Stone, Carpenter & Willson

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Stone, Carpenter & Willson was a Providence, Rhode Island based architectural firm in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. It was named for the partners Alfred Stone (1834–1908),[1] Charles E. Carpenter (1845–1923).[2] and Edmund R. Willson (1856–1906).[3]The firm was one of the state's most prominent.

It was established in early 1883 when Willson became a partner in the Providence architectural firm of Stone & Carpenter. By this time, Stone & Carpenter had emerged as the most well-regarded firm in the city and state.

Partner Biographies[edit]

Alfred Stone was born in East Machias, Maine, in 1834. He attended the Washington Academy in that town. His family later moved to Salem, Massachusetts. After graduating high school, he began his architectural training. He worked for Towle & Foster, Shepard S. Woodcock,[4] Washburn & Brown, and Arthur Gilman. In 1859 he began working for Providence architect Alpheus C. Morse. He studied there until the outbreak of the Civil War. He went to enlist, but a knee injury prevented him from doing so. He then worked for various business interests, also traveling in the British Isles. He opened an architural office in Providence in 1864. From 1866 to 1871 William H. Emmerton, another Salem man, was Stone's partner. Emmerton was killed in the Great Revere Train Wreck of 1871. He practiced alone until 1873, when Charles E. Carpenter became partner. This association remained unchanged for a decade, when Willson was added. Stone died December 4th, 1908 in Peterborough, New Hampshire.[5]

Charles Edmund Carpenter was born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island on May 1st, 1845. He attended the public schools until the age of 17, when he enlisted in the Union Army. He was discharged three months later, and returned to school. He began to work under Providence civil engineer William S. Haines, learning the business. He became interested in architecture, deciding to study it instead. He entered the office of Alfred Stone in 1867, and was made a partner in 1873. He retired from the firm's affairs in 1908, after the death of Stone. He died in 1923.[6]

Edmund Russell Willson was born in 1856 in West Roxbury, Massachusetts, now part of Boston. He was the son of Edmund B. Willson, a pastor, and Martha Anne (Buttrick) Willson. In 1859 Willson removed his family to Salem, where he took charge of the North Church, now the First Church in Salem. Edmund R. Willson attended Salem High School, graduating at the young age of 15 in 1871. He then entered Harvard University. He was there four years, graduating in 1875. After his graduation, he found a position in the office of Peabody & Stearns, Boston's leading architects. He also took an additional 9-month course in architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After a year he left Peabody & Stearns and moved to Sturgis & Brigham. After a year and a half there he left Boston and relocated to New York City, where he worked under Charles F. McKim in McKim, Mead & Bigelow. McKim, recognizing Willson's talent and potential, convinced him to study abroad. He departed in May of 1879, with a friend, William E. Chamberlin. Not long after his arrival in Paris, Willson gained admission to the École des Beaux-Arts, as would Chamberlin. He returned to the United States in December of 1881. In early 1882 he secured a position in the Providence firm of Stone & Carpenter. He was soon given a position of high responsibility, taking the firm's designs in a new direction. Recognizing this, Alfred Stone and Charles E. Carpenter decided to admit him as a partner in the new firm of Stone, Carpenter & Willson, in which position he stayed until his death. On December 14 of 1882 Willson married Anne Lemoine (Frost) Willson, whom he had known in Salem. He died September 9th, 1906, in Petersham, Massachusetts.[7]

In 1901, a fourth partner, Walter G. Sheldon, was added.[8] Sheldon had worked at the firm for at least a decade. Despite the new partner, Sheldon's was not added to the firm's name. After Willson's death, however, the firm was renamed Stone, Carpenter & Sheldon, which it retained until its end in the 1920s. Other, later, partners included Sheldon's son, Gilbert Sheldon, and William C. Mustard. Sheldon was born in 1855, and died in 1931.[9] His son was born in 1882, dying in 1972.[10]

Architectural Works[edit]

