|Irish: an Srath Bán|
The Catholic church on Barrack Street, Strabane
Strabane shown within Northern Ireland
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||028, +44 28|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
|UK Parliament||West Tyrone|
|NI Assembly||West Tyrone|
Strabane (// strə-BAN; from Irish: An Srath Bán, meaning "the white strath"), historically spelt Straban, is a town in west County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It contains the headquarters of Strabane District Council.
Strabane has a population of around 18,000 and is the second-largest town in Tyrone, after Omagh. It lies on the east bank of the River Foyle and is roughly equidistant from Omagh, Derry and Letterkenny. The River Foyle marks the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. On the other side of the river (across Lifford Bridge) is the smaller town of Lifford, which is the county town of County Donegal. The River Mourne flows through the centre of the town, and meets the River Finn to form the Foyle. Strabane suffered huge economic damage in 1987 when much of the centre of the town was flooded.
In the 1600s the town was settled by Scottish families, an action that preceded the Plantation of Ulster. In 1608 during O'Doherty's Rebellion most of the inhabitants fled to the safety of Lifford following Sir Cahir O'Doherty's Burning of Derry, as it was feared that Strabane would be his next target.
Strabane once had the dubious distinction of the highest unemployment rate in the Industrial World, during the height of The Troubles. It is one of the most economically deprived towns in the United Kingdom.
In August 2005, a Channel 4 television programme presented by property experts The Honourable Kirstie Allsopp and Phil Spencer, named Strabane as the eighth-worst place to live in the United Kingdom, largely because of the high unemployment rate. Strabane had been moved out of the top 20 in the 2007 edition.
Strabane suffered extensive damage during the Troubles, from the early 1970s and continuing throughout much of the 1990s, with bombings and shootings commonplace: Irish Republican paramilitary groups, mainly the Provisional Irish Republican Army, regularly attacked the town's British army and Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) bases. Strabane was once the most bombed town in Europe per size and was the most bombed town in Northern Ireland. Many civilians and members of the security forces were killed or injured in the area over the course of the Troubles.
Many British Army regiments from England, Scotland and Wales served in Strabane at various times during the Troubles. As a result of the Good Friday Agreement, there is no longer a British Army presence in the town.
The Irish gauge 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) Londonderry and Enniskillen Railway (L&ER) reached Strabane in 1847, Omagh in 1852 and Enniskillen in 1854. The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) took over the L&ER in 1883.
The Finn Valley Railway (FV) opened from Strabane to Stranorlar in 1863. The FV was originally Irish gauge but in 1892 it merged with the 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge West Donegal Railway (WD) to form the Donegal Railway and was reduced to the same narrow gauge for through running. The Donegal Railway opened its own line to Derry in 1900. In 1906 the GNR and Northern Counties Committee jointly took over the Donegal Railway, making it the County Donegal Railways Joint Committee. The 3 ft (914 mm) gauge Strabane and Letterkenny Railway opened in 1909 and was worked by the Joint Committee. The narrow gauge lines made Strabane one of the most important railway connections for County Donegal.
The partition of Ireland in 1922 turned the boundary with County Donegal into an international frontier. This changed trade patterns to the railways' detriment and placed border posts on the Joint Committee's FV and S&L lines and on the GNR line to Derry. Stops for customs inspections greatly delayed trains and disrupted timekeeping. Over the next few years customs agreements between the two states enabled GNR trains between Strabane and Derry to pass through the Free State without inspection unless they were scheduled to serve local stations on the west bank of the Foyle, and for goods on all railways to be carried between different parts of the Free State to pass through Northern Ireland under customs bond.
The Joint Committee's Strabane-Derry line was closed in 1954, followed by the remainder of the narrow gauge system in 1960. In 1958 the Ulster Transport Authority took over the remaining GNR lines on the Northern Ireland side of the border. In accordance with The Benson Report submitted to the Northern Ireland Government in 1963, the UTA closed the former GNR line through Strabane to Derry in 1965.
Little trace remains of Strabane's railways except for one old railway building that survives in the town.
The nearest railway station is operated by Northern Ireland Railways and runs from Londonderry railway station via Coleraine to Belfast Central railway station and Belfast Great Victoria Street railway station. The strategically important Belfast-Derry railway line is to be upgraded to facilitate more frequent trains and improvements to the permanent way such as track and signalling to enable faster services.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2011)|
In 1792, the 4 miles (6.4 km) Strabane Canal was built from the tidal waters of Lough Foyle at Leck, to Strabane. It fell into disuse in 1962. In June 2006 the Strabane Lifford Development Commission awarded a £1.3m cross-border waterways restoration contract. The project was launched by President of Ireland, Mary McAleese, in Lifford and involves the restoration of 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of canal and two locks to working order. Work was due to start on the Lough Foyle side of the canal in the summer of 2006. This work was begun but was done to a very poor standard to the extent that the water in the canal is now very dangerous. It was reported in the Strabane Weekly News that a dog went into the canal but fell ill and died as a consequence.[when?]
