In music and jazz harmony, the Stomp progression is an eight-bar chord progression named for its use in the "stomp" section of the composition "King Porter Stomp" (1923) by Jelly Roll Morton, later arranged by Fletcher Henderson. It was one of the most popular tunes of the swing era, and the Stomp progression was often used.
Gb / Gdim / | Db7/Ab / Db7 / | Gb / Gdim / | Db7/Ab / Db7 / | Gb7 / Gdim / | Db/Ab Adim Bbm Db/Ab | Gdim / Gb / | Db/F Bbm Adim Db/Ab | Gdim Gb6 Db/F Ab | Db9 / / / ǁ
In pieces where the progression is repeated, this becomes something like:
||: Gb7 Gdim7 | Db7/Ab Db7 | Gb7 Gdim7 | Db7/Ab Db7 | Gb7 Gdim7 | Db7/Ab Bb7 | Eb7 | Ab7 Db7 :ǁ
||: IV7 #ivdim7 | I7/5 I7 | IV7 #ivdim7 | I7/5 I7 | IV7 #ivdim7 | I7/5 VI7 | II7 | V7 I7 :ǁ
The last two measures contain the ragtime progression.
Many bands and composers have used the Stomp chord progression to write new compositions, writing new head tunes or melodies, but using the chord changes to, as Morton phrased it, "make great tunes of themselves". Examples include Benny Carter's "Everybody Shuffle" (1934). See contrafact.
Other examples include:
- Larry Clinton and Bunny Berigan's "Study in Brown"
- Fats Waller's "Soothin' Syrup Stomp"
- Cab Calloway's "At the Clambake Carnival"
- Harry James's "Jump Town" and "Call the Porter"
- Benny Goodman's "Slipped Disc"
- Duke Ellington's "Bojangles (A Portrait of Bill Robinson)" (1940) chorus riff
- Sy Oliver's "Well, Git It!" for Tommy Dorsey's Orchestra(1942)
- Willie Bryant Orchestra's 1935 recording of George Gershwin's "Liza", eight-bar tag ending
- Morton, Ferd "Jelly Roll" (1924). "King Porter Stomp". Edwin H. Morris & Company (MPL Communications, Inc.). Cited in Magee (2001), 28.
- Morton, Ferdinand "Jelly Roll"; Sid Rodin and Sonny Burke (1924, 1956, 1987). Jazz Fake Book (unofficial compilation) (Edwin H. Morris & Company, a division of MPL Communications): 208. [ISBN missing]
- Magee (2001), p.27.
- Magee, Jeffrey. "'King Porter Stomp' and the Jazz Tradition", p.46, Current Musicology, 71-73 (Spring 2001-Spring 2002), p. 22-53.
- Schuller, Gunther and Martin Williams (1983). "Liner notes to Big Band Jazz: From the Beginnings to the Fifties", p.14. Smithsonian RD 030. Cited in Magee (2002).