Straight River (southern Minnesota)

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This article is about the tributary of the Cannon River in southern Minnesota. For the river in north-central Minnesota, see Straight River (central Minnesota). For other uses, see Straight River (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 44°18′36″N 93°16′13″W / 44.31000°N 93.27028°W / 44.31000; -93.27028
Straight River (Wakpá Owóthaŋna)
River
Straight River Owatonna.jpg
The Straight River in Owatonna in 2007
Country United States
State Minnesota
Source
 - location Geneva Township, Freeborn County
 - elevation 1,214 ft (370 m) [1]
 - coordinates 43°49′58″N 93°15′46″W / 43.83278°N 93.26278°W / 43.83278; -93.26278 [2]
Mouth Cannon River
 - location Faribault Township, Rice County
 - elevation 958 ft (292 m) [1]
 - coordinates 44°18′36″N 93°16′13″W / 44.31000°N 93.27028°W / 44.31000; -93.27028 [2]
Length 55.6 mi (89 km) [3]
Basin 450 sq mi (1,165 km2) [4]
Discharge for near Faribault
 - average 293 cu ft/s (8 m3/s) [4]
 - max 6,080 cu ft/s (172 m3/s)
 - min 10 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
Location of the mouth of the Straight River in Faribault, Minnesota

The Straight River is a tributary of the Cannon River, 55.6 miles (89.5 km) long,[3] in southeastern Minnesota in the United States. Via the Cannon River, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of approximately 450 square miles (1,200 km2) in an agricultural region.

Its name is a translation of Wakpá Owóthaŋna, the Dakota name for the river. Despite its name, the river flows in a winding course, though its valley is fairly straight.[5] The river provided hydropower for flour milling operations in the 19th century.[6]

Geography[edit]

The source of the Straight River is considered to be just north of Geneva in Geneva Township in northern Freeborn County,[2][1] though its headwaters have been altered by the construction of agricultural ditches. The river flows northward through Steele County into southern Rice County, passing through the cities of Owatonna and Medford, to its mouth at the Cannon River in Faribault.[7]

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources has identified the Straight River as a route for canoeing. The river flows generally through farmland; its narrow riparian corridor is wooded, predominantly by elm, willow, poplar and maple. Its course is characterized by occasional riffles, with one section of rapids in Clinton Falls Township in northern Steele County. Fish species in the river include northern pike, crappie, smallmouth bass and carp.[6][7]

Chief tributaries of the Straight River include Turtle Creek in central Steele County, Maple Creek, which rises from Rice Lake in eastern Steele County and joins the Straight River in Owatonna, Crane Creek, rising in Waseca and flowing into the Straight River to the north of Owatonna, and Medford Creek.

Flow rate[edit]

At the United States Geological Survey's stream gauge upstream of Faribault, the annual mean flow of the river between 1966 and 2005 was 293 cubic feet per second (8 m³/s). The highest recorded flow during the period was 6,080 ft³/s (172 m³/s) on June 12, 2004. The lowest recorded flow was 10 ft³/s (0 m³/s) on October 27, 1976.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Earth per GNIS coordinates. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  2. ^ a b c "Geographic Names Information System entry for Straight River (Feature ID #652708)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed October 4, 2012
  4. ^ a b c Mitton, G. B.; K. G. Guttormson; G. W. Stratton; E. S. Wakeman. "Water Resources Data in Minnesota, Water Year 2005 Annual Report.". United States Geological Survey. pp. Straight River near Park Rapids, MN. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 
  5. ^ Upham, Warren. "Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia.". Minnesota Historical Society. pp. Steele County. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 
  6. ^ a b "Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Canoeing: Straight River". Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-17. 
  7. ^ a b Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1994. pp. 24, 33. ISBN 0-89933-222-6.