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Draught of Stora Sofia
|Career (Denmark & Norway)|
|Builder:||Slottö shipyard in Nakskov|
|Fate:||Sank on 25 May 1645 near Buskär|
|Length:||147½ Danish feet|
|Beam:||34 Danish feet|
|Draught:||14⅓ Danish feet|
Construction and design
The ship was built in 1627 on the Slottö shipyard in Nakskov in Denmark after a design of Scottish shipbuilder Daniel Sinclair. Stora Sofia was the flagship of the navy of the Danish king Christian IV. She was armed with 44 cannons on three decks; according to contemporary sources, she had four 48-pounders, eighteen 24-pounders, twenty 8-pounders and several smaller cannons.
During the short Torstenson War between Denmark-Norway and Sweden in 1645, Denmark put an embargo on the young city of Göteborg, founded in 1621. Stora Sofia was the flagship of a Danish fleet under admiral Ove Gjedde that was ordered to enforce the embargo. Shortly after the arrival of the fleet, a storm broke loose and threw the Stora Sofia onto the rocks. The ship sank to a depth of 27 metres; her crew was saved.
Discovery of the wreck
The wreck was rediscovered only in 1961. More thorough explorations and archeological studies began in the 1980s.
- The name is also sometimes spelled Sophia or Sancte Sophia
- "Sailing Warships website". Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- Bergstrand, T.: Stora Sofia – från förfall till bevarande; Marinarkeologisk tidskrift 4–2003, pp. 10 –13. Swedish Marine Archeological Society; ISSN 1100-9632.
- Nielsen, E.: Sancte Sophia. Last accessed December 15, 2005.