Strasburg, Virginia

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Strasburg, Virginia
Town
Strasburg Theater
Strasburg Theater
Flag of Strasburg, Virginia
Flag
Official seal of Strasburg, Virginia
Seal
Nickname(s): Pot Town[1]
Strasburg, Virginia is located in Virginia
Strasburg, Virginia
Strasburg, Virginia
Location of Strasburg in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°59′26″N 78°21′31″W / 38.99056°N 78.35861°W / 38.99056; -78.35861Coordinates: 38°59′26″N 78°21′31″W / 38.99056°N 78.35861°W / 38.99056; -78.35861
Country United States
State Virginia
County Shenandoah
Founded 1761
Incorporated 1871
Founded by Peter Stover
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Timothy Taylor
 • Manager Judson J. Rex
 • Council
Area
 • Total 3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
 • Land 3.2 sq mi (8.2 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 578 ft (176 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,398
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code 22657
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-76000[2]
GNIS feature ID 1487663[3]
Website www.strasburgva.com

Strasburg /ˈstrɑːzbərɡ/ is a town in Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States, which was founded in 1761 by Peter Stover. It is the largest town by population in the county and is known for its pottery, antiques, and Civil War history.[4] The population was 6,398 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Early settlers[edit]

German-speaking Pennsylvanians were among the first non-native settlers to arrive in the northern Shenandoah Valley and Strasburg area. The luscious greenery and fertile land were prime targets for immigrant farmers. On August 21, 1734 speculator Henry Willis was granted 2,030 acres (8.2 km2) total of this land by William Gooch, Virginia's Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief.[5] Gooch wished to settle the valley to create a buffer between Native American tribes and the rest of the Virginia colony. During the summer of 1735, Willis sold his entire property to Jacob Funk. Jacob in return, partitioned his new purchase, reselling a part of it to his brother John.[6][7]

Founder[edit]

Peter Stover (Petrus Stauffer) is considered the founder of the town of Strasburg. Stover was born in 1715 to a German-Swiss father, Christian Stauffer I., in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.[8] Stauffer took his family to America in 1718, to gain religious freedom, and settled in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania where he would live out his entire life.

His son Peter migrated south to Virginia by 1730 and to the Shenandoah Valley as early as 1739. On May 2, 1749 Stover purchased 483 acres (1.95 km2) of land from Jacob Funk, his future father-in-law.[9] The purchase was divided into smaller plots for sale to other settlers[10] and a village was informally established.

Stover applied for a town charter in November 1761 giving the town the official name of Strasburg.[11] The name was taken from Strasbourg, the capital of Alsace, France. Some called the area Staufferstadt, the German name for Stoverstown. Ten trustees were named; William Miller, Matthew Harrison, Jacob Bowman, Valentine Smith, Charles Buck, Peter Stover, Isaac Hite, Leonard Batice, John Funk, and Philip Huffman (Hoffman).[12]

Peter eventually married Frainey Funk, before he died August 13, 1799 at the age of 84.[13] He was survived by eight children.[9] Being a philanthropist for most of his life, Stover's will left land and $10,000 to the community to establish schools.[14] A monument resides in Strasburg's Riverview Cemetery honoring Peter Stover, but the whereabouts of his grave is unknown.

Recent Growth[edit]

Strasburg has experienced rapid growth along its northern corridor due to the fact that Washington D.C. is approximately 80 miles away. Strasburg is expecting an increase in population growth for the next few years to come.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Strasburg is located at 38°59′26″N 78°21′31″W / 38.990550°N 78.358615°W / 38.990550; -78.358615 (38.990550, −78.358615)[15] in the northern end of the Shenandoah Valley. The area is surrounded by the natural boundaries of the Massanutten and Allegheny mountains, as well as the Shenandoah River. Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park is located in and around Strasburg.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.2 km2), of which, 3.2 square miles (8.2 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) of it (0.63%) is water. The elevation of the area is 578 ft (176 m).

Culture[edit]

Museums[edit]

The most heralded museum in Strasburg is the Strasburg Museum. The building was once home to the Strasburg Stone and Earthenware Manufacturing Company and later was converted to a Southern Railway depot. It operated in this manner until the early 1960s. In 1970 it opened as a museum.[16]

The now closed Stonewall Jackson Museum at Hupp's Hill was redeveloped by the Cedar Creek Battlefield Foundation and reopened on May 7, 2011 as the Hupp's Hill Civil War Park.[17]

Former attractions include the Jeane Dixon Museum and Library and the Museum of American Presidents.

Sports teams[edit]

In June 2011, Strasburg welcomed their first Valley Baseball League team called "The Strasburg Express."[18]

Tourism[edit]

Strasburg holds two festivals each year; a Mayfest celebration and an Oktoberfest. The town's Mayfest traditionally begins on a Friday evening in May and includes carnival rides, a fireman's parade, and craft vendors. To celebrate the area's German roots, an Oktoberfest takes place each autumn. This event includes concessions with traditional beverages and food, activities for children and adults, music, and street dancing.

The Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove, Hupp House, Strasburg Historic District, Strasburg Museum, Mount Pleasant, and Stoner-Keller House and Mill are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[19][20]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,017 people, 1,773 households, and 1,086 families residing in the town, making it the largest population center in Shenandoah County. The population density was 1,275.5 people per square mile (492.4/km2). There were 1,877 housing units at an average density of 596.0 per square mile (230.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.63% White, 4.48% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population.

There were 1,773 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,724, and the median income for a family was $40,978. Males had a median income of $29,750 versus $21,755 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,697. About 5.3% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Students living in the northern third of Shenandoah County attend one of three public schools located near Strasburg. Kindergarten through fifth grade students attend Sandy Hook Elementary School, while sixth through eighth graders attend Signal Knob Middle School. Located within the town limits, Strasburg High School serves ninth through twelfth graders.

The schools are administrated by the Shenandoah County Public School system, which is located in Woodstock, and the Virginia Department of Education, which is located in Richmond.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Preserve America Community". PreserveAmerica.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "About the Town/History – Town of Strasburg". Town of Strasburg. Retrieved July 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Isaac and John Vanmetre Land Grant assignees, 1730/1734". RootsWeb.com. Retrieved April 20, 2007. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Shenandoah Valley, VA – Early Strasburg Families". Ann Brown. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  7. ^ "BARD/BEARD in Shenandoah County, Virginia". Robert W. Baird. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Shenandoah Ancestors Online". Alley Blackford. Archived from the original on November 14, 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  9. ^ a b "Christian Stover". Trekking Stover Counsins Webpage. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  10. ^ "IM206: Jacob STOVER (ABOUT 1685 – March 1741)". The Cockrill Family of Sonoma County. Archived from the original on January 27, 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  11. ^ "Frontier Fort – The Old Hupp Homestead Marker". HMdb.org. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  12. ^ "RootsWeb: WVPIONEERS-L WVPioneers German Element – Chapter 6 – Part 1". RootsWeb.com. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  13. ^ "The Ancestors/Family Tree of Kim Denny". Kim Denny. Retrieved April 20, 2007. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Tour 5 from A Guide to the Old Dominion". University of Virginia American Studies Program. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "Strasburg Museum, Strasburg, Virginia". Calvin Sonner. Retrieved October 5, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Civil War park, museum to open Saturday". The Northern Virginia Daily. Retrieved November 29, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Strasburg Express > About us". Strasburg Express. Retrieved November 29, 2012. 
  19. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  20. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 8/15/11 through 8/19/11. National Park Service. 2011-08-26. 

External links[edit]