Strand, Western Cape

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Strand
An aerial view of Strand with the Coast Road and Strand Golf Club in the foreground.
An aerial view of Strand with the Coast Road and Strand Golf Club in the foreground.
Strand is located in South Africa
Strand
Strand
 Strand shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 34°07′00″S 18°49′00″E / 34.11667°S 18.81667°E / -34.11667; 18.81667Coordinates: 34°07′00″S 18°49′00″E / 34.11667°S 18.81667°E / -34.11667; 18.81667
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
Municipality City of Cape Town
Established 1714
Area[1]
 • Total 21.36 km2 (8.25 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 55,558
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 11.6%
 • Coloured 51.1%
 • Indian/Asian 1.0%
 • White 34.2%
 • Other 2.1%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 77.2%
 • English 14.3%
 • Xhosa 2.2%
 • Other 6.3%
Postal code (street) 7140
PO box 7139
Area code +27 (0)21
Strand's beach front.

Strand (Afrikaans for 'beach') is a seaside resort situated on the eastern edge of False Bay and at the foot of the Hottentots Holland Mountains. Its geographical position is between Macassar and Gordon's Bay, and is about 50 km southeast of Cape Town. Strand is in the Western Cape province of South Africa, and has a population of approximately 50,000.[2] Strand's main attraction is the beach; 5 km of white sandy beach off False Bay.

Strand is often referred to as The Strand (Afrikaans: Die Strand), which is the old name of the town.

History[edit]

Strand was established as a holiday and fishing resort in 1714.[3] In 1970, during the notorious Apartheid era, all black, coloured and Asian people were forcefully removed when the town was classified as a white-only resort.[citation needed] Included in the communities forced to leave at this time were the descendants of Cape Malay slaves, who had escaped from Cape Town over 100 years earlier.[4] They lost their homes, but their mosque still stands today.

Strand falls under the City of Cape Town municipality. It is in close proximity to the inland town of Somerset West. Recent expansion and development of both towns has resulted in the two now being adjacent to each other, with shopping malls and residential complexes creating the connections. The unofficial divide between the two towns is the national road which bisects them, the N2. Strand forms part of the Helderberg Basin, along with Somerset West and Gordon's Bay.

Strand offers white-sanded beaches and views of the Cape Peninsula. During the summer, tourists from other parts of South Africa, including Johannesburg, and abroad, come to enjoy the seaside offerings. Tourism has been a major source of local income since 1950,[citation needed] when the town was popular with visitors from the north of the country, and was home to many retired veterans of the Boer War. There is a train service from Strand to the CBD of Cape Town. The great coastal road that makes its way up the eastern seaboard of the Cape rises to the coastal ranges from near Strand.

Strand also used to accommodate one of the largest dynamite factories in South Africa, owned by the AECI group. This area is being redeveloped into a large new mixed-use urban development, Paardevlei and current tenants include Cheetah Outreach.

Tourism[edit]

The main beach in the Strand, Melkbaai Beach, is known as one of the best and safest bathing areas in the country.[citation needed] Facilities on or nearby this beach include Waterworld with a super tube and mini-golf and Harmony Park which includes a tidal pool. Water sports may be conducted from various points along the beachfront.

Strand has a wide variety of organised sport including a golf course, tennis courts, rugby fields, squash clubs, jukskei, and water sports like surfing, sailing, power boating, paddle skiing and board sailing. The Pipe is a part of the beach marked off for surfers and is known for its big, "surfable" waves.

Strand also has an Olympic-sized indoor pool which is centrally heated and is open all year round. The coast between the Lourens River mouth and up to Rooi Els is popular with beach fishermen and rock anglers.

Surfing[edit]

Aerial view of Strand on False Bay's shore, with the Hottentots-Holland, Steenbras Dam and Kogelberg beyond
Sandy beach with tidal pool along the Beach Road in Strand with Gordon's Bay and the Hottentots Holland Mountains in the background
A low altitude aerial view of the Strand Beachfront.

Surfing is a popular water sport in Strand, despite the possibility of sharks. These spots are reportedly much easier and safer to surf than other offshore surf spots on the Atlantic Ocean side of the Cape Peninsula, owing to the protection that False Bay offers.

Central Business District[edit]

The town has a business district attracting customers from the surrounding basin. The CBD offers banks, numerous shopping malls, restaurants, and supermarkets. The Friedman & Cohen is the largest single shop in the CBD and serves as a major attraction for residents and visitors. The major shopping malls in the area include the Dorpsmeent Centre,Somerset Mall. The latter is not in the CBD, but outside the town, on the border of Somerset West.

Strand's central business district is entirely surrounded by Strand North and Strand South. Strand Beach Road is divided into three sections - the Golden Mile (also known as Melkbaai) is located between Lourens River and Hibernian Towers (cnr/o Beach Road and Sarel Cilliers Road), the central part of Beach Road stretches between Sarel Cilliers Road and the Pavilion complex, whilst the Platinum Mile is located along Blakes Beach and between Odeon Towers and the Ocean View Hotel.

Industrialism[edit]

Strand has its own industrial area, Gants Centre. More recently, Gants Centre has increasingly been accommodating non-industrial businesses, including the local newspaper, the District Mail / Districspos. These industrial companies are in turn gradually relocating to the areas surrounding the former dynamite sites outside the town, towards Somerset West.

In winter there is a low inversion layer covering the town, resulting in some degree of pollution. This is rarely seen, however, because of the prevalent winds that keep Strand's skies clean.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

The town has primary, secondary and tertiary education facilities, and many ECD facilities of varying quality. As of 2007, there are 19 public and private schools.

Primary schools

High schools

Tertiary institutions

List of suburbs[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Strand". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ "Strand". Southern Africa Places. Retrieved 2006-10-15. 
  3. ^ "Strand". Southern Africa Places. Retrieved 2006-10-10. 
  4. ^ "SA History". South African History Online. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 

External links[edit]