Stonor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°36′07″N 0°56′20″W / 51.602°N 0.939°W / 51.602; -0.939

Stonor
Whitepond Farm, Stonor - geograph.org.uk - 39067.jpg
Whitepond Farm, Stonor
Stonor is located in Oxfordshire
Stonor
Stonor
 Stonor shown within Oxfordshire
Population 337 (parish, with Pishill & Russell's Water) (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU7388
Civil parish Pishill with Stonor
District South Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Henley-on-Thames
Postcode district RG9
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Henley
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Stonor is a village about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Henley-on-Thames in South Oxfordshire, England. It is located in the Stonor valley in the Chiltern Hills about 300 feet (91 m) above sea level. The nearby Stonor House has been the home of the Stonor family for more than eight centuries. The house and park are open to the public at certain times of the year. The house has a 12th-century private chapel built of flint and stone, with an early brick tower. There are also signs of a prehistoric stone circle in the park.[2]

History[edit]

For most of its history Stonor was called Upper Assendon and was a hamlet in an exclave of Pyrton parish. In 1896 the detached part was made into a new civil parish of Stonor, named after the adjacent country house at Stonor Park. In 1922 Stonor and Pishill civil parishes were merged.[3]

During and after the English Reformation the Stonor family and many other local gentry were recusants. In 1581 the Jesuit priests Edmund Campion and Robert Parsons lived and worked at Stonor Park, and on 4 August 1581 a raid on the house found a press on which Roman Catholic publications had secretly been printed. The elderly Lady Cecily Stonor, her son John, the Jesuit priest William Hartley, the printers and four servants were taken prisoner, and in 1585 Hartley was exiled.[3] Despite continued prosecutions and fines the Stonors and a number of Upper Assendon families remained Roman Catholic throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, attending Mass at the Stonors' 12th century private chapel. Between 1716 and 1756 John Talbot Stonor, Vicar Apostolic of the Midland District used Stonor Park as his headquarters.[3] In the first half 19th century the number of Roman Catholics in Upper Assendon increased, partly by local people converting, possibly aided by the fact that the only local school at the time was a Roman Catholic one endowed by the Stonors. The 1851 census recorded 50 Catholics in the village, but in the final quarter of the 19th century the numbers sharply declined.[3]

Stone circle[edit]

The house was built on the site of a prehistoric stone circle or henge and this has given it its name. The remains of the circle are still visible with one stone incorporated into the south-east corner of the chapel.[2] See the Stonor Park article for a more detailed description of the circle.

Amenities[edit]

Stonor Cricket Club was founded in 1797. It has occupied its current ground next to Stonor Park for more than a century.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Pishill with Stonor CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Stonor stone circle Stonor estate website. Accessed April 2012
  3. ^ a b c d Lobel, 1964, pages 98-115
  4. ^ Stonor Cricket Club

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Stonor at Wikimedia Commons