Stinson Voyager

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


Stinson Voyager
Stinson.hw75.g-afyo.arp.jpg
Model 105 in 2005
Role Light utility monoplane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Stinson Aircraft Company
First flight 1939
Primary user United States Army
Number built 277 (Model 105)
775 (Model 10)
Variants L-5 Sentinel
Stinson Model 108

The Stinson Voyager was a 1940s American light utility monoplane built by the Stinson Aircraft Company.[1]

Development[edit]

First developed as the Stinson Model 105 in 1939, it was a high-wing three-seat braced monoplane powered by either a 75 hp Continental A-75 or an 80 hp Continental A-80-6.[1] This was developed into the Model 10 powered by a Continental A-80 piston engine.[1] The Model 10 introduced a wider cabin as well as an improved standard for the interior and finish.[1] The Model 10 was followed by the Model 10A, powered by a Franklin 4AC-99 engine and the Model 10B with a Lycoming GO-145.[1]

Six Model 10As were evaluated by the United States Army as the YO-54. The successful testing led to an order for the slightly larger and heavier O-62, later designated the L-5 Sentinel.[1]

A number of Model 105s and Model 10As were impressed into Army service as the AT-19 (later L-9).[2]

After the Second World War the type was developed as the Model 108, the prototypes being converted Model 10As.[2]

Variants[edit]

Stinson HW-75 at Langley
Model 105
Production variant also known as the HW-75 with a Continental A-75 engine), or HW-80 with a Continental A-80 engine, 277 built.[2]
Model 10
Improved production variant with an 80 hp Continental A-80 engine, 260 built.[2]
Model 10A
Variant with a 90 hp Franklin 4AC-99 engine, 515 built (10A and 10B).[2]
Model 10B
Variant with a 75 hp Lycoming GO-145 engine, 515 built (10A and 10B).[2]
YO-54
United States Army designation for six Model 10s for evaluation.[3]
AT-19A
Original military designation for eight Model 105s impressed in 1942, later changed to L-9A.[4]
AT-19B
Original designation for 12 impressed Model 10A Yoyagers, later changed to L-9B.[4]
L-9A
Final designation for eight impressed Model 105 Voyagers, originally AT-19A.[4]
L-9B
Final designation for 12 impressed Model 10A Yoyagers, originally AT-19B.[4]

Operators[edit]

 Canada
 United States


Specifications (105)[edit]

Data from General Dynamics Aircraft and their Predecessors [5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: two passengers
  • Length: 22 ft 2 in (6.76 m)
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 0 in (10.36 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
  • Wing area: 155 sq ft (14.4 m2)
  • Airfoil: NACA 4412
  • Empty weight: 923 lb (419 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,580 lb (717 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental A-75-3 air-cooled flat-four, 75 hp (56 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 105 mph (169 km/h; 91 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 100 mph (87 kn; 161 km/h)
  • Range: 350 mi (304 nmi; 563 km)
  • Service ceiling: 10,500 ft (3,200 m)
  • Rate of climb: 430 ft/min (2.2 m/s)

See also[edit]

Related development
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f Orbis 1985, p. 2960.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Simpson 1991, pp. 317–318,
  3. ^ Andrade 1979, p. 139.
  4. ^ a b c d Andrade 1979, p. 130.
  5. ^ Wegg 1990, p. 139.
Bibliography
  • Andrade, John. U.S.Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909. Leicester, UK: Midland Counties Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-904597-22-9.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). London: Orbis Publishing, 1985.
  • Simpson, R.W. Airlife's General Aviation. Shrewsbory, Shrops, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1991. ISBN 1-85310-194-X.
  • Wegg, John. General Dynamic Aircraft and their Predecessors. London: Putnam, 1990. ISBN 0-85177-833-X.

External links[edit]