Strait Island is a small island of 6.01 km² located 5.5 km east of Baratang Island, Great Andaman, in the Diligent Strait that separates Great Andaman from Ritchie's Archipelago. The population at the 2001 census was 42 (of which 28 were male), living in 15 households. Strait is a small, comma-shaped, and forested island, known for its caves of birds' nests and plentiful deer (though they are now rare). The settlement for the Great Andamanese, one of the indigenous people of the Andaman Islands, was built and is managed by the Andaman administration.
The Andamanese settlement was constructed like a model village in India. The Great Andamanese settlement was constructed with concrete houses in rows. The other half is occupied by welfare personnel and police quarters. There is a school for children and a small dispensary for primary health care. All around the houses are coconut palms, tamarind, and mango trees.
- Awaradi, S.A. 1990. Computerized Master Plan 1991-2021 for Welfare of Primitive Tribes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Administration, Port Blair.
- Abbi, A. 2006. Endangered Languages of Andaman Islands. Muenchen: Lincom GmbH
Manoharan, S. 1989. A Descriptive and Comparative Study of the Andamanese Language. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India