Stowheath

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Stow Heath
West Midlands
Stow Heath
Stow Heath
 Stow Heath shown within the West Midlands
Population 1,381 (Census 2001)
Metropolitan borough Wolverhampton
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wolverhampton
Postcode district WV
Dialling code 01902
Police West Midlands
Fire West Midlands
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Wolverhampton South East
List of places
UK
England
West Midlands

Coordinates: 52°34′53″N 2°05′26″W / 52.5814°N 2.0905°W / 52.5814; -2.0905

Stow Heath is an area and ancient manor in the city of Wolverhampton, West Midlands, located in the east half of the city.

Place name and origins[edit]

The first known recording of the place name Stowheath was in c.1272 as Stowheth, from Old English stow - place of assembly / holy place and hæth - level, open, uncultivated land,[1] so 'the heath of a place called Stow'.[2]

An Earl Kenwulf of Stowheath was said to have fallen at the Battle of Tettenhall (910).[3] Stowheath was one of the two main royal manors in the Wolverhampton area. It included east Wolverhampton, Bilston and part of Willenhall, and was in the direct ownership of the King. The first lord of Stowheath manor was Robert Burnell in the 13th Century, Lord Chancellor of England and Bishop of Bath and Wells.[4]

History[edit]

It is thought that the original manor house was built in Bilston in 1450, a John De Mollesley being the first incumbent. This building exists to this day, as the Greyhound and Punchbowl pub.[5] A hill or tumulus is said to have existed in Stowheath on the Willenhall road, half a mile south west of Neachells, called Stowman's Hill.[6] Thought at various times to be a boundary marker between Wolverhampton, Willenhall, Bilston and Wednesfield,[7] or a low (burial mound). In Isaac Taylor's map of Wolverhampton (1750), the two manors of Deanery and Stowheath are named. In 1851 the manor was held by the Duke of Sutherland, and TW Gifford, Esq.[8] By the end of the 19th Century, almost the whole of Stowheath Manor was held by local family, the Levesons.[9]

Today[edit]

Most of the area consists of 20th Century housing, including the Stowlawn and East Park estates. Stowlawn Primary School is also in the area, as are the pubs, the 'Happy Wanderer' the 'Cleveland Arms' and 'The Angel Inn'. The Stowheath Lane Kitchens delivered meals service is in Stowheath, next door to the Stowheath Garden Centre.

Demography[edit]

Almost a quarter of Stowheath's population (21.2%) are of Indian ethnicity, with the majority of the population (65.3%) classed as White British (English with a possible number of Welsh, Scottish and Northern Irish). 60.2% of residents class their religion as Christian, followed by 13.4% as Hindu. 10.5% of Stowheath's population have no religion.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/heath
  2. ^ Horovitz, David (2005). The Place-Names of Staffordshire. ISBN 0-9550309-0-0. 
  3. ^ Hackwood, Frederick WM (1908). The Annals of Willenhall. Whitehead Bros. 
  4. ^ Upton, Chris (1998). A History of Wolverhampton. Phillimore & Co, Ltd. ISBN 978-1-86077-508-6. 
  5. ^ http://www.staffordshirenewsletter.co.uk/News/The-Greyhound-Punchbowl-saved-for-posterity-by-Butlers.htm Staffordshire Newsletter - The Greyhound and Punchbowl saved for posterity (08/07/2010)
  6. ^ Plot, Robert (1686). The Natural History of Staffordshire. 
  7. ^ Mander, Gerald P. Wolverhampton Antiquary Vol.II. 
  8. ^ >White, William (1851). History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire. 
  9. ^ http://www.localhistory.scit.wlv.ac.uk/history/farley/oldwlv.htm Farley, Keith (1985), Wolverhampton 985 - 1985
  10. ^ http://www.wolverhampton.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/5138E56F-28C8-48EC-85D9-CCAEFBDB587B/0/Stowheath.pdf 2001 Census