Stocks Mill, Wittersham

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Stocks Mill, Wittersham
Stocks Mill.jpg
Origin
Grid reference TQ 912 272
Operator(s) Kent County Council
Year built 1781
Information
Purpose Corn milling
Type Post mill
Roundhouse storeys Single storey
Number of sails Four
Type of sails Spring sails
Windshaft Wood with a cast iron poll end
Winding Tailpole
Number of pairs of millstones Two pairs, arranged Head and Tail

Stocks Mill is a Grade II* listed[1][2] post mill in Wittersham on the Isle of Oxney, in Kent, England which has been preserved.

History[edit]

Probably built around 1781, it was named Stocks Mill after the village stocks that stood nearby. The mill may be older and may have been moved from Stone in Oxney, with the date 1781 carved into the main post denoting its re-erection.[3] The Mill House was at one time used as the parish Poorhouse.[4] The mill was last worked circa 1900, and was then preserved by Norman Forbes-Robertson, who owned the mill and Mill House.[5] The mill passed into the ownership of the artist Randolph H Sauter.[6] and then Sir Edward Parry. The mill was repaired in 1958, and in 1968 a new stock and pair of sails was fitted by the millwright Derek Ogden.[3] In 1980, the mill was acquired by Kent County Council and the Friends of Stocks Mill was set up to allow the mill to be opened to the public. The mill underwent a restoration programme starting in 2002 and partly funded by the National Lottery, which included two new sails amongst other work. Some of the milling machinery which had been removed over the years was recreated.[7] The mill was reopened to the public in 2004.[8]

Description[edit]

For a description of the machinery, see Mill machinery.

Stocks Mill is a post mill on a single storey roundhouse. It has four Spring sails mounted on a wooden windshaft with a [cast iron] poll end. This carries a 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m) diameter wooden Head Wheel with 120 cogs, and a 7 feet 9 inches (2.36 m) diameter Tail Wheel. The mill drove two pairs of millstones.[3]

Millers[edit]

  • Thomas Venus 1772 - 1786
  • Henry Munk 1786
  • Thomas Howards 1792
  • Turner 1825 - 1831
  • Richard Parton 1838
  • John Grampton 1841
  • William Grampton 1841
  • William Proctor 1851
  • John Spilstead 1851
  • Patric Cummins 1851 - 1861
  • George Weller 1856
  • Robert Parton
  • Peter Parton
  • G Burch
  • H S Hyland
  • S Birch
  • Thomas W Collard 1870
  • John Holdstock 1889 (owner, miller?)
  • Pilbeam 1892 (occupier, miller?)

References for above:-[3][5][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE STOCKS WINDMILL, STOCKS ROAD, WITTERSHAM, ASHFORD, KENT". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  2. ^ "Wittersham, Stocks Mill, Post mill, Cereal Milling". The Mills Archive Trust. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d West, Jenny (1973). The Windmills of Kent. London: Charles Skilton Ltd. pp. 86–90. ISBN 0284-98534-1. 
  4. ^ "Tenterden, Kent - Up to 1834". Workhouses.org. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  5. ^ a b Coles Finch, William (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. pp. 94, 304. 
  6. ^ "Stocks Windmill". Ashford Tourism. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  7. ^ "WITTERSHAM, STOCKS WINDMILL RESTORATION". The Mills Archive Trust. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  8. ^ "Stocks Windmill, Wittersham, Nr Tenterden, Kent - 13th March 2004". Roughwood. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  9. ^ "Directory of Kent Mill People". The Mills Archive Trust. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°0′48″N 0°43′33″E / 51.01333°N 0.72583°E / 51.01333; 0.72583