||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (June 2013)|
|Native name: Stord|
|Area||241 km2 (93 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||749 m (2,457 ft)|
|Density||80.49 /km2 (208.47 /sq mi)|
Stord is an island in the county of Hordaland, Norway. Located in the district of Sunnhordland, the island is covered by Stord (southern part) and Fitjar (northern part) municipalities. The largest settlements are Leirvik, Sagvåg and Fitjar. Stord has an area of 241 square kilometres (93 sq mi).
Fitjar is the village that lies on the northern part of the Island of Stord.
The area around Fitjar has been settled since the Stone Age. At that time the sea was 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) higher than today, which means that it went into Storavatnet(Largewater lake) and far up Fitjar river. The mild climate of the last ice age meant that much of the area was covered by forest, most probably oak, ash and lime, and the area was rich with wildlife, deer and wild boar. Archaeologists said there have been people on Fitjar in 10,000 years, and it's made many discoveries of stone tools around the Fitjar, but these strains were essentially itinerant and was here only for periods of time. By Rimbareid was nevertheless found a Stone Age dwellings under a cairn, which was examined by archaeologist E. de Lange in 1906. This residence is probably from the late stone age, but can also be from the early Bronze Age, since residue showed a square house, while the round house was more common in the stone age.
Fitjar, municipality in Hordaland county, northwestern Sunnhordland is about. 350 islands, islets and reefs on the south side of Selbjørn area, going in from the North Sea of Bømlo and Stord. The majority (114 km2 or 44 sq mi) of Fitjar located on the northwestern part of the island of Stord. Border Control with Bømlo 1995, Aga and Agasøster islands in the east and Vikøy and Gisøy in the north were transferred to Bømlo (approximately 16 km2 or 6.2 sq mi).
Industry and business
Outside the public administration is the industry's most important industry in Fitjar. Most important are the engineering industry. Primary industries are also of great importance. Agriculture is dominated by cattle and sheep farming. Fitjar ranks second after Austevoll Sunnhordland in terms of landed volume of fish.
History and culture
- Rimsvarden is probably from the Bronze Age.
- Fitjar mentioned in our kings. Harald I had a royal residence at Fitjar, and it was there Hakon the Good was mortally wounded in the battle against the sons of Eirik (961).
- Fitjar church, church of wood, built in 1867. In front of the church's Anne Grim's memory support.
- Municipality of arms municipality of arms (designed in the late 1940s, adopted a little later).
- Has a golden helmet against a blue background alludes to the golden helmet Hakon the Good bar in the battle of Fitjar 961
Slate on Stord contains much pyrite. The green stone at Litlabø had operations after pyrite until 1968. On Vikanes have been marble quarries, and on Huglo has limestone quarries been an important source of extra income from 1500-century. Behind the lowlands, along a line from Sagvåg in the southwest to Jektevik in the northeast, rises a hill dragon with peaks of over 700 meters., Highest when Mehammarsåto (749 m above sea level.) furthest to the north. In this mountainous section has various heavy sprinkling large rocks, ma converted basalt lava, ryolittlava, gabbro and granite. Coast to the east is the steady way, but in the south and west, there are many bays and bay, with good harbors.
Industry developing was the main industry in Stord everything from 1920 and from 1946 until the 1970s, worked for more than half of all working within the industry / crafts. Workshop Manufacturing is the main industry with Kværner and Apply Leirvik as the large enterprises. Both concentrates on offshore installations and onshore facilities for oil recovery. Aker Solutions (Aker Stord) built until 1975 super tankers of up to 370,000 tonnes dv. But when the crash of tanker market came, the company went on to build covered to the large production platforms in the North Sea. The year 2000 was 63% of the economically active employees within the trade and service industries, while only 1% were related to primary industries.
History and culture
In Hystadmarkjo can see 12 burial mounds, some of them have given rich finds from the Bronze Age. In Sunnhordlandstunet in Leirvik has Sunnhordland Museum collections their ten buildings from different places in Sunnhordland Mon Ådland lodge, a årestove from the Middle Ages. There is also a rich collection of models made by sculptor Torleiv Agdestein from Stord. Stord Maritime Museum in Leirvik has a rich collection Mon engines. On Litlabø are many interesting remains of about 100 years of mining. Mining Museum. In Leirvik is a great cultural center with a 25-m swimming pool. Stord Church was built in 1857 and restored in 1957. Outside the church is built war memorial to the fallen during the Second World War. Artists are Torleiv Agdestein. Nysæter church was erected in 1992. Stord town status from 1997.