Stoke Poges

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Coordinates: 51°32′46″N 0°35′02″W / 51.546°N 0.584°W / 51.546; -0.584

Stoke Poges
Stoke Poges Church.JPG
St. Giles' parish church
Stoke Poges is located in Buckinghamshire
Stoke Poges
Stoke Poges
 Stoke Poges shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 4,752 [1]
OS grid reference SU9884
Civil parish Stoke Poges
District South Bucks
Shire county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Slough
Postcode district SL2
Dialling code 01753
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Beaconsfield
Website Stoke Poges Buckinghamshire
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Stoke Poges is an affluent village and civil parish in the South Buckinghamshire district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the south of the county, about three miles north of Slough and a mile east of Farnham Common.

Origin of the name[edit]

In the name Stoke Poges, stoke means "a stockaded place". In the Domesday Book of 1086, the village was recorded as Stoche. William Fitz-Ansculf, who held the manor in 1086 (in the grounds of which the Norman parish church was built), later became known as William Stoches or William of Stoke. Two hundred years after William, Amicia of Stoke, heiress to the manor, married Robert Pogeys, Knight of the Shire, and the village eventually became known as Stoke Poges. The spelling appearing as "Stoke Pocheys", if applicable to this village, may suggest the pronunciation of the second part to have a slightly more open "o" sound compared with the word "Stoke".[2]

Stoke Poges manor house[edit]

See also the article Stoke Park, Buckinghamshire.

A manor house at Stoke Poges was built before the Norman Conquest and was mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book. In 1555 the then-owner, Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, pulled down much of the existing fortified house. He replaced it with a large Tudor brick-built house, with numerous chimneys and gables. In 1599 it was acquired by Sir Edward Coke, who is said to have entertained Queen Elizabeth I there in 1601.

A few decades later, the lady of the manor, Lady Purbeck, had a love affair with Robert Howard, a Member of Parliament. The affair's discovery caused a national scandal, and in 1635 Lady Purbeck was imprisoned for adultery. She escaped from prison to France, but later returned to Stoke Poges, where she died in 1645.

King Charles I was imprisoned at the manor house in 1647 before his execution.

Later the manor came into the possession of Thomas Penn, a son of William Penn who founded Pennsylvania and was its first proprietor. Thomas Penn held three-fourths of the proprietorship. The manor property remained in his family for at least two generations, as his son John Penn "of Stoke" also lived there.

Thomas Gray's 1750 poem, "A Long Story," describes the house and its occupants.[3] Sir Edwin Henry Landseer was a frequent visitor to the house and rented it as a studio for some time. His most famous painting, The Monarch of the Glen (1851), is said to have been created at Stoke Poges, with the deer in the park used as models.

Education[edit]

Schools in the area include The Park Federation - James Elliman Academy, a primary school with children from to 3 to 11 years old.

St Giles' church[edit]

Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" is believed to have been written in the churchyard of the Church of England parish church of Saint Giles in Stoke Poges. Other churches have claimed the honor, including Everdon, Northamptonshire.

Gray's Monument, Stoke Poges

Gray is buried at St Giles. John Penn of Stoke had built a large monument displaying the Elegy nearby.

The Georgian rectory was built by Thomas Penn of Stoke Park in 1765. It is now a private residence called the Dial House.

Representation in media[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

  • Thomas Penn, son of William Penn and proprietor of Pennsylvania, with three-fourths holding.
  • Jacques Laffite, the French Formula One racing driver who won six Grands Prix for Ligier during the late 1970s and early 1980s, lived in Stoke Poges during some of his racing career.
  • Sir Henry Martin (Marten) (c.1562–1641), DCL, Fellow of New College, King's Advocate for James I, 1609, and Judge of Admiralty Court (1617–1641) is reported to have been born at Stokes Poges.[6]

Demography[edit]

Stoke Poges compared
2001 UK Census Stoke Poges ward South Bucks borough England
Population 4,839 61,945 49,138,831
Foreign born 11.9% 12.2% 9.2%
White 93.3% 93.4% 90.9%
Asian 4.8% 4.5% 4.6%
Black 0.3% 0.4% 2.3%
Christian 76.5% 75.6% 71.7%
Muslim 1.1% 1.1% 3.1%
Hindu 0.7% 1.2% 1.1%
No religion 10.6% 12.5% 14.6%
Unemployed 1.8% 1.9% 3.3%
Retired 16.8% 14.8% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census, the Stoke Poges electoral ward had a population of 4,839. The ethnicity was 93.3% white, 1.3% mixed race, 4.8% Asian, 0.3% black and 0.3% other. The place of birth of residents was 88.1% United Kingdom, 1.6% Republic of Ireland, 2.5% other Western European countries, and 7.8% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 76.5% Christian, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.7% Hindu, 2.7% Sikh, 0.5% Jewish, and 1.1% Muslim. 10.6% were recorded as having no religion, 0.2% had an alternative religion and 7.6% did not state their religion.[7]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 40.8% in full-time employment, 11.6% in part-time employment, 12.6% self-employed, 1.8% unemployed, 1.5% students with jobs, 3.1% students without jobs, 16.8% retired, 6.7% looking after home or family, 2.5% permanently sick or disabled and 2.5% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 15.4% retail, 13.4% manufacturing, 6.9% construction, 21.1% real estate, 9.2% health and social work, 7.3% education, 8.8% transport and communications, 3.5% public administration, 3.4% hotels and restaurants, 2.8% finance, 0.8% agriculture and 7.4% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in real estate, transport and communications. According to Office for National Statistics estimates, during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households was £870, compared with an average of £660 in South East England. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 28.4% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[7]

In 2011, The Daily Telegraph deemed Stoke Poges as Britain's eighth richest village and the third richest village in Buckinghamshire.[8]

Geography[edit]

Hamlets within Stoke Poges parish include:

  • Hollybush Hill
  • Stoke Green

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 2 February 2013
  2. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP40/647; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/H6/CP40no647/aCP40no647fronts/IMG_0029.htm; second entry, with "London" in the margin, & with defendants Thomas Clerk, William Adam, John Lambard & John Spykernell of Stoke Pocheys.
  3. ^ "A Long Story". Thomas Gray Archive. December 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Filming locations for Goldfinger (1964)". imdb. 
  5. ^ "For Your Eyes Only (1981): Filming locations". imdb. 
  6. ^ Brief Lives John Aubrey Clarendon Press, 1898 - Great Britain
  7. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  8. ^ "Britain's richest villages". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 April 2011. 

External links[edit]