Stones Bitter

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Stones Bitter
William Stones Brewery (logo).jpg
William Stones logo
Type Beer
Manufacturer Molson Coors
Distributor Molson Coors
Country of origin Sheffield, England
Introduced 1948
Alcohol by volume 3.7%
Colour straw/golden

Stones Bitter is a bitter style of beer manufactured and distributed in the United Kingdom by the North American brewer Molson Coors. It has a straw-golden hue; it was first brewed in 1948 by William Stones Ltd at the Cannon Brewery in Sheffield. It was designed for the local steelworkers and became successful in its local area, becoming one of Sheffield's best known products.[1]

The brewing giant Bass acquired William Stones in the 1960s, and began to heavily promote the keg variant of Stones Bitter, which eventually became the highest selling bitter in the country. However the keg version was promoted at the expense of the traditional unpasteurised and unfiltered cask conditioned version. During the 1990s the ABV of Stones was gradually reduced, and as ale sales declined, Stones reverted from a national into a regional brand. Following the closure of the Cannon Brewery, Stones has been brewed at a number of different breweries. When Bass exited its brewing business, Stones became a Coors brand (later Molson Coors).

Stones was promoted through a series of television advertisements during the 1980s that starred Michael Angelis and Tony Barton. It eventually became the United Kingdom's longest ever running bitter campaign. Stones sponsored the Rugby Football League Championship and its successor the Rugby Super League throughout the 1980s and 1990s.

History[edit]

The head brewer Edward "Ted" Collins first produced Stones Bitter at the Cannon Brewery in 1948.[2] It was designed for the steelworkers of Sheffield's Lower Don Valley.[3] The product was formulated as the working classes began to favour bitter over the dark mild style of beer.[3] The beer's straw colour made it reasonably unique for the time, and its individuality helped it to become an immediate success.[3] By the 1960s its local reputation was "colossal", and it accounted for 80 per cent of William Stones' sales.[4] Stones had such a strong local following that it was described as being "more of a religion than a beer."[5]

From 1979, keg Stones began to be promoted heavily nationwide, and the beer was introduced to the South of England for the first time.[6] The beer was promoted following the withdrawal of the unpopular Brew Ten, which was itself intended to replace Bass's regional ales.[5] Originally the beer would be produced at the Cannon Brewery and then transported to Bass' Hope & Anchor brewery, also in Sheffield, for pasteurisation and kegging, but eventually demand for Stones Bitter became too great for the Cannon alone, and production was also extended to other Bass breweries.[7] In the early 1980s it was produced at Bass' Runcorn brewery, although this was quickly halted after drinkers complained of headaches from the poorly manufactured beer.[5] The Runcorn beer had been brewed at a higher temperature, which increased the amount of hangover-inducing fusel oils in the beer.[5]

By 1989 Stones was the ninth most popular beer in the United Kingdom, with 2 per cent of all beer sales.[8] Demand was such that the Cannon Brewery was paying up to £1.5 million per month in duty by 1991.[9] Cask conditioned Stones won silver in the Bitter category in the CAMRA Champion Beer of Britain in 1991.[10] By 1992 Stones was the UK's highest selling bitter, a million barrel a year brand, with Bass describing it as "a tremendously important brand with untapped potential".[11][12] That same year, Bass were criticised for reducing the ABV of Stones from 4.1 per cent to 3.9 per cent ABV in order to reduce the impact of beer duty.[13] The current packaging was introduced in 1994, and evokes Vulcan, the Roman god of fire and blacksmiths, and protector of craftsmen.[14]

In 1997 the Yorkshire Post described the beer as "one of Sheffield's most famous exports", and "a name which carries as much pride as the Made in Sheffield stamp."[1] In 1997, Bass decided to deprioritise Stones in order to concentrate on promoting Worthington as their national ale brand.[15] Stones' ABV was further reduced to 3.8 per cent in August 1998, and then to 3.7 per cent a few months later leading to its derision in the Yorkshire Evening Post.[16][17] Following the closure of the Cannon Brewery in 1999, canned Stones has been brewed in Burton upon Trent and keg Stones in Tadcaster.

The cask conditioned variant was brewed by Highgate Brewery of Walsall, Thwaites Brewery of Blackburn and finally Everards of Leicester.[18] It was restored to 4.1 per cent ABV and its original recipe in August 2006, with Coors claiming that it would be "like [how] Stones used to taste."[19] The product was discontinued in 2011.

