Stony Plain (electoral district)

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Stony Plain
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta electoral district
StonyPlain in Alberta.jpg
2010 boundaries
Provincial electoral district
Legislature Legislative Assembly of Alberta
MLA
 
 
 
Ken Lemke
Progressive Conservative
District created 1905
First contested 1905
Last contested 2008

Stony Plain originally styled Stonyplain is a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada. The district is mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta using the first past the post method of voting. From 1926 to 1957 Single Transferable Vote was used in the district.

The district was created in 1905 when Alberta became a province. The riding in its original boundaries stretched from the west Edmonton city limits to the British Columbia border. In 100 years the riding has significantly decreased in size to a small fraction of its former area. The riding was named Stonyplain from 1905 to 1909 before being changed to Stony Plain in the 1909 boundary re-distribution.

History[edit]

The electoral district of Stony Plain originally styled Stonyplain has existed since the province of Alberta was created in 1905. The riding was renamed to Stony Plain in 1909 and has kept that name since. The original boundaries of the riding took it to the British Columbia from Edmonton city limits but it has since shrunk to a fraction of its original size.[1]

The 2010 boundary redistribution saw the riding transfer land north of Alberta Highway 16 to the electoral district of Whitecourt-Ste. Anne.

Boundary history[edit]

Members of the Legislative Assembly for Stony Plain[3]
Assembly Years Member Party
1st 1905–1909 John McPherson Liberal
2nd 1909–1913
3rd 1913–1917 Conrad Weidenhammer Conservative
4th 1917–1921 Frederick Lundy
5th 1921–1926 Willard Washburn United Farmers
6th 1926–1930
7th 1930–1935 Donald Macleod
8th 1935–1939 William Hayes Social Credit
1939–1940 Vacant
9th 1940–1944 Cornelia Wood Social Credit
10th 1944–1948
11th 1948–1952
12th 1952–1955
13th 1955–1959 John McLaughlin Liberal
14th 1959–1963 Cornelia Wood Social Credit
15th 1963–1967
1967 Independent Social Credit
16th 1967–1971 Ralph Jespersen Social Credit
17th 1971–1975 William Purdy Progressive Conservative
18th 1975–1979
19th 1979–1982
20th 1982–1986
21st 1986–1989 Jim Heron
22nd 1989–1993 Stan Woloshyn NDP
1993 Progressive Conservative
23rd 1993–1997
24th 1997–2001
25th 2001–2004
26th 2004–2008 Fred Lindsay
27th 2008–present

Electoral history[edit]

The electoral district of Stony Plain was created when the province was first formed in 1905. It is one of only a couple districts to survive intact for every boundary redistribution.

The first election in 1905 saw a three way battle which was handily won by Liberal candidate John McPherson. He was re-elected in 1909 and stood for a third term in 1913 before being defeated by Conservative party candidate Conrad Weidenhammer.

Weidenhammer only represented the district before retiring in 1917. Conservative Frederick Lundy won a tight race to hold the district. He ran for a second term in the 1921 election but was defeated by United Farmers candidate Willard Washburn in a landslide.

Washburn held the district for two terms before retiring in 1930. The United Farmers ran candidate Donald Macleod who held the district in a tight race over Liberal candidate George Bryan. Macleod was defeated in 1935 finished a very distant third place to Social Credit candidate William Hayes.

Hayes died on April 2, 1939 vacating his seat.[4] The vacancy would not be filled before the 1940 election. Cornelia Wood was nominated to be the Social Credit candidate, she won the district for her party in a tight race that went to ballot transfers. Wood was re-elected for three terms before being defeated by Liberal candidate John McLaughlin in 1955. McLaughlin would be defeated by Wood again in 1959. The two ran against each other twice more with Wood coming up the winner each time.

Wood lost her nomination race to run as the Social Credit candidate again in the 1967 general election to Ralph Jespersen.[5] She later left the Social Credit caucus on April 24, 1967 to run as an Independent Social Credit candidate.[6] She would be defeated finishing a distant fourth place in a landslide by Jespersen.

Jespersen would only last a single term in office before being defeated by William Purdy in the 1971 general election. Purdy was re-elected three more times before retiring at dissolution in 1986. His replacement in the legislature was Progressive Conservative candidate Jim Heron. Heron served a term in office before being defeated by New Democrat Stan Woloshyn.

