Strasburg Road was an early road in Pennsylvania connecting Philadelphia to Strasburg in Lancaster County. The route was surveyed by John Sellers and others in 1772-3 under the colonial administration of Governor Richard Penn and completed under the new administration of the independent state of Pennsylvania. The route started at the "second ferry" on the Schuylkill River, today's Market Street in Philadelphia, and went through West Chester, East Fallowfield Township, and Gap, before ending in Strasburg. Earlier roads travelled much the same route, including a Native American path in use as early as 1620.
A road following much of the same route had existed at least since the 1750s, but the area around the road only began to develop as the state constructed, or re-constructed, the road in the 1790s.
A Native American path, known as the Great Minquas Path went through much of the same area as early as 1620. Confusingly, there were several branches of this path, and it and some other early roads are also called the Conestoga Path or Conestoga Road. From the Susquehannock village near the confluence of the Susquehanna and Conestoga Rivers the path travelled east to European traders and early settlers on the Delaware River. The path went east from the Conestoga to the area of the present day town of Willow Street, then Strasburg, and Gap, then entered present day Chester County. There it continued east via Atglen, Parkesburg, Mortonville, and West Chester, crossed into Delaware County and there led through Lima and Rose Valley, where it could go south to Chester or east to Darby, and finally to Philadelphia. Parts of Pennsylvania Route 741 follow the path in Lancaster County, and parts of Pennsylvania Route 162 follow the path in Chester County. These modern roads are generally named "Strasburg Road" and are connected by smaller roads carrying street signs of "Strasburg Road" or "West Strasburg Road."
East of West Chester, the Minquas Path travelled well south of Pennsylvania Route 3, the West Chester Pike, which today carries traffic between Market Street in Philadelphia and Market Street in West Chester. The name Strasburg Road is not used today east of West Chester except for a short stretch of road which branches off of the West Chester Pike going east, named "East Strasburg Road". After about a mile, this road becomes Goshen Road, which goes east to Newtown Square.
Due to the commercial use of Strasburg Road during the Colonial and Early Federal periods, at least twenty-three buildings or historic districts along the road have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Chester County. From east to west, these are:
- West Chester Downtown Historic District includes Market Street, with a dozen individually listed buildings nearby
- Taylor-Cope Historic District
- Cope's Bridge
- Taylor House
- Marshallton Historic District
- Marshallton Inn
- Humphry Marshall House
- Baily Farm
- Mortonville Hotel
- Bridge in East Fallowfield Township
- Mortonville Bridge
- Rev. Joshua Vaughan House
- White Horse Tavern
- Robert Young House
- Drovers Inn
- Robert Wilson House
- Isaac Pawling House
- Harry DeHaven House
- Asa Walton House
- Philip Dougherty Tavern
- Philip Dougherty House
- Parkesburg National Bank
- Parkesburg School
In Lancaster County
- the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania , which contains 25 NRHP listed locomotives and train cars, and
- Strasburg Historic District
are located on Strasburg Road.
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- Futhey, John Smith (1881). History of Chester County, Pennsylvania: with genealogical and biographical sketches, Volume 2. p. 782., p.719
- Harris, Alexander (1872). A biographical history of Lancaster County ...:. E. Barr & Co. p. 638.
- Smith, George (1862). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania: from the discovery .... Media, PA: H.B. Ashmead. p. 581.
- Harris, pp. 212, 367
- A Brief History of West Bradford Township
- Strasburg History Amish Country News
- History of Strasburg Borough Lancaster County
- The Great Minquas Path Explorepahistory.com
- Map of the Great Minquas Path Explorepahistory.com
- Wallace, Paul A.W. (1987). Indian Paths of Pennsylvania (Fourth Printing ed.). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. pp. 64–65. ISBN 0-89271-090-X. "(Note: ISBN refers to 1998 impression.)"
- Jane Davidson, 1985, National Register of Historic Places - Nomination for Strasburg Road Thematic Group
- MacElree, Wilmer W. (1906). Down the Eastern and Up the Black Brandywine. F.S. Hickman. pp. 144–149.