Stomatosuchus

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Stomatosuchus
Temporal range: 100–94Ma Cenomanian
Stomatosuchus2.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Crocodylomorpha
Family: Stomatosuchidae
Genus: Stomatosuchus
Stromer, 1925
Type species
Stomatosuchus inermis
Stromer, 1925
Comparison of Stomatosuchus (center) with Laganosuchus (bottom)

Stomatosuchus inermis ("Weaponless mouth crocodile") was a 10 metre long stomatosuchid neosuchian from the Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian) of Egypt. Unlike most other crocodyliforms, it is difficult to determine exactly what S. inermis ate. Its flattened skull had a long, flat, lid-like snout, which was lined with small, conical teeth. The mandible may have been toothless and may have supported a pelican-like throat pouch.[1]

The only known specimen, a large skull, which was collected in German paleontologist Ernst Stromer's Egyptian expedition, was obliterated when the Munich Museum was destroyed during an Allied bombing raid in 1944.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Naish, D. 2002. Fossils explained 34: Crocodilians. Geology Today 2: 71-77.
  2. ^ Stromer, E. (1925) Ergebnisse der Forschungsreisen Prof. E. Stromers in den Wüsten Ägyptens. II. Wirbeltier-Reste der Baharije-Stufe (unterstes Cenoman). 7. Stomatosuchus inermis Stromer, ein schwach bezahnter Krokodilier und 8. Ein Skelettrest des Pristiden Onchopristis numidus Huag sp. Abhandlungen der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse 30: 1–22.
  3. ^ Sereno, P. C.; Larsson, H. C. E. (2009). "Cretaceous crocodyliforms from the Sahara". ZooKeys 28 (2009): 1–143. doi:10.3897/zookeys.28.325.