Woloshyn only stayed with the NDP caucus for a few years before crossing the floor to the Progressive Conservative caucus on February 23, 1993. He ran for re-election as a Progressive Conservative that year and won. In 1996 Premier Ralph Klein appointed him to the provincial cabinet. He won re-election again in 1997 and 2001 before retiring in 2004.

Fred Lindsay replaced Woloshyn in 2004 as the Progressive Conservative MLA for the riding and was re-elected in 2008.

Stony Plain is currently represented by former Mayor Ken Lemke who won for the Progressive Conservatives in the 2012 Election.

Legislature results[edit]

1905 general election[edit]

1905 Alberta general election results[7] Turnout N/A Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Liberal John McPherson 354 57.94% *
     Independent Dan Brox 187 30.61% *
     Conservative Conrad Weidenhammer 70 11.45% *
Total 611 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown
Unknown Eligible Electors
     Liberal pickup new district Swing N/A

1909 general election[edit]

1909 Alberta general election results[8] Turnout 83.79% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Liberal John McPherson 398 43.74% -14.20%
     Independent Dan Brox 250 27.47% * -3.14%
     Independent Charlie Cropley 154 16.92% *
     Conservative John McKinley 108 11.87% 0.42% *
Total 910 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown
1,086 Eligible Electors
     Liberal hold Swing -8.67%

1913 general election[edit]

1913 Alberta general election results[9] Turnout 80.15% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Conservative Conrad Weidenhammer 577 61.06% 49.19% *
     Liberal John McPherson 368 38.94% -4.80%
Total 945 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown
1,179 Eligible Electors
     Conservative pickup from Liberal Swing 27.00%

1917 general election[edit]

1917 Alberta general election results[10] Turnout Unknown Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Conservative Frederick Lundy 744 51.35% -9.71% *
     Liberal F.A. Smith 705 48.65% 9.71% *
Total 1,449 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown
Unknown Eligible Electors
     Conservative hold Swing -9.71%

1921 general election[edit]

1921 Alberta general election results[11] Turnout 74.25% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     United Farmers Willard Washburn 1001 50.03% *
     Liberal Jake Miller 647 32.33% -16.32% *
     Conservative Frederick Lundy 306 15.29% -36.06%
     Independent Dan Brox 47 2.35% *
Total 2,001 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown
2,695 Eligible Electors
     United Farmers pickup from Conservative Swing 33.18%

1926 general election[edit]

1926 Alberta general election results[12] Turnout 74.25% 1st Count Swing
Affiliation Candidate 1st % 2nd 3rd % Party Personal
     United Farmers Willard Washburn 759 40.72% 938 65.92% -9.31%
     Conservative Frederick Lundy 414 22.21% 485 34.08% 6.92%
     Liberal Richard Oatway 368 19.74% -12.59% *
     Independent Liberal M. McKinley 323 17.33% *
Total 1,864 100% ? 1,423 100%
Exhausted Ballots 0 ? ?
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 203
2,997 Eligible Electors
     United Farmers hold 1st Count Swing -8.12%

1930 general election[edit]

1930 Alberta general election results[13] Turnout 69.21% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     United Farmers Donald Macleod 1,406 53.00% 12.28% *
     Liberal George Bryan 1,247 47.00% 27.26% *
Total 2,653 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 219
4,150 Eligible Electors
     United Farmers hold Swing 19.77%

1935 general election[edit]

1935 Alberta general election results[14] Turnout 82.83% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit William Hayes 2,832 59.16% *
     Liberal George Bryan 1,472 30.75% -16.25%
     United Farmers Donald Macleod 312 6.52% -46.48%
     Conservative R.C. Johnson 171 3.57% *
Total 4,787 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 177
5,993 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit pickup from United Farmers Swing 37.71%

1940 general election[edit]

1940 Alberta general election results[15] Turnout 72.63% 1st Count Swing
Affiliation Candidate 1st % 2nd 3rd % Party Personal
     Social Credit Cornelia Wood 1,914 44.72% 2,195 57.75% -14.44% *
     Independent W.J. Connolly 1,228 28.69% 1,606 42.25% *
     Co-operative Commonwealth T.J. Hardwick 942 22.01% *
     Independent Farmer George Bevington 196 4.58% *
Total 4,280 100% ? 3,801 100%
Exhausted Ballots 0 ? ?
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 168
6,124 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold 1st Count Swing -21.57%

1944 general election[edit]

1944 Alberta general election results[16] Turnout 69.96% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Cornelia Wood 2,557 65.10% 7.35%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Harold Anderson 1,371 34.90% 12.89% *
Total 3,928 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 48
5,683 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing 10.12%

