|— City —|
|Nickname(s): California's Sunrise Seaport, Mudville, Stocktown|
|Motto: "Stockton—All America City"|
|San Joaquin County and the state of California|
|Region||San Joaquin Valley|
|• Mayor||Anthony Silva|
|• City Council||Elbert Holman
|• City Manager||Bob Deis|
|• Senate||Cathleen Galgiani (D)|
|• Assembly||Joan Buchanan (D)
Susan Talamantes Eggman (D)
|• City||64.753 sq mi (167.708 km2)|
|• Land||61.670 sq mi (159.723 km2)|
|• Water||3.083 sq mi (7.985 km2) 4.76%|
|Elevation||13 ft (4 m)|
|• Rank||1st in San Joaquin County
13th in California
65th in the United States
|• Density||4,500/sq mi ( 1,700/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (PDT) (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1659872|
Stockton is a city in and the county seat of San Joaquin County, California, United States, and the fourth largest city in the state's Central Valley region. With a population of 291,707 at the 2010 census, Stockton ranks as the state's 13th largest city. It is the State's 17th largest city in terms of land mass at 64.75 sq. mi. The city is located in Northern California, south of the state capital Sacramento and north of Modesto.
Stockton is along Interstate 5, State Route 99 and State Route 4 amid the farmland of the California Central Valley. It is connected westward with San Francisco Bay by the San Joaquin River's 78-mile (126 km) channel, and is, with Sacramento, one of the state's two inland sea ports. In and around Stockton are thousands of miles of waterways and rivers that make up the California Delta.
The city hosts the annual Asparagus Festival and is the location of Haggin Museum, an art and history museum built in Victory Park in 1931. The museum displays 19th and 20th century works of art and houses local historical exhibits. For much of the later 19th century, starting with the Gold Rush, Stockton was one of the largest cities in the state, for a while the third largest city.
The city has recently been hindered by notoriously bad rankings and news headlines. In July 2012, Stockton became the largest city ever to file for protection under Chapter 9 of the US Bankruptcy code. Also in 2012, the city was ranked one of the most dangerous cities in America, coming in 10th place, and is the 2nd most dangerous in California (just behind Oakland). In 2013, Stockton was ranked as the 3rd most illiterate city in the U.S. with less than 17% of adults holding a college degree.
The Miwok Indians lived in the Central Valley among the delta's waterways, using them for food and transportation. The Yokut Indians also lived in the Northeast area of Stockton, along the Calaveras River up into the foothills following the South Fork of the river. The northern San Joaquin Valley was also the southern end of the Siskiyou Trail, a centuries-old footpath leading through the Sacramento Valley, over the Cascades, and onward to Oregon.
When Captain Charles Maria Weber, a German immigrant, decided to try his hand at gold mining in late 1848, he soon discovered that serving the needs of gold-seekers was a more profitable venture. As an alien, Weber could not secure a land grant directly, so he formed a partnership with William Gulnae. Born in New York, Gulnae had married a Mexican woman and sworn allegiance to Mexico, and he applied in Weber's place for a land grant of eleven square leagues on the east side of the San Joaquin River.
Weber acquired the Rancho Campo de los Franceses Mexican land grant, and founded Stockton in 1849. The area now known as Weber Point is the same spot where Captain Weber built the first permanent residence in the San Joaquin Valley.
During its early years, Stockton was known by several names, including "Tuleburg", "Fat City," and "Mudville". Captain Weber decided on "Stockton" in honor of Commodore Robert F. Stockton. Stockton was the first community in California to have a name not of Spanish or Native American origin.
The city was officially incorporated on July 23, 1850, by the County Court, and the first city election was held on July 31, 1850. In 1851, the City of Stockton received its charter from the State of California. Early settlers included gold seekers from Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, the Pacific Islands, Mexico and Canada. The historical population diversity is reflected in Stockton street names, architecture, numerous ethnic festivals, and in the faces and heritage of a majority of its citizens. In 1870, the Census Bureau reported Stockton's population as 87.6% white and 10.7% Asian.
Benjamin Holt settled in Stockton in 1883 and with his three brothers founded the Stockton Wheel Co., and later the Holt Manufacturing Company. On Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 24, 1904, Holt successfully tested the first workable track-laying machine plowing soggy San Joaquin Valley Delta farmland. Company photographer Charles Clements was reported to have observed that the tractor crawled like a caterpillar, and Holt seized on the metaphor. "Caterpillar it is. That’s the name for it!" 
British Major Ernest Swinton saw the potential of a track-laying tractor. He proposed that the Army should adapt the Holt tractor to build a power-driven, bullet-proof, tracked vehicle that could destroy enemy guns. While the Admiralty chose to use a British firm, Foster and Sons, whose managing director and designer was Sir William Tritton, the Holt tractor was credited by Swinton with helping to win the war. He traveled to Stockton and, in a public ceremony on April 22, 1918, relayed Britain's gratitude to the inventor. The Holt tractor became one of the most important military vehicles of all time. After the war, Holt built the gasoline-electric tank, an American tank.
The extensive network of waterways in and around Stockton were fished and navigated by Miwok Indians for centuries. During the California Gold Rush, the San Joaquin River was navigable by ocean-going vessels, making Stockton a natural inland seaport and point of supply and departure for prospective gold-miners. From the mid-19th century onward, Stockton became the region's transportation hub, dealing mainly with agricultural products. By 1931 the Stockton Electric Railroad Company operated forty streetcars over 28 miles of track.
The town's canning industry became the battleground of a labor dispute resulting in the Spinach Riot of 1937. In 1933, the port was modernized and the Stockton Deepwater Channel linking the city to San Francisco Bay was deepened and completed. This created commercial opportunities that fueled the city's growth and paved the way for the Rough and Ready Island naval base which placed Stockton in a strategic position during the Cold War.
In September 1996, the Base Realignment and Closure Commission announced the final closure of Stockton's Naval Reserve Center on Rough and Ready Island. The island's facilities had served as a major communications outpost for submarine activities in the Pacific during the Cold War. The site is slowly being redeveloped as commercial property.
Construction and public spending (1990s-2000s) 
Beginning in the late 1990s under the mayorship of Gary Podesto, Stockton has experienced some revitalization.