Strabane is classified as a medium town by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 10,000 and 18,000 people). On Census day, 29 April 2001, there were 13,456 people living in Strabane. By mid-2008 the town's population has grown to over 17,000. Of these:
- 99.3% classed their ethnic group as white
- 93.3% were from a Catholic background and 6.1% were from a Protestant background
- 5.7% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed, of these 43.1% were long-term unemployed.
- 15.6% of people aged 16–59 were claiming incapacity benefit
- 27.6% were aged under 16 years and 13.7% were aged 60 and over
- 51.1% of the population were male and 48.9% were female.
At the local elections in May 2011, members of Strabane District Council were elected from the following political parties: 8 Sinn Féin, 4 Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), 1 Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), 1 Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and 2 Independent Nationalist. The council chairperson for 2013/2014 is Ruairi Mc Hugh (Sinn Féin) and Michelle McMackin (Sinn Féin) is the Vice Chairperson. The Strabane District Council area covers an area of 861.6 km² and according to the 2001 Census, the council area had a total population of 38,250.
Since 1997 Strabane has been part of the United Kingdom parliamentary constituency of West Tyrone, held since 2001 by Sinn Féin's Pat Doherty. From 1983 to 1997 it was part of the Foyle constituency, held during that time by the then-SDLP leader John Hume.
The local Gaelic football team, Strabane Sigersons, and the hurling team, Strabane Seamrogaí, are ever expanding. Owen Roe O'Neill's GAC, Leckpatrick, can also claim part of Strabane with the North part of the town following under their parish umbrella. The Sigerson Cup, the all-Ireland colleges cup for Gaelic football, is named after a native of the town, Dr George Sigerson.
Strabane also has an excellent par 69 parkland golf course. The club celebrated their centenary year in 2009.
Strabane Golf Course is an 18 hole parkland course set in the foothills of the Sperrin Mountains, 1 mile south of the town. Designed by Des Hackett, the course is a par 69 measuring 5,543 metres off the Medal tees (White). The signature hole of the course is the par 4 9th, "The River", as the river Mourne runs along the full length of the hole.
Strabane also has a large number of road runners. The local 10k race which is run in July is well supported by local athletes as well as those from farther afield.
Strabane is also host to the Tyrone Titans, a new franchise in the historic IAFL.
Strabane has an Irish-medium nursery named Naíscoil an tSratha Báin, which was founded in 1994, and a Gaelscoil (primary school). Other Irish language groups including the Craobh Mhic an Chrosáin branch of Conradh na Gaeilge and Gaelphobal, an umbrella group for Irish language organisations, are also active in the Strabane District.
Music and arts
CRAIC (Cultural Revival Among Interested Communities) a cross-border, cross-community group provides music lessons to both adults and children on a voluntary basis in the local Irish language Gaelscoil. The Barret School of Irish Dancing has produced some of Ireland's best Irish dancers, and the local theatre group, The Puddle Alley Players, has won several awards over the years in amateur dramatic competitions.
In 2007, the Alley Arts and Conference Centre opened to the general public, offering a 270-seat theatre, art gallery, tourist information centre and cafe-bar. The Alley has won numerous awards since opening, including Northern Ireland Building of the Year 2008, Allianz Arts and Business Award 2009 and The Green Apple Award 2008. The venue has also hosted the All Ireland Confined Drama Finals (2008) and is the current home of the North West Music Festival, The Stage Write Schools Drama Festival, Sounds Like Summer Music Festival, Strabane Drama Festival and the Johnny Crampsie Music Festival.
Strabane boasts two brass bands. The most successful of the town's bands is Strabane Concert Brass. The band are five times national champions and have represented Ireland at the European Championships on five occasions (finishing as high as 7th in Europe on one occasion). The town's second band (competing in second-tier competition) is St Joseph's Brass Band. Accordion bands have also been a feature of the culture in Strabane's past, with the Mourne Accordion Band and Tom P Mullan Accordion Band. These were succeeded by the Oliver Plunket Band which survived until 2005. The town is currently represented by the Tom P Mullan Memorial Accordion Band, which was formed in 2006.
Strabane plays host to a very popular and successful Saint Patrick's Day Parade each year. This[clarification needed] years parade saw over 40 different groups take part and over 5,000 people on the streets to spectate.
One of Strabane's most notable features are five 20 ft (6.1 m) steel structures on the banks of the river: two dancers and a fiddle player on the Lifford side, a flute player on the Strabane side and a drummer in the middle. Designed by Maurice Harron, they were placed close the site of the former British Army base at the Tyrone-Donegal border. The sculptures were originally named Let The Dance Begin but have since become known affectionately as The Tinneys.
