Stoke, Kent

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Coordinates: 51°27′N 0°39′E / 51.45°N 0.65°E / 51.45; 0.65

Stoke
Stoke is located in Kent
Stoke
Stoke
 Stoke shown within Kent
Population 1,063 
OS grid reference TQ831760
Civil parish Stoke
Unitary authority Medway
Ceremonial county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ROCHESTER
Postcode district ME3
Dialling code 01634
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Rochester and Strood
List of places
UK
England
Kent
Lower Stoke village shop

Stoke is a civil parish on the Hoo Peninsula in Kent, England, to the south of Allhallows, on the north of the Medway Estuary. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 1,063.

The two small villages of Lower Stoke and Stoke (sometimes referred to as Upper Stoke) stand on low lying fertile farmland that is at most 17m above highwater. The farmland descends to the Stoke Saltings – a maze of intricate channels and small islands beloved by wading birds. The church of Saints Peter and Paul is in Stoke; it was an appendage to the Manor of Great Hoo. The building contains some Norman and Early English work dating from 1175. It has no spire.[1]

In an Anglo-Saxon charter Stoke is referred to as "Andescohesham".[2] It was passed with other lands by Eadberht, son of King Wihtred of Kent to the See of Rochester for "the good of his soul and the remission of sins".[1] In Domesday Book it is called "Estoches" and "Stoches".[3]

Due to its low lying nature, Stoke has often suffered flooding, such as in 1158, 1235, 1309, 1682, and 1735 when ploughmen were swept from their fields as the sea broke through. Also, in 1791, 1854, 1874, and 1897, Stoke was cut off from the Isle of Grain for a week.[1]

In 1720 Manor Farm was leased to Jacob Sawbridge, one of the South Sea Bubble directors.[1]

In 1732 William Hogarth overnighted at the 'Nag's Head' in Lower Stoke. Due to the shortage of beds he had to share a bed.[1]

There was a large airship base nearby at Kingsnorth from which patrols covering the North Sea were launched during World War I. The site is now covered by Kingsnorth Power Station.

Future proposals[edit]

In November 2011, Lord Foster published proposals to improve the transport system of South East England. Under these proposals, called the Thames Hub, new high-speed rail lines would be built connecting Kent and Europe with North London, and the North East and North West of England. The scheme would also involve the remodelling of the Thames Estuary, by the construction of a four-runway airport on the Isle of Grain, partially on land reclaimed from the estuary but including land at Allhallows and Lower Stoke. This plan is controversial. [4][5] Residents highlight hazards caused the presence of the wreck of the SS Richard Montgomery with its 1400 tonnes of explosives, just off the Nore, and the natural gas terminals which import and temporarily store 20% of the UKs natural gas. In addition there are 300,000 birds that breed along the flight path. [4] Aviation specialists point to the difficulty in fitting another airport in this crowded airspace.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Brian Matthews, the History of Strood Rural District, 1971, Strood Rural District Council
  2. ^ "S 27". (2014). Electronic Sawyer. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  3. ^ Place name: Stoke, Little Stoke, Stone, Kent Folio: 5v Great Domesday Book. (not dated). The National Archives. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  4. ^ a b Medway Messenger, 4th Nov 2011, pp=5-7
  5. ^ Kent Online- Fosters proposals Accessed 6 Nov 2010