Newly built or renovated buildings include the Bob Hope Theater, Regal City Centre Cinemas and IMAX, San Joaquin RTD Downtown Transit Center, Lexington Plaza Waterfront Hotel, Hotel Stockton, Stockton Arena, San Joaquin County Administration Building, and the Stockton Ballpark.
The "sunken parking lot" in front of the Hotel Stockton was transformed in the late 1990s into a public space named "Dean DeCarli Waterfront Square." The area is designed to provide for many different settings including a sunken plaza, shade structure, numerous trees and planters, stadia seating, bench seating, viewing platforms, a weir at the west end, and a cascading waterfall at the east end. DeCarli Square is now a popular location hosting music, art and religious events, festivals, Farmers Markets and social gatherings.
A new Downtown Marina and adjacent Joan Darah Promenade were added along the South Shore of the Stockton Deep Water Channel during 2009. Various public art projects were also installed throughout the area (see Stockton's public art section).
Other projects under consideration by the city council or under consideration as of January, 2009 include South Shore housing, the revitalization of the Robert J. Cabral Train Station neighborhood, bridges across the Stockton Deep Water Channel, and a new San Joaquin County Court House.
Real estate crash and bankruptcy (2007-) 
Stockton was disproportionately affected by the collapse of the sub-prime lending market in 2007, and led the United States in foreclosures for that year, with one out of every thirty homes posted for foreclosure. From September 2006 to September 2007, the value of a median-priced house in Stockton declined by 44%.
The collapse in real estate valuations had a negative on-flow effect on the city's revenue base. In June 2012, Stockton declared bankruptcy. On April 2, 2013 Stockton filed for bankruptcy.
Geography and climate 
Stockton is located at 37°58' north, 121°18' west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 64.8 square miles (168 km2), of which 61.7 square miles (160 km2) is land and 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) (4.76%) is water. The city lies at the nadir of the San Joaquin Valley.
Stockton has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa), with hot, dry summers and mild winters. In an average year, about 80% of the 13.8 inches (351 mm) of precipitation falls from October through April. Located in the Central Valley, the temperatures range is much greater than in the nearby Bay Area. Tule fog blankets the area during some winter days. Stockton lies in the fertile heart of the California Mediterranean climate prairie delta, about equidistant from the Pacific Ocean and the Sierra Nevada.
At the airport, the highest recorded temperature was 115 °F (46 °C) on July 23, 2006, and the lowest was 16 °F (−9 °C) on Jan. 11, 1949. There are an average of 82 days annually with high temperatures of 90 °F (32.2 °C) or higher, and 18 of 100 °F (37.8 °C) or above; 19 days see low temperatures at or below freezing. The wettest year was 1983 with 26.65 inches (677 mm) and the lowest year was 1976 with 5.6 inches (140 mm).
The most rainfall in one month was 8.22 inches (209 mm) in February 1998 and the most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.01 inches (76 mm) on Jan. 21, 1967. There are an average of 55 days with measurable precipitation. Only light amounts of snow have been recorded; the most was 0.3 inches (7.6 mm) in February 1976.
|Climate data for Stockton, California (Stockton Metropolitan Airport), 1981–2010 normals|
|Average high °F (°C)||54.4
|Average low °F (°C)||38.4
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.74
|Avg. rainy days||9.5||9.2||8.9||5.0||2.7||1.0||0.2||0.2||1.1||3.3||6.8||9.0||56.9|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Stockton had a population of 291,707. The population density was 4,505.0 people per square mile (1,739.4/km²). The racial makeup of Stockton was 108,044 (37.0%) White, 35,548 (12.2%) African American, 3,086 (1.1%) Native American, 62,716 (21.5%) Asian, 1,822 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 60,332 (20.7%) from other races, and 20,159 (6.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 117,590 persons (40.3%). Non-Hispanic Whites were 22.9% of the population in 2010, down from 57.1% in 1980.
The Census reported that 285,973 people (98.0% of the population) lived in households, 3,896 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,838 (0.6%) were institutionalized.
There were 90,605 households, out of which 41,033 (45.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 41,481 (45.8%) were heterosexual married couples living together, 17,140 (18.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 7,157 (7.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 7,123 (7.9%) unmarried heterosexual partnerships, and 720 (0.8%) same-sex married or registered domestic partnerships. 19,484 households (21.5%) were made up of individuals and 7,185 (7.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.16. There were 65,778 families (72.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.69.
The population was spread out with 87,338 people (29.9%) under the age of 18, 34,126 people (11.7%) aged 18 to 24, 76,691 people (26.3%) aged 25 to 44, 64,300 people (22.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 29,252 people (10.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.8 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
There were 99,637 housing units at an average density of 1,538.7 per square mile (594.1/km²), of which 46,738 (51.6%) were owner-occupied, and 43,867 (48.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.4%. 146,235 people (50.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 139,738 people (47.9%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 243,771 people, 78,556 households, and 56,167 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,720.4/km² (4,455.7/mi²). There were 82,042 housing units at an average density of 579.0/km² (1,499.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.26% White, 50.25% African American, 1.12% Native American, 19.90% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 17.31% from other races, and 6.76% from two or more races. 32.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 78,556 households out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.59.
In the city the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,453, and the median income for a family was $40,434. Males had a median income of $35,181 versus $26,602 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,405. 23.9% of the population and 18.9% of families were below the poverty line. 32.8% of those under the age of 18 and 11.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Social Science Statistics 
In the February 2012 issue of Forbes, the magazine gave Stockton the distinction of being the eighth most miserable US city, largely as a result of the steep drop in home values and high unemployment.
According to the NICB (National Insurance Crime Bureau), Stockton ranked 7th in the United States in Auto Theft Rate per capita.
As of January 1, 2013, the current mayor of Stockton is Anthony Silva, who succeeded Ann Johnston.
