1st edition cover
|Publisher||Spiegel & Grau|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
Stone's Fall is a 2009 historical-mystery novel by Iain Pears.
- 1 Synopsis
- 2 Historical References (direct and indirect)
- 3 Historical liberties
- 4 Possible plot holes
- 5 Awards and nominations
- 6 References
- 7 External links
An aging BBC reporter approaching retirement in 1953, Matthew Braddock is on a farewell tour, visiting the old Paris bureau. Chancing upon a familiar name in the obituary notices, he decides to attend the funeral of an acquaintance he has not seen for many years. After the service, he is approached by a stranger who introduces himself as the deceased woman's solicitor. He surprises Braddock with the information that the firm has been holding a package for many years, addressed to him, with instructions to deliver it only after this woman's death. Later, on his trip back to London, Braddock reminisces about those days of his youth in 1909, when he met the beautiful and mysterious Elizabeth. Equally mysterious was the death (and life) of her husband, Baron Ravenscliff, born John William Stone. Later, Braddock opens the long-delayed package to find a pair of extraordinary manuscripts. These two documents, written accounts of events occurring in 1890 and 1867 respectively, follow Braddock's recollections to form the three-part structure of the historical-mystery novel Stone's Fall.
The next article section, Historical references, lists existing and/or historical persons, places, and events mentioned in quotations from Stone's Fall, with citations or internal links to other Wikipedia articles. Page numbers are from the hardcover edition.
The final section, Historical liberties, includes a listing of inconsistencies found between historical facts and the same "facts" as presented in Stone's Fall.
Historical References (direct and indirect)
Prologue - Paris, 1953
- p.3 Church of Saint-Germain-des-Prés - site of Elizabeth's funeral
Part One - London, 1909 – Matthew Braddock's story
- p.11 "St. James's Square...an impressive townhouse" – Ravenscliff's residence.
- p.25 "Mornington Crescent trial" – the name given to a fictional(?) murder trial. The name suggests a reference to the "Camden Town murder" of 1907. Painter Walter Sickert lived on Mornington Crescent at the time, and later renamed a group of his paintings The Camden Town Murder.
- p.32 "Bow Street Magistrates Court or the Old Bailey" – two primary sources for Braddock's crime reporting
- p.33 "Kaiser Wilhelm", "King Edward". Wilhelm II was the last German Kaiser, 1888-1918. Edward VII became king after the death of Queen Victoria, reigning from 1901 to 1910 (see also the p.306 reference below, where Edward visits Biarritz before he was king).
- p.34 "The Prime Minister, Asquith, and his chancellor, Lloyd George" - leaders of the Liberal government from 1908 to 1916.
- p.37 "Chelsea...Paradise Walk...Tite Street" - Paradise Walk runs parallel to Tite Street.
- p.38 "Sargent" - The American painter John Singer Sargent lived on Tite Street.
- "Henry MacAlpine" - a little joke here; MacAlpine is a fictional painter in Pears’ novel The Portrait.
- p.41 "Chelsea Library" - the old library was on Manresa Road. In 1980, it was acquired by Chelsea College of Art and Design.
- p.42 "Fleet Street" – synonymous with London journalism in the 20th century.
- p.50 "...King of Portugal was assassinated..." - refers to King Carlos I, assassinated in 1908
- p.54 "at the Exchange" - refers to the London Stock Exchange, located (in 1909) in Capel Court, off Bartholomew Lane across from the Bank of England. Capel Court is now gone, along with the rest of the block.
- p.57 "Cazenove…acting for Barings" - two of the leading London merchant banks at that time.
- p.64 "Jean-Jacques Henner" - Elizabeth volunteers the artist's name after observing Braddock's admiration of a portrait of her, dressed in "a golden red dress". Henner was a prominent French painter in Paris when Elizabeth lived there in the 1880s.
- p.75 "Ritz Hotel" - The famous Piccadilly hotel, still in existence at the north-east corner of Green Park, was the upscale residence of the fictional Theodore Xanthos. Note: the fictional Xanthos bears some resemblance to real-life arms dealer Basil Zaharoff.
- p.83 "...out of the Ritz and up Bond Street" - Braddock catches a bus (horse-drawn) and makes his way to his former editor's home in Camden. On the way, he passes the "great houses of Portman Place" (not found, but maybe part of the Portman Estate? Or did the author mean Portland Place?) Later, Braddock passes the "even greater establishments of Regent's Park".
