Strand Fiord Formation

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Strand Fiord Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Cretaceous
Dragon Cliffs, Nunavut.jpg
Type Geological formation
Underlies Kanguk Formation
Overlies Bastion Ridge Formation
Lithology
Primary Sill
Other Pyroclastic flow
Location
Coordinates 79°13′52″N 91°52′08″W / 79.231°N 91.869°W / 79.231; -91.869 (Strand Fiord Formation)
Region  Nunavut
Country  Canada
Type section
Named for Strand Fiord
Named by Souther, 1963[1]

The Strand Fiord Formation is a Late Cretaceous volcanic component, located on northwestern and west-central Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut, Canada. The formation contains flood basalts which are found on western Axel Heiberg Island at Dragon Cliffs 300 m (984 ft) tall.

The Strand Fiord Formation contains columnar jointing units that are usually 1 m (3 ft) to 3 m (10 ft) in diameter. The formation is interpreted to represent the cratonward extension of the Alpha Ridge, a volcanic ridge that was active during the formation of the Amerasian Basin.[2] The Strand Fiord Formation is also part of the High Arctic Large Igneous Province.

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