Storage are biological reserves of metal proteins ions and amino acids, used by organisms. They are found in plant seeds, egg whites, and milk.
Ferritin is an example of a storage protein that stores iron. Iron is a component of heme, which is contained in the transport protein hemoglobin and in cytochromes.
Some storage proteins store amino acids. Storage proteins' amino acids are used in embryonic development of animals or plants. Two amino acid storage proteins in animals are
casein and ovalbumin.
Seeds, particularly of
leguminous plants, contain high concentrations of storage proteins. Up to 25 percent of the dry weight of the seed can be composed of storage proteins. The best known storage protein in wheat is the prolamin gliadin, a component of gluten.
References [ edit ]
Berg, Jeremy M.; Tymoczko, John L. and Stryer, Lubert (2002). Biochemistry (5th ed.). New York: W. H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-3051-0.
Dunwell, J. M.; Khuri, S.; and Gane, P. J. (2000). "Microbial Relatives of the Seed Storage Proteins of Higher Plants: Conservation of Structure and Diversification of Function during Evolution of the Cupin Superfamily". Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 64 (1): 153–179. doi: 10.1128/mmbr.64.1.153-179.2000. PMC 98990. PMID 10704478.
Shewry, P. R., and Halford, N. G. (2002). "Cereal Seed Storage Proteins: Structures, Properties and Role in Grain Utilization". Journal of Experimental Botany 53 (390): 947–958. doi: 10.1093/jexbot/53.370.947. PMID 11912237.