Stirrup pants (or stirrup leggings) are a type close-fitting ladies' pant that tapers at the ankle, similar to leggings, except that the material extends to a band, or strap, that is worn under the arch of the foot to hold the pant leg in place. The band of material is often elasticized to prevent the material around the foot from tearing. Stirrup pants were originally sportswear for women, and remain sportswear for horse riding and skiing. However, they have come in and out of fashion during the 20th and early 21st centuries, peaking in popularity as street fashion during the 1980s.
Stirrup pants were first worn as breeches for horse riders. The purpose of the strap under the foot was to hold the pant legs in place in the boots of the rider. As ladies moved away from riding sidesaddle, they began wearing riding breeches in the 1920s in a similar style to those worn by men. By 1934, Jodhpurs as riding pants with foot straps were being advertised in the United States mail order catalogue for Sears. Horse riding breeches are still made with an elastic foot strap in some designs. Stirrup pants for skiing were introduced at the 1936 Winter Olympic Games in Germany.
Stirrup pants became a popular casual fashion for women in Europe and America from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s. In 1985, Linda Pender wrote in Cincinnati Magazine that stirrup pants were "being touted as the wardrobe basic of the year, and everybody is buying them". On the one hand, the style was promoted as being "easy to wear" and giving "most figures a long, lean line"; on the other hand, a salesclerk pointed out to Pender that the style was not flattering unless the wearer was "slim and fit". Leggings in general became fashionable streetwear during the 1980s, as did sweatshirts, leg warmers, and other items that originated in sports and dance studios.
- Blum, Stella (1986). Everyday Fashions of the Thirties As Pictured in Sears Catalogs. Dover Publications. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-486-25108-0.
- Hewitt, Valerie; Ann Kellogg; and Lynn Payne (2008). The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Clothing Through American History, 1900 to the Present: Volume 1, 1900-1949. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-313-33395-8.
- Pender, Linda (October 1985). "Cruel Pants: The unkindest cut of all". Cincinnati Magazine. p. 22.
- Condra, Jill. Ed. (2007). The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Clothing Through World History: Volume 3, 1801 to the Present. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-313-33665-2.
Men had stirrup pants first and was usurped by cross-dressing women ! Western heroes such as Roy Rogers & Gene Autry had designer Western ranch pants made by Nathan Turk, Nudie Cohn & Rodeo Ben with stirrups to keep their slender pants/ skinnies tucked into their cowboy boots from the 1930's. 18 th century British pants had stirrups on the outside of their shoes located on the sole next to the heel to keep their trouser legs from " riding -up ", hence, a sleek taut look.