Stirling, South Australia

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Stirling
South Australia
Stirling-Main-Street-2012.jpg
Main Street in autumn
Stirling is located in South Australia
Stirling
Stirling
Coordinates 35°00′0″S 138°43′0″E / 35.00000°S 138.71667°E / -35.00000; 138.71667Coordinates: 35°00′0″S 138°43′0″E / 35.00000°S 138.71667°E / -35.00000; 138.71667
Population 2,868 (2006)[1]
Established 1854
Postcode(s) 5152
LGA(s) Adelaide Hills Council
State electorate(s) Heysen
Federal Division(s) Mayo
Localities around Stirling:
Crafers Piccadilly Mount George
Crafers West Stirling Aldgate
Upper Sturt Heathfield Aldgate
Footnotes [2]
Note: Stirling North is a different town, in the Mid North of South Australia.

Stirling (sometimes called Stirling West) is a town in the Adelaide Hills approximately 16 km from the Adelaide city centre. The area in the east of Stirling Stirling East. It is administered by the Adelaide Hills Council. Its population is about 2500, though the town has largely merged with neighbouring townships such as Crafers and Aldgate. Other nearby towns are Heathfield and Bridgewater. Of those five, Stirling has by far the largest commercial strip, with the greatest number and widest variety of shops, the only police station, the only banks and the only ATMs.

History[edit]

Founded in 1888, Stirling grew rapidly as a result of the expansion of apple growing and market gardening to satisfy the demand of the expanding city of Adelaide, whose centre is only 15 kilometres from Stirling. It also developed as a residential address for Englishmen who could afford it, to escape Adelaide's hot summers. As a result many historic, grand mansions can be found in the area. Today, farming has declined as more of the region has been urbanised, with many Stirling residents commuting to Adelaide daily.

Many deciduous trees, particularly the maple, have been imported from Europe and North America. These trees flourish in Stirling's wet and mild to cool climate and are a popular tourist attraction in the autumn months (April-May), bringing rich and vibrant autumn leaf colour to the town. This activity is known as "leaf peeping". Some Australian cities are too warm (even in the autumn and winter months) to accommodate and produce maple trees, but some temperate regions along the eastern coast and towns at higher altitudes flourish in colour during autumn, rivalling those in North America, Europe and Japan.

Other tourist sites include the nearby Belair National Park and Cleland Conservation Park.

Climate[edit]

Main street during summer.
Looking down Druid Avenue through wet autumn weather
Stirling
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
36
 
 
24
11
 
 
37
 
 
24
11
 
 
43
 
 
21
10
 
 
81
 
 
17
8
 
 
143
 
 
14
6
 
 
183
 
 
12
5
 
 
161
 
 
11
4
 
 
156
 
 
12
4
 
 
98
 
 
15
6
 
 
77
 
 
18
7
 
 
51
 
 
20
9
 
 
43
 
 
21
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Owing to its location near Mount Lofty, Stirling is the wettest place in South Australia, receiving an average of 1200 millimetres (47 inches) of rain per year - more than twice the average of Adelaide.[3] Between May and August, the average monthly rainfall is as high as 155 millimetres (over 6 inches), and in June 1916, over 450 millimetres fell. Mean summer temperatures are about 5 °C (9 °F) lower than in Adelaide, which may explain why Stirling was recommended as a desirable residence for English migrants, whilst winters are distinctly fresh, with an average minimum of 4 °C (39 °F) and an average maximum of 11°C (52 °F).

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology stopped the collection of weather data at Stirling from the 1980s onward. Weather recording instruments were removed from the grounds of Australia Post's Stirling office following a commercial dispute between these two Australian government organisations.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Stirling is located in the state electorate of Heysen and in the federal Division of Mayo. The local council is the Adelaide Hills Council (formerly Stirling Council) in the Mt Lofty and Manoah wards.

Culture[edit]

A prominent landmark in Stirling is the historical Stirling Theatre, home to the Hills Musical Company, Stirling Players and Hills Youth Theatre. Stirling also has a strong affinity with books and has been referred to as South Australia's 'Book Village'. This relates to the close proximity of varied book venues Chapter Two Books, Matilda Bookshop, The Hut Book Shed and the Coventry Memorial Library.[citation needed]

Fire Service[edit]

The Stirling community is protected from fire, road crash and hazardous materials by the Stirling Country Fire Service Volunteers. In 2006, the Adelaide Hills Council stepped up efforts to relocate the station to Crafers, against the wants of the volunteers.[citation needed] The council proposed the move in order to sell the land currently inhabited by the CFS station on Avenue Road, to fund a new library. However, in mid-2006 the council elected to sell the land the fire station was on to SAFECOM (the government organisation that owns all Fire Service assets). The new library started construction anyway in early 2007, and it was completed the following year.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Stirling (Main Street) is very well serviced by public transport, with a 30min off-peak service to the city and nearby Mount Barker (routes 864 and 864F). During peak it is also service by routes 863F and T863. Route 863 operates nights and weekends only. For the east of Stirling, route 865 operates to and from the city and route 866 operates to Crafers. Route 820 also links Stirling to Carey Gully. For the West of Stirling (heading out towards Heathfield) routes 868 and 894H operate via Avenue Road and Longwood Road, at peak times only.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Stirling (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  2. ^ "Placename Details: Stirling". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 25 June 2010. SA0063238. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics, South Australian Office; South Australian Year Book; 1978 edition ISSN 0085-6428