Strange nonchaotic attractor

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In mathematics, a strange nonchaotic attractor (SNA) is a form of attractor, which while converging to a limit, is strange, because it is not piecewise differentiable, and also non-chaotic, in that its Lyapunov exponents are non-positive.[1] SNAs were introduced as a topic of study by Grebogi et al. in 1984.[1][2] SNAs can be distinguished from periodic, quasiperiodic and chaotic attractors using the 0-1 test for chaos.[3]

Periodically driven damped nonlinear systems can exhibit complex dynamics characterized by strange chaotic attractors, where strange refers to the fractal geometry of the attractor and chaotic refers to the exponential sensitivity of orbits on the attractor. Quasiperiodically driven systems forced by incommensurate frequencies are natural extensions of periodically driven ones and are phenomenologically richer. In addition to periodic or quasiperiodic motion, they can exhibit chaotic or nonchaotic motion on strange attractors. Although quasiperiodic forcing is not necessary for strange nonchaotic dynamics, the first experiment to demonstrate a strange nonchaotic attractor involved the buckling of a magnetoelastic ribbon driven quasiperiodically by two incommensurate frequencies in the golden ratio. [4] Strange nonchaotic attractors have been observed in laboratory experiments involving magnetoelastic ribbons, electrochemical cells, electronic circuits, a neon glow discharge and most recently detected in the dynamics of the pulsating RR Lyrae variables KIC 5520878 (as obtained from the Kepler Space Telescope) which may be the first strange nonchaotic dynamical system observed in the wild. [5][6][7][8]

Delay Coordinate Embedding Attractor Reconstruction of the strange nonchaotic dynamics of the pulsating star KIC 5520878



References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lluís Alsedà (March 8, 2007). "On the definition of Strange Nonchaotic Attractor". Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  2. ^ C. Grebogi, E. Ott, S. Pelikan, and J. A. Yorke. Strange attractors that are not chaotic. Phys. D, 13(1-2):261–268, 1984.
  3. ^ Gopal, R.; Venkatesan, A.; Lakshmanan, M. (2013). "Applicability of 0-1 Test for Strange Nonchaotic Attractors". arXiv:1303.0169 [nlin.CD].
  4. ^ Ditto, W. L. and Spano, M. L. and Savage, H. T. and Rauseo, S. N. and Heagy, J. and Ott, E, Experimental observation of a strange non chaotic attractor, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65 (5), (1990).
  5. ^ Lindner, John F. and Kohar, Vivek and Kia, Behnam and Hippke, Michael and Learned, John G. and Ditto, William L., Strange Nonchaotic Stars, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 054101 (2015).
  6. ^ "Applied Chaos Laboratory". http://appliedchaoslab.phys.hawaii.edu. 
  7. ^ "Strange Stars Pulsate According to the "Golden Ratio"". http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/strange-stars-pulsate-according-to-the-golden-ratio/. Scientific American. 
  8. ^ "Stars That Act Irrational". http://physics.aps.org/synopsis-for/10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.054101.