Stokenchurch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stokenchurch
Stokenchurch is located in Buckinghamshire
Stokenchurch
Stokenchurch
 Stokenchurch shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 4,801 [1]
OS grid reference SU763962
Civil parish Stokenchurch
District Wycombe
Shire county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town High Wycombe
Postcode district HP14
Dialling code 01494
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Aylesbury
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Coordinates: 51°39′32″N 0°53′46″W / 51.659°N 0.896°W / 51.659; -0.896

Stokenchurch is a village and civil parish within Wycombe district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the Chiltern Hills, about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Chinnor in Oxfordshire and 6 miles (9.7 km) west of High Wycombe. The village is a popular place to live, due to its rural location and ease of access to London and Birmingham. Stokenchurch has its own junction of the M40 (junction 5).

History[edit]

The village name is Old English in origin, although there is a difference of opinion among scholars as to its original meaning. Patrick Hanks points out that 13th-century manorial records describe the village as Stockenechurch, which would logically come from OE stoccen + cirice, literally "logs church". This therefore means, he argues, that the village's name originated from a description of a church made from logs.[2] However Starey and Viccars, in their study of the village point to the geography of the local area and the fact that in 1086 Stokenchurch was a woodland in the chapelry of Aston Rowant in Oxfordshire.[3] They present the Hanks opinion as a credible origin however argue that due to the geography the name is more likely to come from the alternative meaning for the Anglo Saxon word stocc, which is an outlying farm or secondary settlement.[3]

The guide to the Parish Church, on sale in the church in the late 1970s (but no publishing information); mentions a battle fought between the locals and Danes on nearby Beacon Hill in the year 914AD. It is said that where juniper grows blood has been spilt - there is certainly lots of juniper on Beacon Hill.

The site of the village, (being on the main London to Oxford Road) proved a good resting and changing place for horses. For this reason in the English Civil War it was commonly used as a resting place for both Royalist and Parliamentarian troops.[4] Being between Royalist Oxford and Parliamentarian London the village is mentioned no less than twelve times in the journal of Scoutmaster General Sir Samuel Luke between 1643 and 1644,[4] and on two occasions (on 5 December 1642 and 17 June 1643) skirmishes broke out when both sides arrived at the village together.[5]

The original road is now a bridleway, called Colliers Lane (in original local dialect Coiyers Lane); the current road having been constructed in 1824. It was the use of the village as a stopping point that led to many of the pubs and inns being established.

By the early 13th century Stokenchurch was a chapelry in the parish of Aston Rowant. It was made a separate parish in 1844 and was transferred to Buckinghamshire from Oxfordshire in 1896.[6] It was once a centre for chair making with much of the wood used being felled locally. By the 1930s there were seven or eight firms making chairs for sale to major furniture makers. Despite this, the village was not overly rich, being largely based on a farming community.

Amenities[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St Peter and St Paul has a Norman west tower and numerous late-13th- and early-14th-century features.[7] The north aisle and belltower were added in 1893.[8] Stokenchurch has also a Methodist church.

Stokenchurch's main landmark is The King's Hotel (formerly The King's Arms Hotel), where King Charles II is reputed to have stayed with his mistress in the 17th century. The front of the hotel is 20th-century.[9] There are also several village public houses, few shops, a primary school and a library.

Wildlife[edit]

Stokenchurch is one of the main places in the United Kingdom where one can frequently see the Red Kite, a formerly endangered species whose numbers are now recovering well, though still in isolated pockets such as the Chilterns and West Wales. They were reintroduced to the area by the RSPB and English Nature with assistance from Paul Getty, the American millionaire and philanthropist, who allowed use of the Wormsley estate.[10] In clear weather more than 20 may be seen at one time, in Stokenchurch particularly as many residents put food out for them. The best place to view the red kites is from the nature reserve at Aston Rowant, just west of Stokenchurch off the A40.

Notable Residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ neighbourhood Statistics 2001 Census
  2. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Flavia Hodges, A. D. Mills and Adrian Room (2002). The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 1202. ISBN 0198605617. 
  3. ^ a b Starey, Christopher; P. G. Viccars (1992). Stokenchurch in Perspective. High Wycombe: STARVIC. p. 7. ISBN 0-9518772-1-6. 
  4. ^ a b Starey, Christopher; P. G. Viccars (1992). Stokenchurch in Perspective. High Wycombe: STARVIC. pp. 199–200. ISBN 0-9518772-1-6. 
  5. ^ Starey, Christopher; P. G. Viccars (1992). Stokenchurch in Perspective. High Wycombe: STARVIC. p. 75. ISBN 0-9518772-1-6. 
  6. ^ William Page (editor) (1925). "Parishes: Stokenchurch". A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 244
  8. ^ Pevsner, 1966, pages 244-245
  9. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 245
  10. ^ Daily Telegraph obituary Paul Getty Obituary

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]