154 Hope Street (King House, formerly Taft House (Robert W. and Alice Taft), Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
  • State Prison and Providence County Jail, Howard, RI (1878; as "Stone & Carpenter")[11]
  • Rufus R. Wilson House, 240 Hope St., Providence, RI (1884)[12]
  • William W. Dunnell House, 16 Angell St., Providence, RI (1884)[13]
  • Conrad Building, 373 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1885)[12]
  • Fleur-de-Lys Studios, 7 Thomas St., Providence, RI (1885)[12]
  • Henry J. Steere House, 100 Nayatt Rd., Nayatt, Barrington, RI (1885) - Now demolished, modeled on Providence's Nightingale-Brown House.[14]
  • George M. Smith House, 165 Hope St., Providence, RI (1886)[12]
  • Granville Gardiner House, 323 Angell St., Providence, RI (1886)
  • Sawyer Building, Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Blvd., Providence, RI (1886)[15]
  • The Mill, 581 W. Main Rd., Little Compton, RI (1886) - This house was built as a summer residence for Adeline E. H. Slicer.[16]
  • The Rock, Round Pond Rd., Little Compton, RI (1886) - This now-demolished house was built as a summer residence for Dr. C. T. Gardner.[17]
  • Zechariah Chaffee, Jr. House, 169 Hope St., Providence, RI (1886) - This house was moved from 129 Hope in 1977.
  • Barrington Town Hall, 283 County Rd., Barrington, RI (1887)[16]
  • Stephen Waterman House, 70 Stimson Ave., Providence, RI (1887)[12]
  • William Wilkinson Building, 210 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1887)
  • Y.M.C.A., 519 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1887) - This building was demolished in 1913.
  • Enterprise Building, 7 Eddy St, Providence, RI (1888) - This building has been demolished.
  • Estelle R. Jackson House, 8 Young Orchard Ave., Providence, RI (1888) - This house was demolished in the 1970s.
  • Exchange Bank Building, 59 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1888)[12]
  • Israel B. Mason House, 571 Broad St., Providence, RI (1888)[12]
  • James Bartlett, Jr. House, 254 Knight St., Providence, RI (1888)
  • Jeffrey Davis House, 260 Elmwood Ave., Providence, RI (1888)[12]
  • John McManus House, 265 Bowen St., Providence, RI (1888)[18]
  • Lyman Klapp House, 217 Hope St., Providence, RI (1888)[12]
  • Rhode Island State Almshouse, 1511 Pontiac Ave., Howard, Cranston, RI (1888)
  • Duncan Lodge, Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Blvd., Providence, RI (1889) - This was the supervisor's residence.
  • James A. Potter House, 359 Broad St., Providence, RI (1889)[12]
  • Josephine Rathbone House, 305 Hope St., Providence, RI (1889)
  • Joseph E. Fletcher House, 19 Stimson Ave., Providence, RI (1889)[12]
  • Lyman Hall, 83 Waterman St., Brown University, Providence, RI (1889)[12]
  • Petersham Memorial Library, http://www.petershamlibrary.net/ 23 Common St., Petersham, MA (1889)
  • Taft Hall, 9 Lippitt Rd., University of Rhode Island, Kingston, South Kingstown, RI (1889)[16]
  • Pacific National Bank Building, 255 Main St., Pawtucket, RI (1890) - The upper floors of this building were remodeled c.1937.[19]
  • Waterman Building, 12 Olneyville Sq., Olneyville, Providence, RI (1890) - Top 2 floors removed after the damages of Hurricane Carol.
  • Burrill Building, 291 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1891)[12]
  • Edmund T. Moulton House, 246 Hope St., Providence, RI (1891)[12]
  • Frank E. Richmond House, Grindstone Neck, Winter Harbor, ME (1891)
  • Ladd Observatory, 210 Doyle Ave., Providence, RI (1891)
  • South Main Street Fire Station, 303 S. Main St., Providence, RI (1891)
  • G. Richmond Parsons House, 276 George St., Providence, RI (1892)[12]
  • Industrial Trust Co. Building (First), 49 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1892) - This building was demolished c. 1970.
  • Main Building, Rhode Island School for the Deaf, 520 Hope St., Providence, RI (1892) - This has been demolished.
  • Wheaton Building, 228 Main St., Pawtucket, RI (1892) - Now the Toole Building, it was remodeling in 1922.[19]
  • Bridge Mill Power Plant, 25 Roosevelt Ave., Pawtucket, RI (1893)
  • George H. Dart House, 16 Stimson Ave., Providence, RI (1893)[12]
  • Rhode Island State Building, World's Columbian Exhibition, Chicago, IL (1893) - Demolished after the fair.
  • Telephone Building, 112 Union St., Providence, RI (1893)[16]
  • Central Police Station, 157 Fountain St., Providence, RI (1894) - Has been demolished.
  • Frederick M. Sackett House, 177 George St., Providence, RI (1894)
  • Lauderdale & Francis Buildings, 136 & 146 Westminster St., Providence, RI (1894)[12]
  • Scoville Memorial Library, 38 Main St., Salisbury, CT (1894)
  • C. Morris Smith House, 112 Benevolent St., Providence, RI (1895) - This house was demolished in 1966.
  • Davis Hall, 10 Lippitt Rd., University of Rhode Island, Kingston, South Kingstown, RI (1895)[16]
  • Robert W. Taft House, 154 Hope St., Providence, RI (1895)[12]
  • Frank W. Matteson House, 38 Cushing St., Providence, RI (1896)
  • Providence Public Library, 150 Empire St., Providence, RI (1896) - Opened in 1900.[12]
  • Providence Union Station, 36 Exchange Ter., Providence, RI (1896)[12]
  • Remodeling, Providence Institution for Savings Building, 128 S. Main St., Providence, RI (1896)[12]
  • Carl Barus House, 30 Elmgrove Ave., Providence, RI (1897)
  • Charles H. Warren House, 168 Governor St., Providence, RI (1897)
  • John M. Rounds House, 72 Taber Ave., Providence, RI (1897)
  • Lippitt Hall, 5 Lippitt Rd., University of Rhode Island, Kingston, South Kingstown, RI (1897)[16]
  • Pembroke Hall, 172 Meeting St., Pembroke College, Providence, RI - Pembroke is now part of Brown University.[12]
  • George O. Sackett House, 37 Arlington Ave., Providence, RI (1899)[20]
  • Outbuildings for Nelson W. Aldrich, Indian Oaks, 836 Warwick Neck Ave., Warwick, RI (1899 et al.)
  • Nichewaug Inn, 25 Common St., Petersham, MA (1899)
  • "Short Acre", 16 North Main St., Petersham, MA (1899) - remodel of Arron Brooks Jr., house (circa 1829)
  • Southwest Pavilion, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy St., Providence, RI (1899)
  • Addition, University Club, 219 Benefit St., Providence, RI (1900)[12]
  • Brunonia Hall, 175 Thayer St., Brown University, Providence, RI (1900) - This has been demolished.
  • James M. Anthony House, 15 Arch St., Providence, RI (1900)
  • Union Trust Co. Building, 62 Dorrance St., Providence, RI (1900)[12]
  • Remodeling for Marsden J. Perry, John Brown House, 52 Power St., Providence, RI (1901)[12]
  • Archie McMutry House, 41 Moore St., Providence, RI (1902)
  • Edward B. Aldrich House, 144 Meeting St., Providence, RI (1902)
  • Pawtucket Boys Club, 53 East Ave., Pawtucket, RI (1902)[21]
  • John N. Mason Building, 169 Weybosset St., Providence, RI (1903) - The facade of this building was altered in 2002.
  • Whitney Memorial Library, 738 Main St., Bolton, MA (1903)
  • Pendleton House, RISD Museum of Art, 224 Benefit St., Providence, RI (1904)[12]
  • Administration Building, Swan Point Cemetery, 585 Blackstone Blvd., Providence, RI (1905)[12]
  • Gatherem, 28 Grinnell Rd., Little Compton, RI (1905) - This house was built as a summer residence for Edwin W. Winter.[16]
  • Gerald M. Richmond House, 166 Waterman St., Providence, RI (1905)
  • James P. Tierney House, 275 Olney St., Providence, RI (1905)[12]
  • Petersham Center School, 31 Spring St., Petersham, MA (1905)
  • Remodeling for Nelson W. Aldrich, Robert S. Burroughs House, 110 Benevolent St., Providence, RI (1905)[12]
  • Harold T. Merriman House, 158 Governor St., Providence, RI (1906)
  • Industrial Trust Co. Branch, 414 Main St., Warren, RI (1906)[16]
  • Sayles Gymnasium, 95 Cushing St., Pembroke College, Providence, RI (1906)[12]
  • Strathglass Building, 25 Hartford St., Rumford, ME (1906)

