Stolpen

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Stolpen
Stolpen Blick NW (03) 2006-06-08.jpg
Coat of arms of Stolpen
Coat of arms
Stolpen   is located in Germany
Stolpen
Stolpen
Coordinates: 51°2′56″N 14°4′58″E / 51.04889°N 14.08278°E / 51.04889; 14.08278Coordinates: 51°2′56″N 14°4′58″E / 51.04889°N 14.08278°E / 51.04889; 14.08278
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Government
 • Mayor Uwe Steglich (FDP)
Area
 • Total 60.85 km2 (23.49 sq mi)
Elevation 274 m (899 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 5,677
 • Density 93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 01833
Dialling codes 035973
Vehicle registration PIR
Website www.stolpen.de

Stolpen is a town in the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge, in Saxony, Germany. It is a historical town, that grew at the foot of the Schloßberg with the castle Burg Stolpen.

Burg Stolpen[edit]

Burg Stolpen is a castle built on top of the Schloßberg. The first defensive works were built about 1100 and it was first documented in 1222. Owned by the Bishop of Meißen for nearly 350 years, it passed to the Electorate of Saxony and was expanded in Renaissance style. In 1675 it was further expanded as a fortress. Anna Constantia von Brockdorff, Countess of Cosel, was imprisoned in the castle from 1716 until her death in 1765. The castle fell into disrepair towards the end of the 18th century. It became a museum in 1875, and has been partly restored since then.[2]

Schloßberg[edit]

Schloßberg is a hill just to the south of the town formed of prominent basalt columns. It is the formation referred to by Georgius Agricola when he coined the term basalt.[3]

Historical Population[edit]

  • ca. 1330 – 500
  • ca. 1550 – 725
  • 1559 – 122 (property owners)
  • 1748 – 146 (property owners)
  • 1799 – 706*
  • 1834 – 1220
  • 1871 – 1383
  • 1890 – 1401
  • 1910 – 1741
  • 1925 – 1833
  • 1950 – 2913
  • 1964 – 2705
  • 1970 – 2549
  • 1990 – 5890
  • 1998 – 6217
  • 2004 – 6196
  • 2007 – 5988
  • 2010 – 5793

* over 10 years old

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen – Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). 17 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Chronik" [Timeline]. Burg Stolpen – Schlösserland Sachsen (in German). Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Naturdenkmal Stolpener Basalt" [Stolpen Basalt Natural Monument]. Burg Stolpen – Schlösserland Sachsen (in German). Retrieved 7 October 2012. 

External links[edit]