- p.83 "furniture from Heal's" - a venerable department store on Tottenham Court Road
- p.90 "The Russell Hotel in Bloomsbury was a fairly new building"(completed in 1898, still in existence)
- p.138 "...an agent for the Dual Alliance...the thanks of the Kaiser...". Elizabeth jokes about being a spy for Britain's current continental rivals, the alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary, negotiated in 1879 by Bismarck.
- p.149 "The Anarchist Club, 165 Jubilee Street". Apparently fictional, but similar to historical places and events. For example, see: Walsall Anarchists. Jubilee Street, Commercial Road, Turner Street,and Newark Street are all located in the old East End of London (now part of the Tower Hamlets district)
- p.151 "Comrade Kropotkin" - refers to Peter Kropotkin, the exiled Russian anarchist
- p.160 "Wine Office Court, past the Cheshire Cheese". The venerable pub Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese is still open for business, just off Fleet Street.
- p.170 "Rothschild's at Waddesdon". Waddesdon Manor was the Rothschild family seat in England, and the most opulent of the many Rothschild properties in England.
- p.170 "Natty Rothschild". A nickname for Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, head of N M Rothschild & Sons, principal rivals to Barings in London merchant banking.
- p.172 "Royal Station Hotel". Braddock takes a train to Newcastle and checks into this Victorian hotel, still in business opposite the main station.
- p.174 "...the Beswick Shipyard..." - fictional name, but similar to an historical shipbuilding yard at Elswick (a ward of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne). The facility (no longer in existence) was part of Armstrong Whitworth, the manufacturing company founded by William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong.
- p.175 "HMS Anson, a dreadnought, 23,000 tons." The HMS Monarch, built in Armstrong's shipyard, is a close match for the fictional HMS Anson. There was a real HMS Anson, but it was an older and smaller (10,600 tons) battleship that was sold in 1909.
- p.177 "When we launched Intrepid last year..." - there were eight versions of HMS Intrepid, but this one is fictional.
- p.194 "Tom Baring himself..." - refers to Thomas "Tom" Baring (1839-1923), brought in as one of the Managing Directors of Baring Brothers and Company, Ltd. after the Panic of 1890. Tom was, in 1909, the eldest of the Barings in the banking partnership, but his nephew John, 2nd Baron Revelstoke, was senior partner.
- p.195 "...the disaster twenty years ago..." - refers to the Panic of 1890
- p.204 "to Cowes…for the week" – refers to the annual Cowes Week regatta
- p.208 "Whiteleys department store in Bayswater..." The site is now Whiteleys Shopping Centre, on Queensway. The building existing in 1909 is gone.
- p.208 "...to Waterloo Station and caught the 1:45 to Southampton". The station was completely demolished and rebuilt starting in 1904, but never completely closed. The official reopening was not until 1922.
- p.208 "Henley and Ascot" "Henley" refers to the Henley Royal Regatta. "Ascot" refers to Royal Ascot, the famous thoroughbred race meeting held annually since 1711 at Ascot Racecourse in Berkshire.
Cowes, Isle of Wight
- p.211 "Mrs. Godfrey Baring's bal masque". Godfrey Baring was soon to be a Baronet and MP for the Isle of Wight (1911).
- p.211 "the Solent". The body of water separating the Isle of Wight from the main island of Great Britain.
- p.212 "up the Esplanade to Egypt House..." The Esplanande is a long, paved waterfront footpath, paralleling Queen's Road and running west ("up") from Cowes. "Egypt House" was built c.1880.
- p.212 "the Victoria and Albert". HMY Victoria and Albert III, the Royal Yacht, entered service in 1901.
- p.212 "There is no bridge, just a strange contraption which looks like a floating wooden shed that is pulled this way and that across the water by chains…", The Cowes Floating Bridge is still in daily operation, connecting Cowes and East Cowes. Nowadays, it resembles an ordinary ferry, but in period photos it does indeed look like a "floating wooden shed".
- p.215 "...up Egypt Hill, a road that...skirted the gardens of the Baring house". The house (now demolished) was known as Nubia House; residence of Godfrey Baring.
- p.221 "The Tsar of all the Russias. Nicholas II". The last Tsar, as it turned out.
- p.221 "the imperial yacht, the Sandrart". This is a misspelling; the correct name is Standart.