1948 general election[edit]

1948 Alberta general election results[17] Turnout 68.92% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Cornelia Wood 2,188 53.41% -11.69%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Harold Anderson 1,037 25.31% -9.59%
     Liberal William Robertson 872 21.28% *
Total 4,097 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 222
6,267 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing -10.64%

1952 general election[edit]

1952 Alberta general election results[18] Turnout 68.73% 1st Count Swing
Affiliation Candidate 1st % 2nd % Party Personal
     Social Credit Cornelia Wood 1,991 46.62% 2,177 58.73% -6.79%
     Co-operative Commonwealth John Evien 1,218 28.52% 1,530 41.27% 3.21% *
     Liberal Charles Wudel 1,062 24.86% 3.58% *
Total 4,271 100% 3,707 100%
Exhausted Ballots 0 564
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 345
6,716 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold 1st Count Swing -5.00%

1955 general election[edit]

1955 Alberta general election results[19] Turnout 71.43% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Liberal John McLaughlin 2,865 52.95% 28.09% *
     Social Credit Cornelia Wood 1,788 33.04% -13.58%
     Co-operative Commonwealth John Evien 758 14.01% -14.51%
Total 5,411 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 427
8,173 Eligible Electors
     Liberal pickup from Social Credit Swing 20.84%

1959 general election[edit]

1959 Alberta general election results[20] Turnout 66.22% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Cornelia Wood 2,880 46.47% 13.43%
     Liberal John McLaughlin 2,091 33.73% -19.22%
     Progressive Conservative Robert Clarkson 1,227 19.80% *
Total 6,198 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 29
9,403 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit pickup from Liberal Swing 16.33%

1963 general election[edit]

1963 Alberta general election results[21] Turnout 62.28% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Cornelia Wood 2,716 41.83% -4.64%
     Liberal John McLaughlin 1,921 29.59% -4.14%
     Progressive Conservative Peter Germaniuk 903 13.91% -5.89 *
     Alberta Unity Movement Rudolph Zander 595 9.16% *
     NDP Conrad Fuhr 358 5.51% *
Total 6,493 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 12
10,445 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing -4.39%

1967 general election[edit]

1967 Alberta general election results[22] Turnout 64.94% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Ralph Jespersen 2,316 36.43% -5.40% *
     NDP Maurice McCullagh 1,855 29.18% 23.67% *
     Progressive Conservative Frank Flanagan 1,670 26.26% 12.35% *
     Independent Social Credit Cornelia Wood 517 8.13% * -33.70%
Total 6,358 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 31
9,838 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit pickup from Independent Social Credit Swing -14.54%

1971 general election[edit]

1971 Alberta general election results[23] Turnout 68.83% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative William Purdy 3,348 48.48% 22.22% *
     Social Credit Ralph Jespersen 2,788 40.37% 3.94%
     NDP Michael Crowson 770 11.15% -18.03% *
Total 6,906 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 44
10,098 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative pickup from Social Credit Swing 13.08%

1975 general election[edit]

1975 Alberta general election results[24] Turnout 58.82% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative William Purdy 5,109 63.53% 15.05%
     Social Credit Dean Throness 1,113 13.84% -26.53% *
     NDP Jim Bell 923 11.48% 0.33% *
     Liberal Betty Howery 628 7.81% *
     Independent Progressive Conservative Arthur Killoran 269 3.34% *
Total 8,042 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 28
13,720 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 20.79%

1979 general election[edit]

1979 Alberta general election results[25] Turnout 61.17% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative William Purdy 6,927 58.94% -3.59%
     Social Credit Oscar Venoasen 2,274 19.35% 5.51% *
     Liberal Andy McKinnon 1,250 10.64% 2.83% *
     NDP Sara Johnson 1,218 10.36% -1.12% *
     Independent Conservative Eleanor Louden 83 0.71% *
Total 11,752 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined ?
19,212 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -4.55%

1982 general election[edit]

1982 Alberta general election results[26] Turnout 66.98% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative William Purdy 10,210 59.77% 0.83%
     NDP Jim Bell 2,905 17.01% 6.65% *
     Western Canada Concept John Parkes 2,337 13.68% *
     Independent Ernie Clintberg 1,048 6.14% *
     Social Credit Ralph Eikeland 299 1.75% -17.60% *
     Alberta Reform Movement Murray Fuhr 202 1.18% *
     Independent Dick Martens 80 0.47% *
Total 17,081 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 14
25,523 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -3.74%