The City Council consists of the following members as of January 1, 2013;
- Elbert Holman—District 1
- Katherine Miller—District 2
- Paul Canepa—District 3
- Moses Zapien—District 4
- Dyane Burgos—District 5
- Michael Tubbs—District 6
|City Manager||Bob Deis|
|Deputy City Managers||Laurie K. Montes|
|Administrative Director/CFO||Vanessa Burke|
|Director Community Development||Steve Chase|
|Director Human Resources||Teresia Haase|
|Director Municipal Utilities||Mel Lytle|
|Director Community Services/Library Services||Acting Director Laurie K. Montes|
|Director Public Works||Interim Director Gordon Mackay|
|Fire Chief||Jeff Piechura|
|Police Chief||Eric Jones|
|Director of Economic Development||Wendy Saunders|
Stockton is also part of San Joaquin County, for which the government of San Joaquin County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution and law as a general law county. The County government provides countywide services such as elections and voter registration, law enforcement, jails, vital records, property records, tax collection, public health, and social services. The County government is primarily composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors and other elected offices including the Sheriff, District Attorney, and Assessor, and numerous county departments and entities under the supervision of the County Administrator.
Public finances 
According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city reported a significant deficit with US$443.9 million in revenue and US$485.4 million in expenditures. The report cited US$1,903.5 million in total assets and US$679.9 million in total liabilities, with $203.5 million in cash and investments.
Former Fairfield, California City Manager Kevin O'Rouke was hired as Interim City Manager after the retirement of Palmer, until the Stockton City Council announced that former County of Sonoma Administrator Bob Deis as permanent replacement and will take over the position as of July 2010.
On June 28, 2012, Stockton filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy. "We are extremely disappointed that we have been unable to avoid bankruptcy," Mayor Ann Johnston said in a statement. "This is what we must do to get our fiscal house in order and protect the safety and welfare of our citizens." In Stockton as well as San Bernardino, which also filed for bankruptcy in June 2012, the California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS) is the largest debt holder. On April 1, 2013, a federal judge accepted the bankruptcy application.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2009)|
Historically an agricultural community, Stockton's economy has since diversified. These include telecommunications and manufacturing among others.
Stockton is centrally located relative to both San Francisco and Sacramento. Given its location, its proximity to the state and interstate freeway system, and relatively inexpensive land costs, several companies base their regional operations in Stockton.
Top employers 
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||San Joaquin County||5,938|
|2||Stockton Unified School District||4,000|
|3||St. Joseph’s Medical Center||2,230|
|5||California Division of Juvenile Justice||1,492|
|7||City of Stockton||1,425|
|9||North California Youth Center||1,000|
|10||University of the Pacific||966|
Real estate bubble 
Stockton was disproportionately affected by the collapse of the sub-prime lending market in 2007, and led the United States in foreclosures for that year, with one out of every thirty homes posted for foreclosure. From September 2006 to September 2007, the value of a median-priced house in Stockton declined by 44%.
Stockton's Weston Ranch neighborhood, a subdivision of modest tract homes built in the mid-1990s, had the worst foreclosure rate in the area according to ACORN, a national advocacy group for low and moderate-income families. Stockton found itself squarely at the center of the United States' speculative housing bubble in the 2000s. Real estate in Stockton more than tripled in value between 1998 and 2005, but when the bubble burst in 2007, the ensuing financial crisis made Stockton one of the hardest-hit cities in United States.
Stockton housing prices fell 39% in the 2008 fiscal year, and the city had the country's highest foreclosure rate (9.5%) as well. Because of the shrinking economy, Stockton also had an unemployment rate of 13.3% in 2008, one of the highest in the United States. Stockton was rated by Forbes in 2009 as America's fifth most dangerous city because of its crime rate. In 2010, mainly due to the aforementioned factors, Forbes named it one of the top three worst places to live.
Stockton is centrally located with access to an international deep-water port, national railroad system, and intrastate and interstate freeway system.
Due to its location at the "crossroads" of the Central Valley and a relatively extensive highway system, Stockton is easily accessible from virtually anywhere in California. Interstate 5 and State Route 99, California's major north-south thoroughfares, pass through the city limits. The east-west highway State Route 4 also passes through the city, providing access to the San Francisco Bay Area as well as the Sierra Nevada and its foothills. Stockton is the western terminus of State Route 26 and State Route 88, which extends to the Nevada border. In addition, Stockton is within an hour of Interstate 80, Interstate 205 and Interstate 580.
Stockton is served by San Joaquin Regional Transit District  Stockton is also connected to the rest of the nation through a network of railways. Amtrak and Altamont Commuter Express (ACE) both make stops in Stockton, with Amtrak providing passenger access to the rest of the nation. Union Pacific and BNSF Railway, the two largest railroad networks in North America both service Stockton and its port via connections with the Stockton Terminal and Eastern Railroad and Central California Traction Company, who provide local and interconnecting services between the various rail lines. Recently, BNSF Railway opened a much needed $150 million intermodal freight transport facility in southeast Stockton, which satisfies long-haul transportation needs.
Stockton is served by Stockton Metropolitan Airport, located on county land just south of city limits. The airport has been designated a Foreign Trade Zone and is mainly used by manufacturing and agricultural companies for shipping purposes. Since airline deregulation, passenger service has come and gone several times. Domestic service resumed on June 16, 2006 with service to Las Vegas by Allegiant Air. The days of service/number of flights were expanded a few months later due to demand. Air service to Phoenix began in September 2007, but this has since been discontinued.
Most recently, on July 1, 2010, Allegiant Air implemented non-stop service to and from Long Beach, California. With respect to international service, in 2006 Aeromexico had plans to provide flights to and from Guadalajara, Mexico, but the airport's plan to build a customs station at the airport was initially rejected by the customs service. However, the possibility of building this station is currently a continuing matter of negotiation between the airport and the customs service, and Aeromexico has indicated a continuing interest in eventually providing service. Ground transportation is available from Hertz, Enterprise, Yellow Cab and Aurora Limousine.
The Port of Stockton is a fully operating seaport approximately 75 nautical miles (86 mi; 139 km) east of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. Set on the San Joaquin River, the port operates a 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) transportation center with berthing space for 17 vessels up to 900ft in length. The Port of Stockton has 120 tenants and is served by BNSF & UP Railroads. The port also includes 1.1 million square feet (102,000 m²) of dockside transit sheds and shipside rail trackage and 7.7 million square feet (715,000 m²) of warehousing. Adjacent to the port is Rough and Ready Island, which served as a World War II-era naval supply base until it was decommissioned as a result of BRAC 1995.
