Stoke d'Abernon

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Stoke d'Abernon
St Mary's, Stoke d'Abernon - geograph.org.uk - 778479.jpg
St Mary's church dates to before the Norman Conquest and is a grade 1 listed building
Stoke d'Abernon is located in Surrey
Stoke d'Abernon
Stoke d'Abernon
 Stoke d'Abernon shown within Surrey
Area  3.59 km2 (1.39 sq mi)
Population 1,693 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  472/km2 (1,220/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ127589
District Elmbridge
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cobham
Postcode district KT11
Dialling code 01932
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Esher and Walton
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°19′05″N 0°23′02″W / 51.318°N 0.384°W / 51.318; -0.384

Stoke D'Abernon is a village in the borough of Elmbridge in Surrey, England. It is located on the River Mole, just south of the larger villages of Cobham and Oxshott, and just north of the M25 motorway.

Cobham Training Centre, the training ground of Chelsea F.C., is located in the village.

History[edit]

Artist's rejuvenation of work of life-size brass with enamel in the parish church

Stoke D'Abernon appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as the manor of Stoche (derived from the common Anglo-Saxon word stoc, implying a holy place). Its assets were: 2 hides; 2 virgates 5 acres (20,000 m2); 1 church, 2 mills worth 13s, 4 ploughs, 6 oxen, 4 acres (16,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 40 hogs. It rendered £5 per year to its feudal system overlords.[2]

During the reign of Edward the Confessor, the manor was held by his servant, Bricsi Cild.[3] Following the Norman conquest of England in 1066, William the Conqueror granted the manor to his kinsman, Richard fitz Gilbert, who also received the lordship of Clare.

The suffix "D'Abernon" comes from the surname of another Norman nobleman, Sir Roger D'Aubernoun, who was also granted land in Surrey in return for his services to William. At some point after 1086, the de Clare family granted the manor of Stoche to the D'Aubernoun family, who held it until the mid-14th century.[3] Two descendants of Sir Roger, Sir John D'Aubernoun the Elder (died 1277) and his son Sir John the Younger (died 1327) are buried in the village; monumental brasses of them are contained in St Mary's Church, with the one of Sir John the Elder believed to be the oldest in England.

Until the mid-19th century, Stoke D’Abernon lay in the hundred of Elmbridge, which gave its name to the modern-day borough. Today, the village forms part of the Oxshott & Stoke D'Abernon ward of the borough.

Amenities and landmarks[edit]

It has its own railway station, named Cobham & Stoke d'Abernon to attract the much greater trade and use of the large village of Cobham starting 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the north-west at the end of the 19th century.

In the east on the main road to Leatherhead is the Woodlands Park Hotel, the top of which is tile-hung in the Surrey style. A single storey bay (architecture) has a terracotta balustrade above and the building has a half-timbered gable end front bay. Built in 1890 it is a relatively modern listed building, designed by Rowland Plumbe.[4] The local pub-restaurant is The Old Plough which dates to the 16th century.[5]

The village has an active residents' association with a network of road representatives.[6] but as with neighbouring Cobham and Oxshott, unlike similar groups in the rest of Elmbridge it does not contest elections.[7]

The church, St Mary's, is Saxon with Norman and Victorian additions, and is famous for its monumental brasses, among them the oldest in the country. It is still active, and is Grade I listed.[8]

Sports[edit]

Since about 2006 the village has been home to the training ground of Premier League football club Chelsea.

Stoke D'Abernon Cricket Club was formed in 1870 and currently plays in the Surrey Championship.[9]

Education[edit]

Parkside Preparatory School is an independent prep school at the grade II* listed manor house[10] adjacent to the parish church of St. Mary and was founded in 1879.

Administration[edit]

The Surrey County Councillor is shared with Cobham

Notable people[edit]

William Marshal who was regent of England (1217-1219) and first 'Lord Marshall' spent his honeymoon here in the summer of 1189 with his new wife, Isabelle de Clare. His descendant the Earl Marshall is one of two peers not subject to an election, hereditary and entitled to sit in the House of Lords, while the hundreds of other hereditary peers compete for 90 places in the chamber at the death of any of the 90.

Yehudi Menuhin (whose full title was Baron Menuhin of Stoke d'Abernon in the County of Surrey) founded his music school to the south of the village.

The distinguished diplomat Edgar Vincent (1857–1941) lived within the parish in the early 20th century and was the first recipient of the D'Abernon Viscountcy and Barony. The title died with its first holder.

The England Test cricketer and captain, Bob Willis, grew up in the village and learnt to play at several local village clubs, including Stoke D'Abernon cricket club, before his professional career in the 1970s and 80s

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes Shared between households[1]
Stoke D'Abernon[n 1] 593 140 29 44 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Stoke D'Abernon 1,693 637 41.4% 37.5% 359

The proportion of households in the settlement who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Elmbridge 018C
References

External links[edit]