1986 general election[edit]

1986 Alberta general election results[27] Turnout 66.98% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Jim Heron 4,535 43.63% -16.14% *
     NDP Rick Hardy 3,046 29.30% 12.29% *
     Representative Ernie Clintberg 1,343 12.92% * 6.78%
     Liberal Ed Wilson 1,285 12.36% *
     Western Canada Concept Richard Dougherty 186 1.79% -11.89% *
Total 10,395 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 12
21,923 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -14.22%

1989 general election[edit]

1989 Alberta general election results[28] Turnout 55.10% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     NDP Stan Woloshyn 4,699 37.32% 8.02% *
     Progressive Conservative Jim Heron 4,604 36.56% -7.07%
     Liberal Dan Fitze 2,732 21.70% 9.34% *
     Social Credit John Torringa 557 4.42% *
Total 12,592 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 8
22,866 Eligible Electors
     NDP pickup from Progressive Conservative Swing 7.55%

1993 general election[edit]

1993 Alberta general election results[29] Turnout 60.12% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Stan Woloshyn 4,855 41.32% 4.76% 4.00%
     Liberal Albert Schatzke 4,607 39.21% 17.51% *
     NDP Laurence Johnson 1,481 12.60% -23.96% *
     Social Credit Gary Morton 674 5.74% 1.32% *
     Natural Law Lois Burger 133 1.13% *
Total 11,750 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 14
19,569 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold from floor crossing Swing -10.76%

1997 general election[edit]

1997 Alberta general election results[30] Turnout 60.00% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Stan Woloshyn 6,267 48.92% 7.60%
     Liberal Peter Marchiel 3,906 30.49% -8.72% *
     Social Credit Pat Hansard 1,742 13.60% 7.86% *
     NDP Felice Young 895 6.99% -5.61% *
Total 12,810 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 20
21,383 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 8.16%

2001 general election[edit]

2001 Alberta general election results[31] Turnout 58.04% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Stan Woloshyn 9,197 67.20% 18.28%
     Liberal Monika Cappis 3,228 23.59% -6.90% *
     NDP Stephen Lindop 1,261 9.21% 2.22% *
Total 13,686 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 52
23,668 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 12.59%

2004 general election[edit]

2004 Alberta general election results[32] Turnout 48.32% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Fred Lindsay 5,581 44.51% -22.69% *
     Liberal Bill Fraser 3,381 26.97% 3.38% *
     Alberta Alliance Marilyn Burns 1,904 15.19% *
     NDP Ruth Yanor 1,362 10.86% 1.65% *
     Social Credit Henry Neumann 310 2.47% *
Total 12,538 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 67
26,086 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -13.04%

2008 general election[edit]

2008 Alberta general election results[33] Turnout 42.29% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Fred Lindsay 8,467 63.38% 18.87%
     Liberal Bill Fraser 2,552 19.10% -7.87%
     NDP Shelina Brown 976 7.31% -3.55% *
     Wildrose Alliance Sandy Pariseau 793 5.94% -9.25% *
Greens Nora Shea 571 4.27% *
Total 13,359 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 56
31,720 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 13.37%

2012 general election[edit]

2012 Alberta general election Turnout % Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Ken Lemke % *
     Liberal Arlin Biffert % *
     NDP Linda Robinson % *
     Wildrose Hal Tagg % *
     Alberta Party Kurtis Ewanchuk % % *
Total ' 100%
Rejected Ballots '
Eligible Electors
     Swing %

Senate nominee results[edit]

2004 Senate nominee election district results[edit]

2004 Senate nominee election results: Stony Plain[34] Turnout 48.33%
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Votes % Ballots Rank
     Progressive Conservative Cliff Breitkreuz 5,469 16.67% 50.51% 3
     Progressive Conservative Betty Unger 4,753 14.49% 43.90% 2
     Independent Link Byfield 3,783 11.53% 34.94% 4
     Progressive Conservative Bert Brown 3,684 11.23% 34.03% 1
     Alberta Alliance Michael Roth 2,978 9.08% 27.51% 7
     Alberta Alliance Gary Horan 2,690 8.20% 24.85% 10
     Alberta Alliance Vance Gough 2,591 7.90% 23.93% 8
     Progressive Conservative David Usherwood 2,364 7.21% 21.83% 6
     Progressive Conservative Jim Silye 2,322 7.07% 21.45% 5
     Independent Tom Sindlinger 2,173 6.62% 20.07% 9
Total Votes 32,807 100%
Total Ballots 10,827 3.03 Votes Per Ballot
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 1,779

Voters had the option of selecting 4 Candidates on the Ballot

2012 Senate nominee election district results[edit]

Plebiscite results[edit]

1948 Electrification Plebiscite[edit]

District results from the first province wide plebiscite on electricity regulation.