Primary and secondary 
Stockton feeds into four public school districts, Stockton Unified School District, Lincoln Unified School District, Lodi Unified School District, and Manteca Unified School District. There are more than 40 private elementary and secondary schools, which include Saint Mary's High School. Stockton is also home to public charter school systems such as Aspire Public Schools, Stockton Collegiate and Venture Academy.
The University of the Pacific moved to Stockton in 1924 from San Jose. The university is the only private school in the United States with less than 10,000 students enrolled to offer eight different professional schools. It also offers a large number of degree programs relative to its student population. The mens basketball program (Pacific Tigers) have made it to the NCAA Tournament 9 times. The Tigers have played their home games at the Alex G. Spanos Center since 1982, prior to that playing at the Stockton Memorial Civic Auditorium since 1952. The Tigers have won their conference championship some eleven times. The campus has been used in the filming of a number of Hollywood films (see below), partly due to its aesthetic likeness to East Coast Ivy League universities.
Also located in Stockton are:
- National University (the second largest private university in the state);
- San Joaquin Delta College, features Distance Learning Education and Internet Classes. Additional sites are being set up to expand access to education in distant locations;
- California State University, Stanislaus established a Stockton campus on the grounds of the former Stockton State Hospital. The hospital was the first state mental institution in California;
- Humphreys College and School of Law (which has its main campus in Stockton and a branch campus in Modesto, California),
- Heald College;
- Kaplan College of Stockton;
- Christian Life College is a private four-year Bible college offering Associate and Bachelor of Arts degrees in Bible and Theology or Christian Music;
- MTI Business College;
Stockton has had a reputation for high crime rates relative to other cities in the region. As of 2012, the City of Stockton is the 10th most dangerous city in America, reporting 1,417 violent crimes per 100,000 persons, well above the national average, and 22 murders per 100,000 (above the average of 4.7).
However, the city has made efforts to reduce this rate, including improvements to public venues, using a "broken windows" strategy of linking city repairs to reduced rates, as modeled in Los Angeles.
According to the San Joaquin County district attorney, the city of Stockton has the "second most violent crime rate in the state," while San Joaquin County is the fifth-most dangerous metropolitan area in the United States, which could be due to Stockton's proximity to Interstate 5 in the center of California, making it "a hub for the drug cartel between Mexico, Seattle and Vancouver, British Columbia."
The Cleveland Elementary School shooting 
On January 17, 1989, the Stockton Police Department received a threat against Cleveland Elementary School from an unknown person. Later that day, Patrick Purdy, who was later determined to be mentally ill, opened fire on the school's playground with a semi-automatic rifle, killing five children, all Cambodian or Vietnamese refugees, and wounding 29 others, and a teacher, before taking his own life. The event received national news coverage and is sometimes referred to as the Cleveland School massacre.
Then-Mayor Barbara Fass' subsequent work on gun control received national attention and sparked nationwide efforts that sought to ban semi-automatic military-style rifles like the one used in the shooting.
Entertainment and culture 
Performing arts 
Music schools and orchestras 
The Stockton Symphony is the third-oldest professional orchestra in California (founded in 1926), after the San Francisco Symphony and the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The University of the Pacific is known for its music conservatory and for being the home of the Brubeck Institute, named after Dave Brubeck, a Pacific alumnus and jazz piano legend. The institute maintains an archive of Brubeck's work and offers a fellowship program for young musicians. The Brubeck Institute Jazz Quartet is composed of Pacific students and tours widely. San Joaquin Delta College has a growing jazz program and is home to several official and unofficial jazz bands composed of Delta and Pacific students and faculty. Christian Life College offers Associate and Bachelor of Arts degrees in Christian Music.
Stockton hosts several live music venues, including the Stockton Arena, which is home to several sports teams, and has hosted nationally known entertainers such as Gwen Stefani, Rob Zombie, Ozzy Osbourne, Josh Groban, Carrie Underwood and Bob Dylan. The annual Apollo Night talent show draws about 1,500 people to the Stockton Civic Memorial Auditorium (1925) to watch performances by aspiring Northern California musicians.
The Bob Hope Theatre, formerly known as the Fox California Theatre in downtown Stockton, built in 1930, is one of several movie palaces in the Central Valley. Bob Hope often came to Stockton to visit close friend and billionaire tycoon Alex Spanos, who donated much of the money to revitalize the theater after Hope's death. The University of the Pacific Faye Spanos Concert Hall often hosts public performances, as does the Stockton Memorial Civic Auditorium. The Warren Atherton Auditorium at the Delta Center for the Arts on the campus of the San Joaquin Delta College is a 1,456-seat theater with a 60-foot (18 m) proscenium and full grid system. The Stockton Empire Theater is an art deco movie theater that has been revitalized as a venue for live music.
Founded in 1951, the Stockton Civic Theatre offers an annual series of musicals, comedies and dramas. It maintains a 300-seat theater in the Venetian Bridges neighborhood. The company also hosts the annual Willie awards for the local performing arts.
Other performing arts organizations and venues include:
- Stockton Opera
- Pacific Theatre at the University of the Pacific
- Tillie Lewis Theatre at the Community Delta College
- KUDOS Children's Theatre
- Stockton School of Performing Arts
- Stockton Ballet School
- New Dance Company
- Jagged Lines of Imagination Academy
Musicians, bands, and producers with origins in Stockton 
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (March 2010)|
- The rock band Pavement was formed in Stockton's Morada exurb in 1989 by Stephen Malkmus and Scott Kannberg. Much of their early material was recorded in North Stockton at Gary Young's Louder Than You Think Studios, which later moved to Linden.
- Singer-songwriter Grant-Lee Phillips, later of the Los Angeles band Grant Lee Buffalo, grew up in Stockton. Phillips moved to Los Angeles in the 1980s with fellow Stocktonian Jeffrey Clark, where the two musicians formed the indie-rock band Shiva Burlesque. Phillips formed Grant Lee Buffalo from the ashes of Shiva Burlesque, then went solo.
