Stirchley, Shropshire

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Stirchley
Stirchley lies just south of the town of Telford, Shropshire which is in the West Midlands
Stirchley lies just south of the town of Telford, Shropshire which is in the West Midlands
Stirchley
 Stirchley shown within Shropshire
Population 10,555 [1]
OS grid reference SJ 7067106422
District Telford and Wrekin
Shire county Shropshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STIRCHLEY
Postcode district TF3
Dialling code 01952
Police West Mercia
Fire Shropshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Telford
The Wrekin
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire

Coordinates: 52°39′17″N 2°26′07″W / 52.65475°N 2.43519°W / 52.65475; -2.43519

Stirchley is a component settlement of the new town of Telford, in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. Stirchley lies just south-east of the town centre, and shares a parish council with neighbouring Brookside, which together have a population of 10,533 according to the 2001 census data[1] It is close to Dawley and Malinslee and located next to the southern side of Telford town park.[2] Although formerly a farming parish, it was incorporated into the Telford New Town in the 1970s. There are some important heritage sites in the parish, notably St James Church, Stirchley Hall, Stirchley Grange and the Stirchley Chimney, now a local landmark. A number of Stirchley's heritage sites are waypoints on the South Telford Heritage Trail. The former school was removed brick-by-brick and rebuilt at the nearby Blists Hill Victorian Town museum in 1993.

History[edit]

Growth of the settlement[edit]

Stirchley was a small community based on agriculture.[3] In 1612 the village was initially founded by the 3 farms and 5 cottages,[3] but as industry spread at the beginning of the 19th century, the population of the settlement grew to 333 in 1881,[4] where it peaked. The population declined steeply until the 1940s,[4] however not just the population, but the settlement has grown substantially since, particularly as the parish now includes Brookside,[5] which neighbours Stirchley meaning the headcount for the census[1] data is much larger. Until the 19th century, the parish only contained 4 main farmsteads and a small number of cottages nearby the church,[3] but this changed when the population increased and affected the settlement pattern. Due to the industry taking place in the surrounding area houses were converted into cottages for the workers in the collieries[3] and ironworks. Furthermore, after 1821 many more houses were being built including Clerks Row which was built in 1840[3] to house the ironwork's managers. The increasing size of the settlement led to a licensed ale house, named the Rose and Crown, and a village shop by the early 1840s.[6] John Marius Wilson,[7] Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870–72) wrote of how Stirchley was a Parish with a population of 310 and had a railway station. Also, 'the property was divided among a few[7] suggesting many people shared houses.

Post-1960s[edit]

In the 1960s the district of Dawley (before it changed in the early 1970s to the district of Telford[8] ), was developed by corporations. In the early 1970s most of the farmsteads in the South East of the district which included Stirchley were destroyed to make room for housing estates[3] for example, 500 private houses were built from 1972 creating the modern village of Stirchley that exists today. Also, on the former sites of two farms 948 dwellings were completed in the late 1970s, and nearby a new church, school and other facilities for recreation were constructed.[3] Stirchley was developed as the population was increasing and there was a demand for more housing, amenities and facilities such as the railway station in nearby Telford in 1986.[8]

One of the most common historical units of administration between the 11th to mid-19th century were called hundreds[9] (also known as wapentakes), and these were useful to reveal regional differences on a national scale over a large time period. Stirchley is part of South Bradford hundred in the district of Wellington.[10] The area of Stirchley was a Civil parish until 1966[11] when it was abolished. In May 1988, Stirchley and Brookside Parish Council was formed.[12] Currently there are thirteen active members in the Council which is based in the Sambrook Centre in Stirchley and they together, represent the two areas of Stirchley and Brookside.[12]

Boundary changes[edit]

The boundaries for Stirchley have changed very little over time.[13] The changes that have taken place have been minor along the Eastern side of the Parish. However, there are current proposals being made to reduce the number of parliamentary constituencies in England from 533 to 502,[14] and this will affect the local council or electoral division/ward boundaries of some places. Stirchley is not likely to be changed[14] but could be expanded slightly too compensate for the loss of a constituency.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Stirchley, including both males and females

The population of Stirchley has been inconsistent from when the census records began in 1801.[4] In general the population rose until 1851 where there were 302 people living in the Parish, but soon after it declined and by 1891 the population was reduced by as much as 42.1%.[4] From the beginning of the 20th century there were not any large scale demographic variations until the census in 1951 revealed 66 people died,[4] most likely from the first and second World Wars.[12] However, since Stirchley and Brookside combined as one Council Parish,[12] the most recent Census data in 2001[1] shows a much larger population and it is hard to define how much the population has increased just in the area of Stirchley.

Occupational structure[edit]

Occupational statistics of Males aged over 20 in Stirchley in 1831[15]

From data in 1831[16] the majority of males over 20 were involved in either agriculture or manufacturing and the minority in retail and handicrafts.[16] Most people in Stirchley had a social status of labourers, servants, or 'middling sorts' which are small farmers not employing labourers, however there were some employers and professionals.[15] From the 2001 Census, it can be seen that the majority of the population between 16–74 in Stirchley are economically active.[17] Many are employed in the Service industries which includes retail, transport, education and social work.[17]

Places of interest[edit]

St James church in Stirchley by James Holmes Smith c. 1850[18]

There is one main church in Stirchley, St.James', that is situated in a quiet location one mile away from Telford town centre. In the 12th century[19] the chancel, where the clergy and choir are seated, was built from local sandstone. Today the more recent additions from the 18th century can be seen such as the steeple which was made from red brick.[19]

Stirchley Hall farm is an Estate that has been bought by numerous people and the last person known to have ownership of the estate was Thomas Clowes.[3] The last person to buy the Estate was Dawley development corporation in 1964.[8]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Parish headcounts 2001". Neighbourhood statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Information on Telford Town Park". Telford and Wrekin Council. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "The growth of Stirchley". British History Online. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Historical statistics/ population". A vision of Britain through time. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Stirchley and Brookside Parish Council". Stirchley and Brookside Parish Council. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "A history of the county of Shropshire". British History Online. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Gazatteer for Stirchley". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c "The making of the new town". Dawley Heritage. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Mapping of Hundreds in GIS". The Cambridge Group for the history of population and social structure. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Shropshire townships". GENUKI. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Unit history of Stirchley". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c d "The Council". Stirchley and Brookside Parish Council. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Stirchley boundary changes". Vision of Britain Online. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "West Midlands boundary changes". Boundary commission for England. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "Social status, based on 1831 occupational statistics". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Occupation of Males over 20 in 1831". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Employment from the 2001 Census". Office for national statistics. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  18. ^ "Painting of St.James' Church". Wikicommons. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "In a quiet backwater close to Telford". The Churches conservation trust. Retrieved 14 March 2012.