Stonington (borough), Connecticut
Known as "The Borough" to locals, the densely built Borough of Stonington occupies a point of land that projects into Little Narragansett Bay. It has two main streets that link two squares: Cannon Square and Wadawanuck Square, named for the former Wadawanuck Hotel that brought wealthy visitors in the post-Civil War era. The lack of through traffic or modern industry, together with the borough's role as a fashionable summer residence, have preserved its colonial, Federal, and outstanding Greek revival domestic architecture, while the activity of one of Connecticut's last remaining fishing and lobstering fleets keep it from being simply a quaint, historic village. There is a large community of Portuguese descent.
On August 30, 1775, during the American Revolutionary War, a tender chased two small private sloops into Stonington Harbor. When it was discovered that the sloops had made it to the dock and discharged their passengers, the tender fired a broadside into the dockside towns and stores before sailing out of the harbor again. It returned later in the company of another tender and the HMS Rose. All three ships then bombarded the town throughout the day. The local militia assembled and returned fire, claiming to have killed five or six men aboard the ships. 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²), of which 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²), or 50.72%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,032 people, 556 households, and 260 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,071.2 people per square mile (1,171.9/km²). There were 723 housing units at an average density of 2,151.6/sq mi (821.0/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.90% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.
There were 556 households out of which 13.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.1% were non-families. 46.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.82 and the average family size was 2.54.
In the borough the population was spread out with 12.8% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $53,000, and the median income for a family was $78,324. Males had a median income of $43,472 versus $34,375 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,444. About 3.3% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
Stonington Borough is home to several restaurants: Dogwatch Cafe, Water Street Cafe, Zack's Bar and Grille, Swooner, and Noahs Restaurant.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Stonington borough, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- "Bombardment of Stonington Harbor". New York Gazette. 11 September 1775. Retrieved 2014-08-05.
- U.S. Census Bureau Accessed September 15, 2008.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.