- Singer/actor Chris Isaak was born in Stockton and grew up there, before forming his band Silvertone in San Francisco.
- Noted Canadian-born jazz composer/arranger/bandleader Gil Evans grew up in Stockton, where he led bands before moving to New York.
- Hipster poet, performer and Tuolumne County native Lord Buckley grew up in Stockton.
- Stockton-based producers Hallway Productionz have produced music for well-known artist, including Blackalicious, Ice Cube, Mindless Behavior, Ledisi and WC.
- R&B singers Bear and Erin Jennae appeared on the Billboard charts in 2006 and 2007, respectively.
- In 2006 Tim Sovinec, a Stockton youth pastor and guitarist for the Christian rock band everybodyduck, became the first local resident to perform at the Stockton Arena.
- In 2006 Latin Magic Band became the first local act to perform at both the arena and the 2,000-seat Bob Hope Theatre.
- Local rapper Okwerdz received an Australian Gold record in 2008 for his work with the Hilltop Hoods.
- Deftones bassist Chi Cheng is from Stockton.
- International performing and professional recording artist Savage Sun was born and lived in Stockton.
Museums, visual art, and galleries 
Stockton is home to several museums. The Haggin Museum features collections and exhibits related to local history and California history, and owns important works by late 19th and early 20th century artists. Notable among them is Albert Bierstadt, who was well known for interpreting the towering grandeur of Yosemite and much of California's magnificent Sierra Nevada mountains. The local Tidewater Art Gallery features the work of local artists. The Stockton Art League maintains the Elsie May Goodwin Gallery.
The University of the Pacific’s Reynolds Gallery and San Joaquin Delta College’s Horton Gallery feature contemporary work by students and local and nationally-known artists. The Children's Museum of Stockton is housed in a former warehouse on the Downtown waterfront, and features many interactive displays. The Filipino American National Historical Society has proposed the construction of the National Pinoy Museum in the Little Manila district. The museum would be dedicated to the history of Filipino-Americans. Stockton once had one of the largest population of Filipinos in the United States.
The Stockton Arts Commission, a division of city government, oversees a city endowment fund that provides grants to local artists and arts and cultural organizations. It sponsors the annual arts awards, a writing contest and the arts and crafts show at the Asparagus Festival. The commission also serves as an advocate and information clearinghouse for the arts and cultural community.
Stockton public art projects include:
- Kinetic sculptures on the South and North Shores of the Stockton Channel, Downtown (2008–2009); “Airbourne”—a 32-foot-high (9.8 m) kinetic sculpture, brushed stainless steel, at the North Point by Moto Ohtake, Santa Cruz; A group of five stainless steel and aluminum kinetic sculptures on the South Point by Mark White, Santa Fe, NM.
- Stainless steel and bronze images imbedded in the Downtown Stockton walkways (2004–2009)—designed and installed by Dan Snyder, Berkeley. Stockton’s first public/private public art partnership commissioned by Guaranty Bank, Weber Avenue, Hunter Street, San Joaquin Street, and Downtown Marina.
- Water creature elements incorporated in stair railings, bicycle racks, and light poles (2009)—designed by Wayne Chabre, Walla Walla, WA, Downtown Marina.
- Stockton Rising (2006)—a concrete with bronze sculpture by Scott Donahue between the Stockton Arena and the Lexington Plaza Hotel.
- Stockton Arena parking garage entryway feature (2005)—a collage by Napa artist Gordon Huether featuring 22,000 Mattell toy cars, Fremont Street.
- Ed Coy Garage Installation (2005)—medallions and a LED lit column by David Griggs on the Edward "Ed" Coy Garage, N. Hunter Street.
- Downtown's Maintenance Hole Covers (2004)—by local artist Molly Toberer. The covers depict 17 unique designs representing topics such as Work, Taste Grow, Invent and others. The designs carry unique aesthetic legacy of the American 1930’s style.
- Martin Luther King, Jr. Statue (2004)—a bronze statue by Rafael Arrieta-Eskarzaga on the east side of the MLK Square, El Dorado Street.
- Memorial to Mexican Braceros (2002)—bronze, cement and masonry sculpture by Rafael Arrieta-Eskarzaga, McLeods Park, Fremont Street.
- Fire Fighter Memorial (1998)—a bronze sculpture, McLeods Park, Fremont Street.
- Ethnic Diversity Sculpture (1989)—a sculpted concrete post by Eric Lee on the corner of San Joaquin Street and Weber Avenue.
- Confucius Monument—13 and a half foot high pagoda-like monument of red and green tile was a gift to the City of Stockton from the Chinese Community for the bi-centennial celebration.
- Murals depicting the city's history decorate the exteriors of many downtown buildings.
In addition to its history galleries, the Haggin Museum displays fine art of late 19th and early 20th century artists such as Jean Beraud, Albert Bierstadt, Rosa Bonheur, William Bouguereau, Paul Gauguin, Jean-Leon Gerome, Childe Hassam, George Inness, Daniel Ridgway Knight, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Jehan-Georges Vibert, and Jules Worms. It also hosts temporary touring exhibitions.
In 2005, the Downtown Stockton Alliance began sponsoring a monthly art walk during the summer. The event features local artists exhibiting their work at downtown businesses and galleries as well as in some otherwise vacant storefronts. Musicians also perform throughout downtown as part of the event.
Stockton, CA (SFD) is one of only sixty Class 1 Fire Departments in the United States, the highest rating attainable, from the Insurance Services Office, and has held this distinguished title since 1971.
With over 77,000 trees, the City of Stockton has been labeled Tree City USA some 30 times according to Arborday.org.
Stockton has over 275 restaurants ranging in variety reflective to the population demographics. A mix of American, African American, BBQ, Cambodian, Chinese, Filipino, Greek, Italian, Mexican and Vietnamese restaurants are abundant in the community reflecting the cities' diverse culture. Cantonese restaurant On Lock Sam still exists and dates back to 1895.