Associated Architects and Draftsmen[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American Architect's Biographies S". Society of Architectural Historians. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  2. ^ "American Architect's Biographies C". Society of Architectural Historians. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  3. ^ "American Architect's Biographies W". Society of Architectural Historians. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  4. ^ Proceedings of the Rhode Island Historical Society, 1908-1909. Providence: Standard Printing Co., 1910.
  5. ^ "Alfred Stone, F. A. I. A." American Institute of Architects Quarterly Bulletin April 1908: 200.
  6. ^ History of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Biographical. New York: American Historical Society, 1920.
  7. ^ "Two Rhode Island Architects". American Architect and Building News 9 Feb. 1907: 67.
  8. ^ "Two Rhode Island Architects". American Architect and Building News 9 Feb. 1907: 67.
  9. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=93644396
  10. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=125333894
  11. ^ http://www.bhddh.ri.gov/about/The_State_Institutions_at_Howard.pdf
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad PPS/AIA Guide to Providence Architecture (2003)
  13. ^ Buildings on Paper: Rhode Island Architectural Drawings 1825-1945 (1982)
  14. ^ American Furniture in Pendleton House (1986)
  15. ^ Butler Hospital - NRHP Nomination (1978)
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Buildings of Rhode Island (2005)
  17. ^ American Architect & Building News (August 28, 1886)
  18. ^ Architecture & Building (June 30, 1888)
  19. ^ a b Illustrated History of Pawtucket, Central Falls & Vicinity (1897)
  20. ^ Wayland Historic District - NRHP Nomination
  21. ^ The Brickbuilder (March, 1903)
  22. ^ http://www.woonsocket.org/fontaine.html

External links[edit]