The town is mentioned prominently in a darkly humorous Irish song called "The Hiring Fair", in which the singer is persuaded to apprentice with a nefarious character called "Brady of Strabane".
Education in Strabane is provided by a mixture of infant, primary and secondary schools. The central location of the town allows parents the choice of schools in Derry, Omagh and Donegal. As of 2005, Strabane Grammar School had a 100% achievement rate of grades A-C at GCSE level and a 67% rate of three or more grades A-C at A level. A state-of-the-art secondary school will be opening in 2009.[clarification needed] The school will be joined by Strabane High School, to make a single larger second level school.
Education over the age of sixteen is provided by The North West Institute of Further and Higher Education. This institution offers a wide range of vocational and adult education courses and offers access courses for the University of Ulster at Magee.
Holy Cross College was opened in 2008. It is a state-of-the-art building. It holds over 1500 pupils and 90 teachers. The building was supposed to be built for September 2006 but delayed due to funding.
Places of interest
The wider area surrounding Strabane has many scenic forests and glens. Angling and fishing in the River Mourne is a popular tourist pursuit, particularly between Victoria Bridge and Strabane. Golfing legend Tiger Woods fished this stretch of the river during a recent visit. The town is home to one of Ireland's largest golf courses.
The National Trust owns a Strabane shop in which John Dunlap learnt the printing trade. Dunlap went on to print the United States Declaration of Independence. The house has been visited by several famous people, including former US President Bill Clinton. It is located at the end of the Main Street.Which is now a classic cafe
- Paul Brady – singer songwriter
- Robert Welch - photographer and conchologist
- Ryan Dolan - Singer for Ireland at the Eurovision Song Contest 2013.
- Flann O'Brien – best known pseudonym of Brian O'Nolan, 20th century Irish satirist and humourist. He also wrote under the pseudonym Myles na gCopaleen
- William Burke – 19th century serial killer, from Urney, a Strabane townland
- Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, K.B., – Governor of the Province of Quebec & Governor General of British North America
- Declan Curry – business correspondent on the BBC One Breakfast programme.
- Brian Dooher and Stephen O'Neill – key members of the 2003, 2005 and 2008 All-Ireland winning Tyrone Gaelic football teams. Dooher captained the victorious team in 2005 and 2008. O'Neill was the top-scorer of the 2005 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship.
- Matthew Hamilton Gault, financier and politician at Montreal; uncle of Andrew Gault
- Pearse McAuley – IRA member jailed for the killing of Detective Garda Jerry McCabe
- Hugo Duncan – popular entertainer known as "the wee man from Strabane". "Uncle Hugo" and "Dandy Man Duncan."
- John Dunlap – printer of the United States Declaration of Independence
- Annie Scott Dill Maunder, née Russell – astronomer.
- Rory Patterson - Football striker currently playing for Derry City F.C in the Irish League of Ireland.
- Dr George Sigerson – Gaelic activist and namesake of the Sigerson Cup
- H.G. Simms Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council between 1922 and 1923
- James Stewart – celebrity divorce lawyer.
- In September 2010, The Freshmen were among four Irish showbands featured on a special set of commemorative stamps issued by An Post, Ireland's postal service.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Strabane.|
- "Snapshot: The magazine of Strabane District Council" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- Room, Adrian (2003), Placenames of the world, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, p. 344, ISBN 0-7864-1814-1
- YouTube[dead link]
- Northern Ireland Assembly - Committee for Enterprise, Trade and Investment - Report on Strategy 2010 Inquiry (ANNEX 37, SECTION 2)[dead link]
- "The Best and Worst Places to Live in Britain". Channel4.com. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- "Town shrugs off dismal TV label". BBC News. 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- Northern Ireland Assembly[dead link]
- "Ulster Project International". Ulsterproject.org. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. map 3. ISBN 0-7153-5167-2.
- Hajducki, 1974, map 7
- Patterson, Edward M (1962). The County Donegal Railways. Dawlish: David & Charles. pp. 10–11.
- Hajducki, 1974, map 6
- Hajducki, 1974, page xi
- Hajducki, 1974, map 39
- Baker, Michael H.C. (1972). Irish Railways since 1916. London: Ian Allan. pp. 153, 207. ISBN 0 7110 0282 7.
- "Naíscoil an tSratha Báin". Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- "History of Gaelscoil Uí Dhochartaigh". Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- 4 Bars Rest. "Contest Results Archive". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Maurice Harron-Artist-sculptor". Mauriceharron.com. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- "The Tinneys". Very Derry. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- "Response to Location Location Location programme 10/08/05". 25 July 2005. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- "Department for Employment and Learning". Delni.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- "World Travel Destinations, Culture and History Guide". Geographia. 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- "Bbc News". BBC News. 2008-05-08. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
- "Jail breaker on police killing charge". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- "Dancehall dynamos honoured on stamps". Irishtimes.com. 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2012-05-02.