Stockton, Utah

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Stockton, Utah
Town
Main Street in winter
Main Street in winter
Location in Tooele County and the state of Utah
Location in Tooele County and the state of Utah
Location of Utah in the United States
Location of Utah in the United States
Coordinates: 40°27′4″N 112°21′43″W / 40.45111°N 112.36194°W / 40.45111; -112.36194Coordinates: 40°27′4″N 112°21′43″W / 40.45111°N 112.36194°W / 40.45111; -112.36194
Country United States
State Utah
County Tooele
Settled 1863[1]
Incorporated 1901
Named for Stockton, California[2]
Government
 • Type Mayor/Council
 • Mayor Mark Whitney
Area
 • Total 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Land 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 5,118 ft (1,560 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 615
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 84071
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-73050[3]
GNIS feature ID 1432990[4]
Website www.stocktontown.org

Stockton is a town in Tooele County, Utah, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 616 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Stockton was born of the first mining boom in the Utah Territory. The mining industry began in the early 1860s with the arrival of Col. Patrick E. Connor,[5] commander of the Third California Volunteers, who had been sent to the territory[6] in 1862 to keep an eye on the overland mail routes during the Civil War. Connor wanted to counterbalance his perceived dominance of Mormon leaders in the area by exploring and developing the territory's mineral wealth. He posited that if precious metals could be discovered in Utah, the resulting flood of miners into the territory would overwhelm the Mormons, and outsiders would balance the Church's power. So he sent the men under his command out to prospect, and they almost singlehandedly opened the precious metals industry in Utah in 1863 by locating deposits, staking claims, and establishing mining districts.[7] Mines were dug on the western slopes of the Oquirrh Mountains, and Stockton became a base camp for some these operations.

The small town was first settled in 1863. Under the growing influence of the mining industry, the population swelled to 4,000 residents. It was the first town in the Utah Territories to have its streets surveyed and named, and it later gained the distinction of being the first to get electric lights, and the first to get a telephone.[8] A town cemetery (NW of the settlement) was created shortly into the twentieth century. Other amenities were slowly addressed, and they now include a ball diamond, a city park, a city hall, a fire station, a municipal water system, and a centralized wastewater collection/disposal system.

A sesquicentennial commemoration was held on 27 April 2013 to mark the town's founding. Part of the ceremony was the unveiling of a welcome sign, mounted on the north end town and visible from the main highway through the town's business district, SR-36.[9]

Government[edit]

The town is led by a Mayor and a Town Council. At the end of 2012, the following departments or personnel are also in existence:

  • Town Clerk (part-time employee)
  • Town Treasurer (part-time employee)
  • Third District Court Judge and Clerk (part-time employees)
  • Town Attorney (on retainer)
  • Planning and Zoning Committee (5 volunteer members)
  • Police Department (one full-time employee and 8 reserve volunteers)
  • Fire Department (all volunteers)
  • Public Works (one full-time employee)
    • Streets
    • Parks
    • Cemetery
    • Garbage

Stockton made headlines in 2009 after Mayor Dan Rydalch fired one of the town's five police officers for issuing his son a traffic citation.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 80
1880 515 543.8%
1890 326 −36.7%
1900 443 35.9%
1910 258 −41.8%
1920 238 −7.8%
1930 351 47.5%
1940 332 −5.4%
1950 414 24.7%
1960 362 −12.6%
1970 469 29.6%
1980 437 −6.8%
1990 426 −2.5%
2000 443 4.0%
2010 616 39.1%
Est. 2012 615 −0.2%

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 616 people, 216 households, and 173 families residing in the town. The population density was 596.7 people per square mile (256.7/km²). There were 237 housing units at an average density of 213.3 per square mile (98.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 0.6% Native American, 1.7% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.7% of the population.

There were 216 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.9% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.7% age 14 and younger, 11.2% from 15 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Total males were 52.4%.

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the town was $40,938, and the median income for a family was $45,179. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,894. About 7.2% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Town website (the town is gearing to celebrate the sesquicentennial of its settlement in January 2013)
  2. ^ The 3rd Regiment of California Volunteers, commanded by Col. Connor, had been organized in Stockton, California.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ The town's main street was named Connor Avenue in his honor. It is presently the route of Utah State Route 36, running north-south through the center of the small business district.
  6. ^ Connor's unit was posted to Camp Relief, near the present site of Stockton.
  7. ^ History To Go, utah.gov
  8. ^ Tooele Transcript-Bulletin, 150 Years of Stockton, Jewel Punzalan Allen, 25 April 2013, p. B1
  9. ^ Tooele Transcript-Bulletin, 30 April 2013, p. A3, Welcome Sign for Stockton
  10. ^ Jennifer Stagg (27 October 2009). Stockton officer defends actions in spite of suspension. Salt Lake City, Utah: KSL-TV. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 

External links[edit]