In 2006 Off License News identified the canned variant as "continuing a slow but sure decline that has seen its status redefined from national brand to Yorkshire regional over the last decade."[20] As of 2012 Stones Bitter is among the twenty highest selling ales in the United Kingdom, with estimated annual volumes at over 100,000 hectolitres.[21]

Recipe and flavour[edit]

The recipes for brewery conditioned and cask conditioned Stones differed:

Brewery conditioned Stones is brewed with a blend of hops from America (Columbus and Zeus) and Europe (Magnum and Admiral). The barley variety used is Pearl. The beer comes in kegs and 440ml cans, and is described as having a "fragrant grapefruit-citrus hop aroma, [which] cuts through a characteristically sulphury background with a fruity edge. The unusual salts balance ensures that the bitterness isn’t dry."[22]

Cask conditioned Stones used Challenger hops, and was dry hopped with English Goldings. It was described as having an aroma of hops, sulphur and grapefruit, with a salty, moreish and zesty taste.[23]

Advertising[edit]

A major television campaign ran nationally from 1983 until 1991 with the tagline (coined by playwright Peter Whelan): "(Wherever you may wander) there's no taste like Stones".[24][25] The series initially starred Bernard Hill and Tony Barton, although Hill was replaced by Michael Angelis from 1984 onwards. The advertisements followed the characters of Jeff and Dave as they got into scrapes in various overseas locations, with humorous results. By 1987 it had become the UK's longest running bitter campaign of all time.[26]

From 1993 Stones was only advertised in the north of England.[27] The 1994-96 "Sheffield Gold" campgain was set in a steel foundry: a nod to the city's heritage, although it was filmed in the Czech Republic because Sheffield's own foundries were considered to be too clean and automated for the desired gritty and industrial effect.[28] A spokesman for Bass explained: "We wanted sparks and goggles."[29] It was to be the final major marketing push for Stones, and as of 2012 the only marketing support for the brand is the provision of Stones branded glassware and bar merchandise for regular stockists.

Sponsorships[edit]

Stones Bitter famously sponsored the Rugby Football League Championship from 1986 to 1995, and then its successor the Rugby Super League from 1996–7.[30][31] A 1986–8 set of poster advertisements with the tagline: "Stones. Sheer poetry." supported the sponsorship. In 1995 and 1996 Stones sponsored the Doncaster Handicap and the Park Hill Stakes horse racing events.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sheffield to lose third big brewery as Bass bitter sales decline". Yorkshire Post. 4 November 1997. 
  2. ^ "End of an era at brewery". Grimsby Evening Telegraph. 15 December 1998. 
  3. ^ a b c "Real-ale drinkers dealt bitter blow as Stones falls prey to thirst for lager". Yorkshire Post. 4 November 1997. 
  4. ^ Gooding, Keith (15 May 1969). "Britain's Thirst for Variety in Beer". Financial Times. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gutzke, David W. (May 2008). "Project MUSE – Histoire sociale/Social history – Runcorn Brewery: The Unofficial History of a Corporate Disaster". muse.jhu.edu. Retrieved 28 November 2011. Stones 
  6. ^ [1] CAMRA Hertfordshire Newsletter, February 1979, No. 13
  7. ^ "Project MUSE – Histoire sociale/Social history – Runcorn Brewery: The Unofficial History of a Corporate Disaster". Muse.jhu.edu. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  8. ^ Competition Commission 2001 Report, Chapter 4: The Market
  9. ^ "Hesket-new-Market brewery appoints new manager". Cumberland and Westmorland Herald. 25 May 2002. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Champion Beer of Britain". CAMRA. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "Brewing from the heart". Morning Advertiser. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2012. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Greenwood Tighe PR wins the Stones Bitter account". PR Week. 14 October 1993. 
  13. ^ Rawstorne, Philip (8 June 1993). "Brewers Criticised for Weakening Beers". Financial Times. 
  14. ^ S. Westwood (12 December 1996). Imagining Cities: Scripts, Signs, Memories. Taylor & Francis. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-415-14429-2. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  15. ^ http://www.competition-commission.org.uk/rep_pub/reports/1997/fulltext/400c4.pdf Competition Commission Beer Report 1997, Chapter 4: The Market
  16. ^ "30 years & counting". InnSpire 50: The Story So Far... Chesterfield CAMRA. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  17. ^ "The Streets of Leeds, Street Lane, Leeds". Yorkshire Evening Post. 17 May 2001. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  18. ^ Ale Cry, Vol. 19, West Lancs CAMRA Branch Newsletter, No.3 Autumn 2004.
  19. ^ "Pub & Brewery News". Chesterfield CAMRA Newsletter. August 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  20. ^ "Favour for old faithful styles". Off License News. 10 November 2006.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  21. ^ Alcoholic Drinks: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics, 2012
  22. ^ "Our Drinks Range". Molson Coors. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  23. ^ "Stones Bitter". Cyclops Beer. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  24. ^ Published on Wednesday 3 September 2003 12:57 (3 September 2003). "Tony will Corrie on regardless – Lifestyle – The Visitor". Thevisitor.co.uk. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  25. ^ "Old? I'm just getting into my stride...". The Daily Telegraph (London). 12 April 1997. 
  26. ^ "New Campaigns". Campaign. 18 December 1987. 
  27. ^ "Private View". Campaign. 11 June 1993. 
  28. ^ Chuck Anderson (1 January 2002). "7". The Big Lie: The Truth about Advertising. Random Thoughts, Limited. ISBN 978-0-9513573-3-0. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  29. ^ Cope, Nigel (23 November 1994). "Pembroke: Now: a boss's pounds 12m pay cut". The Independent. 
  30. ^ "Rugby League: League secures a new sponsor in pounds 400,000 deal" The Times (London). Friday, 11 April 1986.
  31. ^ Booth, John (24 August 1997). "p12". The Observer.