Option A Option B
Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being continued by the Power Companies? Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being made a publicly owned utility administered by the Alberta Government Power Commission?
1,360     35.88% 2,430     64.12%
Province wide result: Option A passed.

1957 liquor plebiscite[edit]

1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Stony Plain[35]
Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 2,372 72.01%
No 922 27.99%
Total Votes 2,864 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 38
8,663 Eligible Electors, Turnout 38.64%

On October 30, 1957 a stand alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the then current provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.[36]

The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments.[35]

Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Stony Plain voted in favour of the proposal by a landslide majority. Voter turnout in the district was abysmal falling well under the province wide average of 46%.[35]

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957.[35] The Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding.[37] However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an entirely new Liquor Act.[38]

Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.[39]

Student Vote results[edit]

2004 Student Vote[edit]

Participating Schools[40]
High Park School
John Paul II School
Muir Lake School
Seba Beach School
St. Johns School of Alberta
St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic High School
Wabamun School

On November 19, 2004 a Student Vote was conducted at participating Alberta schools to parallel the 2004 Alberta general election results. The vote was designed to educate students and simulate the electoral process for persons who have not yet reached the legal majority. The vote was conducted in 80 of the 83 provincial electoral districts with students voting for actual election candidates. Schools with a large student body that reside in another electoral district had the option to vote for candidates outside of the electoral district then where they were physically located.

2004 Alberta Student Vote results[41]
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     Progressive Conservative Fred Lindsay 297 38.27%
     NDP Ruth Yanor 183 23.58%
     Liberal Bill Fraser 124 15.98%
     Alberta Alliance Marilyn Burns 123 15.85%
     Social Credit Henry Neumann 49 6.32%
Total 776 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 19

2012 Student vote[edit]

2012 Alberta Student Vote results
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     Progressive Conservative Ken Lemke %
     Wildrose Hal Tagg %
     Liberal Arlin Biffert %
     Alberta Party %
     NDP Linda Robinson %
Total ' 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Proposed Electoral Division Areas, Boundaries, and Names for Alberta". Alberta Electoral Boundaries Commission. June 2010. p. 22. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "E‑4.1". Statutes of the Province of Alberta. Government of Alberta. 2003. pp. 68–69. 
  3. ^ "Members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta 1905-2006". Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Retrieved February 27, 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Premier Attends Members Funeral". Vol XXXII No. 97 (Lethbridge Daily Herald). p. 5. 
  5. ^ "Socred MLA Turned Aside". Vol. LX No. 53 (The Lethbridge Daily Herald). February 13, 1967. p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Former MLA says 'Meeting Mishandled'". Vol. LX No. 122 (Lethbridge Daily Herald). April 24, 1967. p. 1. 
  7. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1905 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1909 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1913 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1917 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1921 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1926 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1930 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1935 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1940 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1944 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1948 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1952 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1955 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1959 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1963 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1967 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1971 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1975 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1979 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1982 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1986 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1989 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1993 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Stony Plain Official Results 1997 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  31. ^ "2001 Statement of Official results Stony Plain". Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Stony Plain Statement of Official Results 2004 Alberta general election" (PDF). Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  33. ^ The Report on the March 3, 2008 Provincial General Election of the Twenty-seventh Legislative Assembly. Elections Alberta. July 28, 2008. pp. 540–543. 
  34. ^ "Senate Nominee Election 2004 Tabulation of Official Results" (PDF). Elections Alberta. Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
  35. ^ a b c d Alberta Gazette 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2,247–2,249. 
  36. ^ "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273 (The Lethbridge Herald). October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2. 
  37. ^ "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267 (The Lethbridge Herald). October 24, 1957. p. 1. 
  38. ^ "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72 (The Lethbridge Herald). March 5, 1958. p. 1. 
  39. ^ "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40. 
  40. ^ "School by School results". Student Vote Canada. Retrieved 2008-04-27. [dead link]
  41. ^ "Riding by Riding Results - the Candidates". Student Vote Canada. Retrieved 2008-04-19. [dead link]

External links[edit]