Stockton hosts several annual festivals celebrating the rich cultural heritage of the city. These include:
- San Joaquin Children's Film Festival
- San Joaquin International Film Festival (February)
- Chinese New Year's Parade and Festival (February/March)
- St. Patrick's Day and Shamrock Run (March)
- Great Stockton Asparagus Dine Out (April)
- Stockton Asparagus Festival (April)
- Brubeck Jazz Festival (April)
- Earth Day Festival (April)
- Cambodian New Year (April)
- Annual Nagar Kirtan, Sikh Parade (April)
- Boat Parade for the Opening of Yachting Season (April)
- Cinco de Mayo Parade and Festival (May)
- Jewish Food Fair (June)
- Juneteenth Day Celebration (June)
- Stockton Obon Bazaar (July)
- Colombian Independence Day Festival (July)
- Taste of San Joaquin and West Coast BBQ Championships
- Filipino Barrio Fiesta (August)
- Stockton Beer Week (August)
- Stockton Pride (August)
- The Record's Family Day at the Park (Sept)
- Stockton Restaurant Week (September)
- Black Family Day (September)
- San Joaquin County Coastal Cleanup Day (September)
- Greek Festival (September)
- Festa Italiana: Tutti In Piazza (September)
- Stocktoberfest, Beer and Brats Festival on the Waterfront (October)
- Hmong New Year (November)
- Stockton Festival of Lights and Boat Parade (December)
Television stations 
As part of the Sacramento-Stockton-Modesto television market, Stockton is primarily served by stations based in Sacramento, but may carry some San Francisco Bay area television stations' airwaves. These are listed below, with the city of license in bold:
- KCRA Channel 3 (NBC affiliate) Sacramento
- KCSO Channel 33 (Telemundo affiliate) Sacramento
- KMAX Channel 31 (The CW O&O) Sacramento
- KOVR Channel 13 (CBS O&O) Stockton
- KQCA Channel 58 (My Network TV affiliate) Sacramento
- KTFK-DT Channel 64 (TeleFutura affiliate) Stockton
- KTNC Channel 42 (Estrella TV affiliate) Concord
- KTXL Channel 40 (Fox affiliate) Sacramento
- KUVS Channel 19 (Univision affiliate) Modesto
- KVIE Channel 6 (PBS affiliate) Sacramento
- KXTV Channel 10 (ABC affiliate) Sacramento
- KSPX-TV Channel 29 (ION Media Networks affiliate) Sacramento
- KRON Channel 4 (My Network TV affiliate) San Francisco
- KQED Channel 9 (PBS affiliate) San Francisco
Radio broadcast stations 
FM stations 
- KJOY 99.3: Lite Rock
- KMIX 100.9: Regional Mexican
- KQOD 100.1: Rhythmic Oldies
- KSTN-FM 107.3: Christian
- KATM 103.3: Country
- KUOP 91.3: (Capital Public Radio NPR affiliate)News/Talk and Jazz
- KWIN 97.7: Urban Contemporary
- KHOP 95.1: Rhythmic Contemporary
- KYCC 90.1: Christian
- KLOVE 89.7: Christian
- KRXQ 98.5: Alternative Rock
- The Hawk 104.1: Classic Rock
- KQED-FM 88.5: (NPR affiliate)News/Talk
AM stations 
- KCVR 1570: Spanish Adult Hits
- KWG 1230: Catholic, switched formats to News/talk. One of California's oldest running AM radio stations.
- KWSX 1280: Rock and Roll simulcast of KMRQ 96.7 Manteca
The world's first radio disc jockey was Ray Newby, of Stockton, California. In 1909, at 16 years of age, Newby began regularly playing records on a small spark transmitter while a student at Herrold College of Engineering and Wireless, located in San Jose, California, under the authority of radio pioneer Charles "Doc" Herrold. Though it was really called Disco Jockey, it has been changed through the years to Disc Jockey but it can be referred as DISCO or DISC Jockey.
We used popular records at that time, mainly Caruso records, because they were very good and loud; we needed a boost… we started on an experimental basis and then, because this is novel, we stayed on schedule continually without leaving the air at any time from that time on except for a very short time during World War I, when the government required us to remove the antenna… Most of our programming was records, I'll admit, but of course we gave out news as we could obtain it… —Ray Newby, I've Got a Secret (1965)
Print media 
- Stan Lee named Stockton the birthplace of the Fantastic Four in 1986, after Joe Field successfully petitioned Marvel Comics to change it from the fictional "Central City."
Daily newspapers 
- The Record is a daily newspaper
Other newspapers and periodicals 
- Bilingual Weekly News publishes a Weekly newspaper, in both Spanish and English.
- Monthly Publications
- Caravan is a local community arts and events monthly tabloid.
- The Central Valley Business Journal is a monthly business tabloid.
- San Joaquin Magazine is a regional lifestyle magazine covering Stockton, Lodi, Tracy, and Manteca.
- The Downtowner is a free monthly guide to downtown Stockton's events, commerce, real estate, and other cultural and community happenings.
- Poets' Espresso Review is a periodical that has been based in Stockton, mostly distributed by mail, since summer of 2005.
- Artifact is a San Joaquin Delta College periodical based in Stockton since December 2006. Writing in all genres, photography and visual media by students, staff and faculty as well as community members are accepted.
Motion pictures 
A number of motion pictures have been filmed in Stockton. Over the years, filmmakers have used Stockton's waterways to stand in for the Mississippi delta, the surrounding farmland as the American plains and Midwest, and Pacific's campus as an Ivy League college. Some of the movies filmed in Stockton include:
- All the King's Men (1949)
- Always (1989)
- Ants in Your Pants (1998)
- Atlanta Child Murders (1985)
- The Big Country (1958)
- Big Stan (2007)
- Bird (1988)
- Blind Man Sees First
- Blood Alley (1955)
- Bound for Glory (1976)
- BroadCasting Sunshine: Am in the Am (2010)
- Cape Fear (1962)
- Coast to Coast (1980)
- Cool Hand Luke (1967)
- Coyote (1997)
- Day of Independence (2003)
- Dead Man on Campus (1998)
- Death Machines (1976)
- Dirty Mary Crazy Larry (1974).
- Dreamscape (1984)
- Fat City (1972), based on Leonard Gardner's acclaimed 1969 novel Fat City. It is set in Stockton in the late 1950s, and was filmed by director John Huston.
