Stonava

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Stonava
Stonawa
Village
Saint Mary Magdalene Church
Saint Mary Magdalene Church
Flag of Stonava
Flag
Coat of arms of Stonava
Coat of arms
Stonava is located in Czech Republic
Stonava
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°48′44″N 18°31′50″E / 49.81222°N 18.53056°E / 49.81222; 18.53056
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Karviná
First mentioned 1388
Government
 • Mayor Andrzej Feber
Area
 • Total 13.87 km2 (5.36 sq mi)
Elevation 193 m (633 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,828
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Postal code 735 34
Website http://www.stonava.cz/

Stonava (Polish: About this sound Stonawa , German: Steinau) is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic, on the Stonávka River. It has a population of 1,855 (2006), 25.8% of the population are the Poles.[1] It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

History[edit]

The village was founded in 14th century on the territory of the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

The village became a seat of a Catholic parish, mentioned in the register of Peter's Pence payment from 1447 among 50 parishes of Teschen deaconry as Stinavia.[2] After 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church was taken over by Lutherans. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings in the region) by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 26 March 1654.[3]

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, the village became a part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively organised in Frysztat County of Silesian Voivodeship.[4] The village was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 census data". Czech Statistical Office. 
  2. ^ "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commissione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German) (Breslau: H. Markgraf) 27: 361–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7. 
  4. ^ "Ustawa z dnia 27 października 1938 r. o podziale administracyjnym i tymczasowej organizacji administracji na obszarze Ziem Odzyskanych Śląska Cieszyńskiego". Dziennik Ustaw Śląskich (in Polish) (Katowice). nr 18/1938, poz. 35. 31 September 1938. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Rudnik, Czesława (February 2009). "Stonawskie memento". Zwrot: 8–10. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 49°48′44″N 18°31′50″E / 49.81222°N 18.53056°E / 49.81222; 18.53056