a transept chapel of the church of San Francesco in Pisa. Despite having been disputed, the work is now generally recognized to be by Giotto, being also signed; it has been dated from shortly before or after the Stories of St. Francis in Assisi, around 1295-1300.
The work has a rectangular shape in the lower part, ending with a triangular cusp, and has a golden background above which is St. Francis receiving the stigmata during his prayer on Mount Alverno from a flying Christ who appears him as a seraphim. The latter's wounds emit light rays which strike Francis' body. The scene was innovative as it abandoned the Byzantine tradition of inexpressive, frontal figures; the background is a mix of newer and old elements, the latter including the very generic mountains and the lack of proportions in the landscape elements. The chapels in the mount show the attempt to draw them according to geometrical perspective. Francis' face is characterized by a strong use of chiaroscuro.
The predella shows three scenes from the saint's life, also generally attributed to Giotto, and are strongly tied to the frescoes in Assisi. The panel is signed OPUS IOCTI FLORENTINI ("Work by Giotto from Florence").
- Fossi, Gloria (2004). Uffizi. Florence: Giunti. p. 110.