Stord

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This article is about the municipality in Norway. For the island in Western Norway, see Stord (island).
Stord kommune
Municipality
View of the town of Leirvik
View of the town of Leirvik
Coat of arms of Stord kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Stord kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Stord within Hordaland
Stord within Hordaland
Coordinates: 59°48′29″N 05°27′59″E / 59.80806°N 5.46639°E / 59.80806; 5.46639Coordinates: 59°48′29″N 05°27′59″E / 59.80806°N 5.46639°E / 59.80806; 5.46639
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Sunnhordland
Administrative centre Leirvik
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Liv Kari Eskeland (H)
Area
 • Total 143.7 km2 (55.5 sq mi)
 • Land 137.39 km2 (53.05 sq mi)
 • Water 6.31 km2 (2.44 sq mi)
Area rank 358 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 18,425
 • Rank 61 in Norway
 • Density 134.1/km2 (347/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 12.3 %
Demonym Stordabu, Stording[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1221
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.stord.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Stord is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sunnhordland. Stord is sometimes called "Norway in miniature" since it has such a variety of landscapes: coastline, fjords, forests, agricultural land, and mountain areas. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Leirvik, which is also the largest town in the municipality and the whole region of Sunnhordland. Leirvik was declared a town in 1997. Other population centres in the municipality include the large village of Sagvåg and the smaller villages of Litlabø and Grov.[2]

View of the Storddøra, a sculpture located in the Leirvik harbour

General information[edit]

Map of Stord
View of Stord, looking west from Tysnes

The parish of Stordøen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). IN 1863, the northern district of the municipality (population: 2,313) was separated to become the new municipality of Fitjar. On 15 May 1868, the southern district of Stordøen located on the mainland (population: 900) was separated to form the new municipality of Valestrand. On 1 January 1898, the southern part of the island of Huglo (population: 117) was transferred from the neighboring municipality of Fjelberg to Stord. On 1 January 1970, the small uninhabited part of the island of Stord along the Valvatnavågen that belonged to Bømlo was transferred to Stord municipality.[2][3]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the large island of Stord (Old Norse: Storð). The name is old and it was (and still is) used in Icelandic literature meaning "ground" or "earth". Before 1889, the name was written "Stordøen".[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 19 June 1987. The arms shows a yellow twig of holly on a red background. The holly was chosen since it is a common tree in the municipality. The designer was Truls Nygaard.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Stord. It is part of the Sunnhordland deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Stord
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Stord Stord Church Leirvik 1857
Nysæter Nysæter Church Sagvåg 1991

Geography[edit]

Stord is located on the southern half of the island of Stord (the northern part is part of Fitjar municipality). The municipality also includes the islands of Huglo Storstøya, Nautøya, and Føyno. The Hardangerfjorden runs along the southern border of the island municipality, separating it from the municipalities of Kvinnherad, Vindafjord, and Sveio. The Langenuen strait runs along the eastern side, separating it from Tysnes municipality. The Stokksundet and Digernessundet straits runs along the western border, separating it from the municipality of Bømlo. The mountain Mehammarsåto is the highest point in the municipality.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 5,583 —    
1961 7,766 +39.1%
1971 10,607 +36.6%
1981 13,007 +22.6%
1991 14,684 +12.9%
2001 16,241 +10.6%
2011 17,804 +9.6%
2014 18,425 +3.5%
Source: Statistics Norway.

The battle of Stord was fought on or by this island between the Norwegian king Hakon Haraldsson and the Danish king Harald "Bluetooth" Gormsson, supported by Hakon's brother's sons led by Harald "Greycloak" Eiriksson.

Economy[edit]

The 3 largest private employers in Stord municipality are: Kværner Stord AS, Wärtsilä Norway AS and Apply Leirvik AS. Together these three companies employ more than 3000 people.

Aker Stord, situated south of Leirvik on the peninsula of Eldøyane, is the largest yard in Norway. Aker Stord has built the biggest oil production platforms in the world, Gullfaks C and Troll.

Transport[edit]

View of the Triangle Link

An extensive tunnel and bridge system, the Triangle Link, connected Stord to the mainland on 27 December 2000 and to the neighboring island of Bømlo on 30 April 2001. The bridges involved are the Bømla Bridge and Stord Bridge and the tunnel is the Bømlafjord Tunnel. The airport in Stord is Stord Airport, Sørstokken, is located northwest of Sagvåg on the Sørstokken peninsula. On 10 October 2006, Atlantic Airways Flight 670 skidded off the runway at the airport. Four people died.[6][7]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Stord, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Stord is made up of 35 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Stord Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 10
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 5
  Conservative Party Høgre 9
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 3
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 3
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 2
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
  Local Lists Lokale lister 1
Total number of members: 35

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Stord – kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1910). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (11 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 139. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. 
  6. ^ NTB. "Taleregistratoren fra Stord-flyet er lesbar" (in Norwegian). VG. Retrieved May 5, 2007. 
  7. ^ Aviation Safety Network. "Accident description British Aerospace BAe-146-200A". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved May 5, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011.