Stile concitato

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Stile concitato (rather Genere concitato[1]) or "agitated style" is a Baroque style developed by Claudio Monteverdi with effects such as having rapid repeated notes and extended trills as symbols of bellicose agitation or anger.

Kate Van Orden points out a precedent in Clément Janequin's "La Guerre" (1528).

Agathe Sueur points out similarities and ambiguities between Monteverdi's genere concitato and stile concitato in rhetoric and poetry.[2]

Some examples of stile concitato can be found in the following works:

  • Claudio Monteverdi ((1567-1643)): Il Ritorno d'Ulisse in Patria
  • Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643): L'incoronazione di Poppea
  • Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643): Il Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda
  • Giacomo Carissimi (1605-1674): Jephte
  • Barbara Strozzi (1619-1677): Tradimento


  1. ^ Gerald Drebes: ‘‘Monteverdis „Kontrastprinzip“, die Vorrede zu seinem 8. Madrigalbuch und das „Genere concitato“.‘‘ In: ‘‘Musiktheorie‘‘, Jg. 6, 1991, S. 29-42, online: [1]
  2. ^ Agathe Sueur, Le Frein et l'Aiguillon. Eloquence musicale et nombre oratoire (XVIe-XVIIIe siècle), Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2014, « Lectures jésuites du genere concitato de Monteverdi ».