Strand Fiord Formation
|Strand Fiord Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Cretaceous
|Overlies||Bastion Ridge Formation|
|Named for||Strand Fiord|
|Named by||Souther, 1963|
The Strand Fiord Formation is a Late Cretaceous volcanic component, located on northwestern and west-central Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut, Canada. The formation contains flood basalts which are found on western Axel Heiberg Island at Dragon Cliffs 300 m (984 ft) tall.
The Strand Fiord Formation contains columnar jointing units that are usually 1 m (3 ft) to 3 m (10 ft) in diameter. The formation is interpreted to represent the cratonward extension of the Alpha Ridge, a volcanic ridge that was active during the formation of the Amerasian Basin. The Strand Fiord Formation is also part of the High Arctic Large Igneous Province.
- Volcanism of Canada
- Volcanism of Northern Canada
- List of volcanoes in Canada
- Ellesmere Island Volcanics
- Lexicon of Canadian Geological Units. Strand Fiord Formation
- Volcanic style in the Strand Fiord Formation (Upper Cretaceous), Axel Heiberg Island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago Retrieved on 2007-08-15
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