Stoneburg sits at the intersection of U.S. Route 81 and Farm to Market Road 1806 in east central Montague County. Bowie Lake is 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of the town. The town developed after the construction of the Chicago, Rock Island, and Texas Railway between Fort Worth, Texas and Salina, Kansas in 1893. The town's proximity to Bowie, however, limited the prospect of major growth and the population never surpassed 150. Its post office, opened in 1893, closed in 1954.
^Bishop, Hank; Aaron Cooper (9 April 2009). "Fires scorch Southwest, burning homes and one entire town". CNN. Retrieved 9 April 2009. "In Texas, the 100-person town of Stoneburg was "burned over," by a 25,000-acre fire said Texas Forest Service spokeswoman Misty Wilburn. The town, northwest of Dallas near the Oklahoma state line, had been evacuated, she said."