Strada delle 52 Gallerie

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The passage of the 15th gallery
Road of 52 Tunnels, Road of the first Army
Strada delle 52 gallerie, Strada delle Prima Armata
Inizio strada 52 gallerie.jpg
Road of 52 Tunnels
Road of 52 Tunnels, Road of the first Army is located in Italy
Road of 52 Tunnels, Road of the first Army
Road of 52 Tunnels, Road of the first Army
Coordinates 45°46′44″N 11°13′41″E / 45.779°N 11.228°E / 45.779; 11.228
Type military mule
Site information
Controlled by Kingdom of Italy
Open to
the public
yes
Site history
Built February 6, 1917
Built by Kingdom of Italy
In use Kingdom of Italy
Battles/wars World War I
Top of the 20th tunnel (spiral tunnel)
Strada delle 52 Gallerie
Length 6.5 km (4 mi)
Trailheads Bocchetta Campiglia (1.216 m)
Porte del Pasubio (1.928 m)
Use Hiking
Elevation
Elevation change 750 m (2,460 ft)
Highest point the end of 47th tunnel, 2.000 m (6.562 ft)
Lowest point Bocchetta Campiglia, 1.216 m (3.99 ft)
Grade 22 %
Hiking details
Season summer
Surface rock
Right of way military mule

The Strada delle 52 Gallerie (Road of 52 tunnels) (or Strada della Prima Armata – Road of the First Army) is a military mule road built during World War I on the massif Pasubio in Veneto, Italy.

The road winds between Bocchetta Campiglia (1,216 m) and the Porte del Pasubio (1,934 m) crossing the southern slope of the mountain, outside of the range of Austro-Hungarian artillery, with its spires, deep canyons and sheer rock faces.

Features[edit]

It is 6,555 meters long, of which 2,280 are divided into 52 tunnels excavated from the rock, each tunnel is numbered and characterized by a particular name. The minimum width of 2.20 m was originally intended to allow the transit of two mules with their baggage.

The impressive N. 20 is carved out of a rock tower, and to overcome the difference in height, twists around itself like a corkscrew. Tunnels 41st through 45th runs below the Passo Fontana d'Oro (1,875 m). On leaving the 47th, the highest point of the road (2,000 m), there is a magnificent panorama.

Completion[edit]

It was built from February 6, 1917 to November 1917. A masterpiece of military engineering and boldness (it was produced by the 33rd Company of the Italian Army with the help of six hundred workers), considering the conditions and the time it was built, and the speed of execution. Work began February 6, 1917 and was completed in November 1917.

Its implementation was of great strategic importance because it allowed communication and transfer of supplies from the base to the summit area of Mt. Pasubio. Key aspects of the road include year round access, located outside of enemy artillery range and accessible by mule. These were all problems with the similar road of Scarubbi which is only accessible with motorized vehicles, within the range of the Austrian guns, and only during the summer.

Mountain biking is strictly prohibited due to a number of fatal accidents.

Order of tunnel Name of tunnel Length of tunnel Picture
1 Cap. Zappa 17 metres Galleria n. 1.JPG
2 Gen. D'Havet 65 metres Galleria n. 2.JPG
3 Rovereto 14 metres Galleria n. 3.JPG
4 Battisti 31 metres Galleria n. 4.JPG
5 Oberdan 10 metres Galleria n. 5.JPG
6 Trieste 17 metres Galleria n. 6.JPG
7 Gen. Cascino 35 metres Galleria n. 7.JPG
8 Gen. Cantore 23 metres Galleria n. 8.JPG
9 Gen. Zoppi 78 metres Galleria n. 9.JPG
10 Sauro 12 metres Galleria n. 10.JPG
11 Magg. Randaccio 28 metres Galleria n. 11.JPG
12 Cap. Motti 95 metres Galleria n. 12.JPG
13 Cap. Filzi 27 metres Galleria n. 13.JPG
14 Cap. Melchiori 61 metres Galleria n. 14.JPG
15 Tortona 45 metres Galleria n. 15.JPG
16 Reggio Calabria 74 metres Galleria n. 16.JPG
17 Bergamo 52 metres Galleria n. 17.JPG
18 Parma 46 metres Galleria n. 18.JPG
19 Re 318 metres Galleria n. 19.JPG
20 Gen. Cadorna 86 metres Galleria n. 20.JPG
21 Gen. Porro 20 metres Galleria n. 21.JPG
22 Breganze 8 metres Galleria n. 22.JPG
23 Gen. Capello 18 metres Galleria n. 23.JPG
Order of tunnel Name of tunnel Length of tunnel Picture
24 Bologna 16 metres Galleria n. 24.JPG
25 Aquila 11 metres Galleria n. 25.JPG
26 Napoli 24 metres Galleria n. 26.JPG
27 Cap. Picone 98 metres Galleria n. 27.JPG
28 Genova 14 metres Galleria n. 28.JPG
29 Spezia 31 metres Galleria n. 29.JPG
30 Miss 10 metres Galleria n. 30.JPG
31 Gen. Papa 72 metres Galleria n. 31.JPG
32 Palazzolo 48 metres Galleria n. 32.JPG
33 33ª minatori 57 metres Galleria n. 33.JPG
34 Gen. Giustetti 132 metres Galleria n. 34.JPG
35 Trani 10 metres Galleria n. 35.JPG
36 Gen. Garibaldi 12 metres Galleria n. 36.JPG
37 Balilla 26 metres Galleria n. 37.JPG
38 Torino 29 metres Galleria n. 38.JPG
39 Mantova 53 metres Galleria n. 39.JPG
40 Trento 10 metres Galleria n. 40.JPG
41 26ª minatori 24 metres Galleria n. 41.JPG
42 Macerata 19 metres Galleria n. 42.JPG
43 Polesine 55 metres Galleria n. 43.JPG
44 Zappatori Liguria 22 metres Galleria n. 44.JPG
45 Plotone 25ª minatori 83 metres Galleria n. 45.JPG
46 Piceno 65 metres Galleria n. 46.JPG
47 Pallanza 22 metres Galleria n. 47.JPG
48 Cesena 14 metres Galleria n. 48.JPG
49 Soldato italiano 19 metres Galleria n. 49.JPG
50 Cav. Vittorio Veneto 27 metres Galleria n. 50.JPG
51 Plotone minatori sardo 66 metres Galleria n. 51.JPG
52 Sardegna 86 metres Galleria n. 52.JPG

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Cartography[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Claudio Gattera (2007). Gino Rossato Editore, ed. Il pasubio e la strada delle 52 gallerie (in Italian). ISBN 978-88-8130-017-4. 

External links[edit]