Stone, Kent

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Stone
Stone is located in Kent
Stone
Stone
 Stone shown within Kent
Population 6,100 (2005)[1]
OS grid reference TQ575745
District Dartford
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dartford
Postcode district DA2
Post town Greenhithe
Postcode district DA9
Dialling code 01322
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Dartford
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°26′53″N 0°15′57″E / 51.4480°N 0.2658°E / 51.4480; 0.2658

Stone, is a village in the Dartford Borough of Kent. It is located east of Dartford.

History[edit]

Iron Age pottery and artefacts have been found here[2] proving it to be an ancient settlement site. The 13th-century parish church, dedicated to St Mary the Virgin at Stone, was known as the "Lantern of Kent" from its beacon light known to all sailors on the river. It is one of Kent's most dramatic churches and is renowned for its Gothic sculpture made by the masons who built Westminster Abbey.[2] The Grade I listing entry narrates each spandrel is either identical or almost identical to those at Westminster Abbey and therefore also dates to 1260, it also describes the North Chapel built for Sir Richard Wiltshire's death in 1527 [3]

The parish (including Bean) was part of Axstane Hundred and later Dartford Rural District.

Stone Castle[edit]

Main article: Stone Castle

Located about a mile to the south of Greenhithe and just north of the Roman Watling Street, Stone Castle dates from the mid-11th century, and is thought to have been constructed without license during the reign of King Stephen, but was later permitted to remain by King Henry II after his accession to the throne.

The castle was built almost entirely of flint. The only surviving portion of the original medieval castle intact is its large rectangular tower, rising 40 feet in height. An adjoining Georgian house was built onto the tower by Sir Richard Wiltshire; in 1527 Cardinal Wolsey stayed at his house while passing through the district. In more recent times the property has belonged to the Church of England.

Stone today[edit]

Stone Castle is now the regional office of a large cement manufacturer. The cement works which once stood here have now been demolished.

The disused John's Hole Quarry at Stone was used as a filming location for the mine scenes in the Doctor Who television story The Dalek Invasion of Earth. This was the first of many quarries to be used in the series.[4]

Stone Crossing railway station is located on the North Kent Line.

Stone Cricket Club[edit]

Stone has a village cricket team that was established in 1888

Demography[edit]

Stone compared
2001 UK Census Stone Dartford District England
Total population 6,252 85,911 49,138,831
Foreign born 5.2% 5.8% 9.2%
White 95.9% 94.5% 90.9%
Asian 1.6% 3.2% 4.6%
Black 1.3% 0.9% 2.3%
Christian 71% 73.3% 72%
Muslim 0.3% 0.7% 3.1%
Hindu 0.4% 0.8% 1.1%
No religion 17.4% 15.1% 15%
Unemployed 3.1% 2.5% 3.3%

At the 2001 UK census, the Stone electoral ward had a population of 6,252.[5]

The ethnicity was 95.9% white, 0.9% mixed race, 1.6% Asian, 1.3% black and 0.3% other. The place of birth of residents was 94.8% United Kingdom, 0.8% Republic of Ireland, 0.9% other Western European countries, and 3.5% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 71% Christian, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.4% Hindu, 0.5% Sikh and 0.3% Muslim. 17.4% were recorded as having no religion, 0.2% had an alternative religion and 9.9% did not state their religion.[5]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 49.7% in full-time employment, 10.8% in part-time employment, 6.9% self-employed, 3.1% unemployed, 1.8% students with jobs, 1.6% students without jobs, 10.1% retired, 7.7% looking after home or family, 4.8% permanently sick or disabled and 3.5% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 22% retail, 14.6% manufacturing, 10% construction, 10.6% real estate, 10.2% health and social work, 5.6% education, 9% transport and communications, 3.8% public administration, 3.4% hotels and restaurants, 4.5% finance, 0.6% agriculture and 5.7% other. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 12% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[5]

Transport[edit]

Stone Crossing station serves the area with services to London Charing Cross both via Sidcup and via Woolwich Arsenal station, Gravesend and Gillingham station. Stone is served by the Transport for London bus service 492 with services to Sidcup via Bexleyheath and Dartford and to Bluewater, Arriva Kent routes 455 to Dartford and to Gravesend via Swanscombe and Greenhithe and 480/490 to Dartford and to Gravesend via Swanscombe and Bluewater.

The Thames Europort is situated in Stone. This is a ro-ro facility for sea freight traffic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2005 Ward Level Population Estimates" (PDF). Kent County Council. September 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-20. 
  2. ^ a b Newman, John (1969). West Kent and the Weald. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 19, 525. 
  3. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1085810)". National Heritage List for England. 
  4. ^ Gary Russell (2003). Doctor Who – The Dalek Invasion Of Earth (DVD). BBC. Event occurs at 6:14–6:41 of "Now and Then" feature on Disc 2. ASIN B00009PBAN. This was the first ever quarry to be used in the making of Doctor Who. 
  5. ^ a b c "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 

External links[edit]