- p.222 "Osborne...up York Avenue to the main gate." Prince Albert designed Osborne House as a summer home and rural retreat for himself and Queen Victoria. There are two entrances off York Avenue. The Royal Entrance has a gated archway.
Part Two – Paris 1890 - Henry Cort's story
- p.242 "a lovely Adam house in the Borders in the summer." - refers to the areas along the border between England and Scotland.
- p.244 "Balliol..." - Balliol College is at Oxford.
- p.244 "... a Fellow of Trinity..." - refers to Trinity College, Oxford.
- p.245 "the Athenaeum". Another distinguished "gentlemen's club", still in existence.
- p.250 "train to Dover...crossed the Channel by steamer to Calais...arrived at the Gare du Nord...". Cort travels to Paris in the days before the Chunnel, or even the Golden Arrow.
- p.251 "Fifteen rue Poulletier...Île Saint-Louis" Just upstream from, and connected by bridge to the famous Île de la Cité, is the less well-known Île Saint Louis.
- p.263 "the Vickers, the Krupps and the Schneiders" - a trio of families; British, German and French respectively, that made their fortunes in arms manufacturing.
- p.265 "Nancy...much closer to the German border than it wanted to be." This refers to the post-Franco-Prussian War border. After World War I, Nancy ceased to be a border town (see also p.267 in the 'Historical Liberties' section below).
- p.284 "Lord Revelstoke, the chairman of Barings…" - refers to Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke.
- p.291 "Theatre only if Bernhardt is involved" - refers to Sarah Bernhardt, the French actress.
- p.292 Biarritz "…Hotel du Palais to the north…" - refers to the Hotel du Palais, built in 1854 by Napoleon III, as a beach palace for his Empress, Eugénie
- p.292 "Princess Natalie of Romania" [historical or fictional?]
- p.296 "Maurice Rouvier". Rouvier was Finance Minister from 1889 to 1892.
- p.306 "Prince of Wales" - before he became King Edward VII.
- p.307 "Almanach de Gotha". A respected directory of Europe's highest nobility and royalty.
- P.313 "facade of the Crédit Lyonnais, just visible on the boulevard beyond.". The bank's headquarters was on Boulevard des Italiens.
- p.318 "Chambre des Députés". The lower house of parliament from 1875 to 1940, during the French Third Republic.
- p.318 "England...bought the Suez Canal...to strangle France's Empire". Great Britain bought the Egyptian share of Canal ownership in 1888. Prior to this, British troops occupied the Canal following the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
- p.319 "the Banque de Paris et des Pays-Bas" This was an important French merchant bank in 1890; now part of BNP Paribas.
- p.327 "Hotel du Louvre" - this Paris hotel fills a prominent block between the Palais Royal and the Louvre Palace.
- p.330 "Lapérouse" - the Left Bank restaurant.
- p.337 "all the way up to Belleville" - Belleville was annexed by the City of Paris in 1860.
- p.343 "Longchamp". Longchamp Racecourse is a horse-racing facility located in the western end of the Bois de Boulogne, which is also the western edge of Paris.
- p.348 "the American railroad collapse" - probably refers to the Panic of 1873.
- p.349 "back across the Bois de Boulogne to Paris". One of two huge urban parks in Paris, part of the 19th century redesign of Paris by Baron Haussmann.
- p.350 "Avenue de la Grande Armée". One of the twelve grand avenues radiating away from the Arc de Triomphe; also part of Haussman's design.
- p.355 "Bank of England wouldn't have enough gold..." - these were the days of the "gold standard".
- p.359 "No market [for automobiles in Britain] until the government allows them to go more than four miles an hour." This situation finally changed with the Locomotives on Highways Act 1896.
- p.366 "a Rothschild or a Reinach or a Baring". Three of the top families in European banking at the time.
- p.368 "British Embassy". Then and now, located at 35 Rue du Faubourg Saint Honoré.
- p.368 "Next came the Russian Embassy". A bit of a walk to Rue de Grenelle, across the Seine in the 7th arrondissement; now part of the Ministry of National Education complex.
- p.392 "nearby English church" - refers to St. Michael's. The "imitation of an English Gothic building" has been replaced.
- p.394 "arrived at Victoria...then drove directly to the Foreign Office" - refers to the building on Whitehall, constructed in 1868.
- p.395 "Glyn Mills". A private London bank, established in 1753; it is part of RBS Group today.
