Strășeni District

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Strășeni
District (Raion)
Flag of Strășeni
Flag
Coat of arms of Strășeni
Coat of arms
Location of Strășeni
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședință)

Strășeni
Government
 • Raion President Petru Voloșciuc (PLDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 730 km2 (280 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 91,500
 • Density 125.3/km2 (325/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 237
Area code(s) +373 37
Car plates ST
Website http://www.straseni.md

Strășeni is an administrative district (Moldovan: raion) in the central part of Moldova. Its administrative center and leading city is Strășeni. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 91,100. The other principal town is Bucovăț, 26 km (16 mi) to the north of the Moldovan capital. Otherwise the district is divided between rural communities.

Toponymics[edit]

Strășeni is a toponym, of origin polysemantic as legends show in time, the name derived from the word "horrible" (in Romanian "strașnic") and the echo of these events materialize. In name of a hamlet of the forest Codri. Or in another version, outlaws hope nobleman, who travels on the road to Chișinău (19th century), so places were Scary. Another treatment of the toponym, as the traditional occupations linked to the natives. The parties were of Strășeni craftsmen, carpenters, just like a great eaves (in Romanian stresina).

History[edit]

Căpriana monastery, one of the most oldest monastery in Moldova

The present territory of the district is inhabited since the stone age, 30-20.000 BC. Localities with the oldest historical attestation are Căpriana, Dolna, Lozova and Vorniceni, they are first attested in 1420. Căpriana monastery in 1429 received the status of the monastery. The present territory of the district Straseni, was part of the medieval lands Lăpușna County and Orhei County boundary of which is on the Bîc River. In 1545 is remembered by scribes, Strășeni district center. In the 16th-18th centuries, the district develop both economic (trade, agriculture, forestry) and cultural (built monasteries and churches), as there has been a major increase of population. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812-1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918-1940, 1941-1944), the district is part of the Chișinău County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Chișinău County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

See also: Codru Reserve
Landscape of Codri in district

Strășeni district is located in the central part of Republic of Moldova. The neighboring district's are Călăraşi District in north-west, Orhei District in north-east, Criuleni District in east, municipality of Chișinău, Ialoveni District and Hînceşti District in south and Nisporeni in west. District is located on the Central Moldavian Plateau, and Codri forest region. Relief hilly terrain sloping from northwest to southeast, cut by valleys and rivers. Erosion processes with a high intensity. The soil is mainly brown soil forest and gray soil.

Climate[edit]

Temperate continental climate, annual average temperature +10 C. The average temperature in July +22 c, in January from -4-5 C. The annual precipitation 550–650 mm. Average wind speed 3–6 m \ s.

Fauna[edit]

Fauna typical central Europe, with the presence of such mammals such as fox, wild boar, deer, hedgehogs, wild cat, red deer, wolf, raccoon dog, wild cat, ferret and others. Of birds: hawk, crow, stork, eagles, egrets and more. In the past forests were populated district of: brown bear, elk, bull, wisent, disappeared due to excessive hunting, but the deforestation.

Flora[edit]

Forests occupy 36.6% of the district are characterized by the presence of oak, english oak, beech, hornbeam, maple, ash, lime and other trees. From plants: clover, bell, nettle and others.

Rivers[edit]

District is located in the Nistru river basin. The main tributaries that cross the district are: Ichel (102 km) and Bic (152 km). Most lakes have a natural origin. The largest is Ghidighici Reservoir.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Demographics[edit]

1 January 2012 the district population was 91,500 of which 23.7% urban and 76.3% rural population

  • Births (2010): 1163 (12.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1251 (13.7 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): -88 (-1.0 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Old Princely Church (Căpriana monastery), built between 1491-1496 of Stephen the Great
Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 85,910 96.64%
Russians 1,576 1.77%
Ukrainians 985 1.11%
Bulgarians 109 0.12%
Gagauzians 70 0.08%
Others 250 0.28%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

Straseni TV Mast

Main branches of the economy are agriculture and manufacturing in district. Soil and climatic conditions favor the growth of cereals, sunflower, grapes, vegetables, fruit and other crops. Of mineral resources in the district is stone, gravel, pebbles and sand of building in Micauti career. Communication services are provided in Straseni two companies "Moldtelecom" and "Post of Moldova". The territory they are operating 15 factories processing of grapes, a poultry factory in Bucovăţ. Industry district is represented by 17 companies. The largest factory: SA "Marsrut", JSC "Caan" experimental-mechanical plant (included in the national privatization program.

Arable land occupies 18 903 ha (25.9%) of the total agricultural land, vineyards occupy 8292 ha (11.3%), plantations of orchards 3.386 ha (4.6%), 3244 ha grassland (4.4%), 242 ha plantation of fruit trees (0.3%), some 451 ha (0.6%).

Education[edit]

In district active: 42 educational institutions, including: Total number of students: 10,721. Currently the educational institutions of district teacher's operate in 1040.

Politics[edit]

Straseni district, both political and electoral support of right-wing parties in Moldova represented by the AEI. PCRM is in a continuous fall in the last three elections.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 73.0%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 67.00% 28,858 26.44% 11,389
July 2009 62.22% 25,589 32.86% 13,513
April 2009 42.04% 16,680 44.06% 17,479

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Straseni District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 17,719 41.13 +23.06
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 11,389 26.44 −6.42
Liberal Party 5,403 12.54 −8.63
Democratic Party of Moldova 4,862 11,29 -0.73
Party Alliance Our Moldova 874 2.03 −8.93
European Action Movement 865 2.01 +2.01
Other Party 2,412 5.56 +0.64
Total (turnout 58.17%) 43,396 100.00


Culture[edit]

In Straseni works: 72 cultural institutions, a culture house, 32 community centers, clubs, 35 libraries, two art schools, three museums and a famous monastic complex.

Health[edit]

In Straseni district works: a hospital with general fund of 192 beds, a center of family physicians in the composition of which are 15 offices of family doctors, 13 health centers, 9 offices of health, the health district population. District operates: 134 doctors, 297 personal care environment, medical and auxiliary personnel 306.

Transportation[edit]

All localities have regular routes to regional centers and capital. The district is crossed by railways, means of communication used extensively to transport goods by business district, and especially the town Straseni. District is crossed by the M1 road highway (Chisinau-Ungheni).

Referencies[edit]

Coordinates: 47°10′N 28°35′E / 47.167°N 28.583°E / 47.167; 28.583