- Flubber (1997)
- Friendly Fire (1979)
- Funky Fresh
- Glory Days (1988)
- God's Little Acre (1958)
- High Time (1960)
- Hot Shots! Part Deux (1993)
- Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989)
- Inventing the Abbotts (1997)
- More American Graffiti (1979)
- Oklahoma Crude (1973)
- Porgy & Bess (1959)
- Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
- Rampage (1988)
- Return Fire/Jungle Wolf II (1988)
- R.P.M. (1970)
- The Sure Thing (1985)
- Valentino's Return (1989)
- The World's Greatest Athlete (1973)
Television shows 
- The 1960s Western TV series The Big Valley was set just outside Stockton.
- Sons of Anarchy (2008 – present), the hit FX T.V. show Sons of Anarchy is set in and outside of Stockton.
Stockton is home to several minor league franchises:
The Stockton Ports Baseball Team play their home games at Banner Island Ballpark, a 5,000 seat facility built for the team in downtown Stockton. The Ports played their home games at Billy Hebert Field from 1953-2004. The Ports have been a single A team in Stockton since 1946 in the California Minor Leagues. Stockton has minor league baseball dating back to 1886. The Ports have produced 244 Major League players including Gary Sheffield, Dan Plesac, Doug Jones, Pat Listach, and Stockton's own Dallas Braden among others. The Ports have eleven championships and are currently the A class team for the Oakland Athletics. The Ports had the best win-loss percentage in all Minor League Baseball in the 1980's.
A 10,000 seat arena, Stockton Arena, located in Downtown Stockton, opened in December 2005 and is the home of the Stockton Thunder professional hockey team (ECHL).
Stockton is home to the oldest NASCAR certified race track West of the Mississippi. The Stockton 99 Speedway opened in 1947 and is a quarter mile oval paved track with grandstands that can accommodate 5,000 spectators.
Stockton's designation for Little League Baseball is District 8, which has 12 leagues of teams within the city. Stockton also has several softball leagues including Stockton Girls Softball Association, and Port City Softball Leauge, each having several hundred members.
Rowing Regatta featuring Junior, Collegiate and Master Level Rowing & Sculling Competition is organized by the University of the Pacific annually on the Stockton's Deep Water Channel. Teams from throughout Northern California compete in this Olympic sport which is also the oldest collegiate sport in the United States.
Stockton hosts a wide variety of sports events every year: from resident hockey, baseball and soccer games through basketball at the University of the Pacific and at the Stockton Arena; golf championships at two 18-hole courses and a Par 3 Executive Course; rowing, sailing and fishing on the Delta and the Stockton Channel; martial arts and cage fighting. There are four public golf courses open year round, Van Buskirk, Swenson, and The Reserve at Spanos Park and Elkhorn Golf Course. Private courses include The Stockton Golf & Country Club, Oakmoore, and Brookside Golf & Country Club.
Stockton is one of a handful of cities that lays claim to being the inspiration for Casey at the Bat. The University of the Pacific was the summer home of the San Francisco 49ers Summer Training Camp from 1998 through 2002.
Stockton also is the base of UFC fighters Nick and Nate Diaz, Nick being one of the top welterweights in the UFC and the former WEC and Strikeforce Welterweight champion and Nate currently one of the top UFC lightweights. Both brothers are Brazilian Jiu Jitsu black belts under Cesar Gracie and operate a school in Stockton which teaches Brazilian Jiu Jitsu to children and youth.
Awards and recognition 
Stockton received an All-America City award from the National Civic League twice, in 1999 and 2004. 2004's award was based on a 60-member delegation's presentation titled "The Dream Lives On!", and featured three community-driven projects: Community Partnership for Families, Downtown Alliance, and the Peace Keeper Program. The 1999 award recognized the Apollo Night Talent and Performing Series, the conversion of the Stockton Developmental Center into an off-campus center for the California State University at Stanislaus, and the LEAP (Let Education Attack Pollution) program.
Sunset magazine named Stockton Best Tree City in the western United States in March 2002, and "Best of the West Food Fest" in March 2000. Stockton contains 49 city, state, and national historical landmarks, dating as far back as 1855.
In February 2009, and again in February 2011, Stockton was named "America's Most Miserable City" by Forbes, reflecting the city's issues with commuting times, violent crime rates, income tax levels, and unemployment rates. Stockton had placed second in this listing in 2008.
Notable people 
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012)|
- Ace Andres - guitarist, singer/songwriter
- Ricky Barnes - professional golfer
- Melvin Belli - lawyer
- Dallas Braden - Oakland Athletics pitcher
- Annie Cruz - pornographic actress
- Shannon Curtis - singer/song-writer and musician
- Nate Diaz - mixed martial artist
- Nick Diaz - mixed martial artist
- Leonard Gardner - writer and screenwriter
- Daniel Goleman - author, psychologist, and science journalist
- Wayne Hardin - football player and coach
- Von Hayes - professional baseball player
- Benjamin Holt - inventor and founder of Holt Manufacturing Company
- Dolores Huerta - labor leader and civil rights activist, co-founder of the United Farm Workers
- Dan Inosanto - martial arts instructor
- Chris Isaak - singer/song-writer, musician, and actor
- Maxine Hong Kingston - author
- Janet Leigh - actress
- Tillie Ehrlich Lewis - business woman, founder of Tillie Lewis Foods
- Mike Macfarlane - professional baseball player
- Stephen Malkmus - musician
- Doug Martin - NFL running back for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Dolores Moran - actress and model
- Mike Pereira - former NFL vice president of officiating, current rules analyst for Fox Sports
- Richard A. Pittman, a United States Marine who received the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions on July 24, 1966 during the Vietnam War
- Louis Rankin - NFL
- Jazz Raycole - actress and dancer
- Robert Six - former CEO of Continental Airlines
- Edwin Lewis Snyder - architect
- Alex Spanos - owner of the San Diego Chargers and billionaire tycoon
- Ed Sprague - professional baseball player
- Amos Alonzo Stagg - athlete and pioneer college coach
- Savage Sun - rapper
- Ross Thomas - actor, filmmaker, philanthropist and adventurer
- Kara Walker - artist
- Jim Winn - former MLB player
Sister cities 
|Country||City||Year of Partnership|
|Japan||Shizuoka||March 9, 1959|
|Philippines||Iloilo City||August 2, 1965|
|Mexico||Empalme||September 4, 1973|
|People's Republic of China||Foshan||April 11, 1988|
|Italy||Parma||January 13, 1998|
|Cambodia||Battambang||October 19, 2004|
|Nigeria||Asaba||June 6, 2006|
See also 
- "AAC Winners by State and City". National Civic League. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- "U.S. Census". Retrieved 2013-02-16.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "UPDATE 1-Stockton bankruptcy talks may soon be made public | Reuters". In.reuters.com. 2012-07-07. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
- Rogers, Abby (2012-11-01). "The 25 Most Dangerous Cities in America - Yahoo! Finance". Finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
- "Captain Charles M. Weber Award". City of Stockton – Cultural Heritage Board. 2008-05-23. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- Tinkham, George Henry (1880). A history of Stockton from its organization up to the present time. W.M. Hinton & Co. p. 397.
