Stonehenge Avenue

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii
Reference 373
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1986 (10th Session)

Stonehenge Avenue is an ancient avenue marked as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Discovered in the 18th century, it measures nearly 3 kilometers,[1] connecting Stonehenge with the River Avon.[2] It was built during the Stonehenge 3 period of 2600 to 1700 BCE.

The avenue is aligned with the sunrise of the summer solstice,[2] suggesting a time of most frequent use.[1]

At the end of the Avenue, a similar ring of bluestones, Bluestonehenge, was discovered in 2009.[3]

Mike Parker Pearson of the Stonehenge Riverside Project believes that the Avenue was inspired by, and built over top of a natural glacial formation with an existing astronomical alignment.[4]

The Avenue at Stonehenge looking NEE towards Old and New King Barrows

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Avenue - An Overview". English Heritage (Internet Archive). 
  2. ^ a b "Huge Settlement Unearthed At Stonehenge Complex". ScienceDaily. 30 Jan 2007. 
  3. ^ "Mini-Stonehenge find 'important'". BBC News. 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2010-05-24. 
  4. ^ "...sits upon a series of natural landforms that, by chance, form an axis between the directions of midsummer sunrise and midwinter sunset", 22 June 2012, University of Sheffield

Coordinates: 51°10′44″N 1°49′31″W / 51.17889°N 1.82528°W / 51.17889; -1.82528