- p.395 "Argentina is in a virtual state of war." The Revolución del Parque began in July, 1890.
- p.396 "Just round the corner was Downing Street...past the Prime Minister's house...knocked on the door of Number 11"
- p.396 "Three men were already there: Lord Revelstoke; William Lidderdale, Governor of the Bank; and George Goschen, the Chancellor of the Exchequer." The purpose of this meeting was to attempt to avert the financial disaster that later came to be known as "The Panic of 1890".
- p.400 "head of the English branch at this time was Natty Rothschild". His full name was Nathaniel Mayer de Rothschild.
- p.403 "the Rothschild mansion in the Eighth Arrondissemant" - refers to the Hotel de Saint-Florentin, Paris residence of Alphonse de Rothschild, Natty's cousin and head of the French branch of the family business.
- p.404 "M. Magnin...Bank of France". Pierre Magnin was Governor of the Bank of France from 1881 to 1897.
- p.406 "rue Daru...Alexander Nevski Cathedral". The cathedral was and is the headquarters of the Russian Orthodox church in western Europe.
- p.410 "Bismarck has gone. The treaty you [Russia] had with Germany went with him." German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck was forced to resign in March 1890, some months before the events against which this chapter is set.
- p.432 "construction of the port of Nicolaieff [sic] on the Black Sea". The Black Sea Shipyard was established at Nikolaev in 1897.
Part Three – Venice 1867 – John Stone's story
- p.435 "Hotel Europa". The hotel was later the location of the original Harry's Bar.
- p.444 "Macintyre". The British expat engineer (no first name given) is a fictional character; perhaps loosely based on Robert Whitehead, inventor of the self-propelled (or "automobile") torpedo.
- p.444 "Sottini's in Mestre". Mestre is near Venice, on the mainland.
- p.446 "as the Venetians themselves abandoned Torcello". The natural island of Torcello was the oldest and once the most populous area of Venice. Today it is almost deserted except for tourists.
- p.473 Dunbury scandal: "a foolishly conceived scheme…railway built across a two-hundred-mile swamp in Russia" – historical or fictional? This incident is mentioned twice in the novel.
- p.485 "Laird's in Liverpool" Technically, the British ship builder was located in Birkenhead, across the Mersey from Liverpool. Laird's later became part of Cammell Laird.
- p.536 "you remember the Alabama?" The infamous Confederate raider was built by Laird's during the American Civil War.
- p.545 "San Servolo. The island lies between San Marco and the Lido". - An early Benedictine monastery was established on the island, which later became a psychiatric hospital.
- p.33 Kaiser Wilhelm is mentioned as being the grand-nephew of Queen Victoria. He was, in fact, her grandson.
- p.267 "the occupied part of Alsace...". The author probably meant Lorraine rather than Alsace. The Treaty of Frankfurt (1871) ending the Franco-Prussian War ceded all of Alsace and northern parts of Lorraine to Germany, forming the new German imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. Nancy, the capital of Lorraine, was close to the border between the two sections of divided Lorraine. Nancy is not so close to any part of Alsace.
Possible plot holes
In the opening chapters, the actual business of the administration of estates, obtaining probate of a will, the publication at the Principal Probate Registry of wills that are so proved, and the ability of executors to set aside funds for missing beneficiaries, are completely ignored. In this novel, the supposed inability of the executor to administer the estate (as long as there is a missing beneficiary) is no inability at all; it seems to have been portrayed as such for plotting.
- p.240 "Your account of the events you took part in was impeccable ..." A curious statement, written by Cort in 1943; the evidence in the novel is that Braddock's "account" existed before 1953 only in the form of private notes, which Braddock "digs out" after Elizabeth's funeral. This is not a problem related to any historical information - only a lack of internal consistency in the fictional history. However, Cort might be referring to Braddock's oral account that he offers to Cort during their one meeting in the hospital of 1910, not to the written account. Alternatively, as Cort is a very skilful spy, he may have gained access to Braddock's notes secretly around that time.
Awards and nominations
- "Booker rivals clash again on Walter Scott prize shortlist", The Guardian, 2 Apr 2010
- Ziegler, Philip (1988). The Sixth Great Power: Barings 1762–1929. London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-217508-8.
- Stone's Fall website
- A set of 85 Google Earth placemarks you can download to view the historic places mentioned in Stone's Fall