- "Historical Sketch". City of Stockton. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "California - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau.
- Pernie, Gwenyth Laird (March 3, 2009). "Benjamin Holt (1849–1920): The Father of the Caterpillar tractor".
- Lea, Ralph (February 16, 2008). "Ben Holt pioneered tractors for farming, construction, war". Lodi News-Sentinel. Retrieved 2008-02-27.
- "Holt Caterpillar". Retrieved 2010-02-27.[dead link]
- "San Joaquin County Biographies: Benjamin Holt". California Genealogy & History Archives.
- "The Holt 15-ton Tractor". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- Demoro, Harre W. (1986). California's Electric Railways. Glendale, California: Interurban Press. p. 202. ISBN 0-916374-74-2.
- Christie, Les (August 14, 2007). "California cities fill top 10 foreclosure list". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- Christie, Les (December 2, 2008). "Home sellers suffer amid wave of foreclosures". Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
- "Stockton, California files for bankruptcy". Reuters. June 28, 2012.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-06.
- "STOCKTON WSO, CALIFORNIA (048558) Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary". Wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "Stockton (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Money.MSN.com 8/2012
- David Siders (2010-03-05). "Stockton area tops poll of nation's most obese regions". Recordnet.com. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
- "Stockton City Council". City of Stockton. 1989-01-01. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
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- "America's Most Dangerous Cities". Forbes (Forbes.com). 2009-04-23. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "Forbes Magazine Names Worst Places to Live in America". Fox News. March 24, 2010.
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- "Stockton Metropolitan Airport (SCK)". Sjgov.org. 2012-07-01. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
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- "Port of Stockton, California". Portofstockton.com. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "A Broad Selection of Courses". Retrieved 2010-02-26.
- Quinones, Sam (2006-06-25). "A Cutting-Edge City: Stockton?". Los Angeles Times (Articles.latimes.com). Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- Farrow, Ross (June 6, 2009). "San Joaquin County supervisors restore partial funding for 8 deputy district attorneys". Lodi News-Sentinal. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
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- Ian Hill (January 26, 2007). "Tokay High senior hits No. 10 on Billboard". The Record (San Joaquin Media Group, a division of Dow Jones Local Media Group). Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "Giant leap for local music". The Record (San Joaquin Media Group, a division of Dow Jones Local Media Group). May 23, 2006. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
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- All the King's Men (1949) at the Internet Movie Database
- The Big Country at the Internet Movie Database
- Big Stan at the Internet Movie Database
- Bird at the Internet Movie Database
- Blood Alley at the Internet Movie Database
- Bound for Glory at the Internet Movie Database
- "broadcastingsunshine.com". BroadCasting Sunshine. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- Coast to Coast at the Internet Movie Database
- Cool Hand Luke at the Internet Movie Database
- Coyote (1997) at the Internet Movie Database
- Day of Independence at the Internet Movie Database
- Dead Man on Campus at the Internet Movie Database
- Death Machines at the Internet Movie Database
- Dreamscape at the Internet Movie Database
- Fat City at the Internet Movie Database
- Flubber (1997) at the Internet Movie Database
- Friendly Fire at the Internet Movie Database
- Glory Days at the Internet Movie Database
- God's Little Acre at the Internet Movie Database
- High Time at the Internet Movie Database
- Hot Shots! Part Deux at the Internet Movie Database
- Inventing the Abbotts at the Internet Movie Database
- 0070472/ Oklahoma Crude at the Internet Movie Database
- Porgy & Bess (1959) at the Internet Movie Database
- Raiders of the Lost Ark at the Internet Movie Database
- 0095958/ Rampage at the Internet Movie Database
- Return Fire/Jungle Wolf II at the Internet Movie Database
- R.P.M. at the Internet Movie Database
- The Sure Thing at the Internet Movie Database
- Valentino's Return at the Internet Movie Database
- The World's Greatest Athlete at the Internet Movie Database
- milb.com Stockton Ports history
- Stockton99.com >history
- "Where the Mighty Casey Struck Out". Thediamondangle.com. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
- "City of Stockton, CA – All-America City". City of Stockton. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "City of Stockton, CA – All-America City 1999". City of Stockton. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- Best tree city Stockton, California
- Badenhausen, Kurt (June 2, 2009). "America's Most Miserable Cities". Forbes. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- Badenhousen, K. (February 2, 2011). America's Most Miserable Cities. Forbes. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- "Ricky Barnes". PGA Tour. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- "Dallas Braden Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- "Nate Diaz - Official UFC Fighter Profile". Ultimate Fighting Championship. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Nick Diaz MMA Stats, Pictures, News, Videos, Biography". Sherdog. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Chris Isaak Biography". Biography. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Jim Winn Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- "Sister Cities - City of Stockton, CA".
Further reading 
- Robinette, Allen M. (June 1908). "History of the Stockton Fire Department 1850–1908".
- Tinkham, George Henry (1880). A history of Stockton from its organization up to the present time. W.M. Hinton & Co.
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- City of Stockton
- Stockton, California at the Open Directory Project
- Stockton, California Official Visitor & Tourist Information
- Stockton-San Joaquin County Public Library
- Stockton Sister Cities Association
- SJCrime.com covers San Joaquin County crime.