Stratford-on-Avon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stratford-on-Avon
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Stratford-on-Avon in Warwickshire.
Outline map
Location of Warwickshire within England.
County Warwickshire
Electorate 69,108 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Nadhim Zahawi (Conservative)
Number of members One
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Created from South Warwickshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Stratford-on-Avon is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Nadhim Zahawi, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consists of relatively widely spaced rural villages, inhabited largely by commuters,[2] with boundaries almost taking in all of the Stratford-on-Avon local government district.

Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies[edit]

At the 2010 general election, following the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, it was reduced in size: a new constituency of Kenilworth and Southam was created, taking in much of the eastern half of the previous version of this constituency, along with parts of the abolished seat of Rugby and Kenilworth.

The seat has electoral wards:

  • Alcester, Aston Cantlow, Bardon, Bidford and Salford, Brailes, Claverdon, Ettington, Henley, Kinwarton, Long Compton, Quinton, Sambourne, Shipston, Snitterfield, Stratford: Alveston, Avenue and New Town, Guild and Hathaway, and Mount Pleasant wards, Studley, Tanworth, Tredington, Vale of the Red Horse, and Welford[3]

History[edit]

Since its recreation in 1950, the seat has elected only Conservatives. The earliest member was noted for his personal life scandal, John Profumo and one member for two years served on the benches of the Labour Party, choosing to cross the floor.

Political history

The Liberal Democrats have amassed the second largest share of the vote since 1992. The majority obtained in 2010 by Nadhim Zahawi was an absolute majority, with 51% of the vote and the largest since 1992. However with the Labour vote down to 9.5%, this has also been the smallest majority since that date of 11,346 votes.

No minor parties have broken the keep-deposit threshold of 5% of the vote.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat includes the historic town itself, as with Warwick, a major place in England for international tourism with its buildings, museums and Royal Shakespeare Company theatre, surrounded by green belt villages southeast of Birmingham, with the next largest wards being Studley and Alcester each with just under 5,000 electors.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.4% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 Lord William Compton Liberal
1886 Frederick Townsend Conservative
1892 Algernon Freeman-Mitford Conservative
1895 Victor Milward Conservative
1901 by-election Philip Staveley Foster Conservative
1906 Thomas Malcolm Harvey Kincaid-Smith Liberal
1909 by-election Philip Staveley Foster Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished

MPs since 1950[edit]

Election Member[5] Party Notes
1950 John Profumo Conservative Secretary of State for War 1960–63; resigned
1963 by-election Angus Maude Conservative
1983 Alan Howarth Conservative
1995 Labour
1997 John Maples Conservative Previously MP for Lewisham West 1983–92
2010 Nadhim Zahawi Conservative

Elections[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2010 [6]
Turnout: 50,542 (72.7%) +3.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,346 (22.4%) +1.5
Swing: 0.7% from Lib Dem to Con
Nadhim Zahawi Conservative 26,052 51.5 +2.3
Martin Turner Liberal Democrat 14,706 29.1 +0.8
Robert Johnston Labour 4,809 9.5 -5.9
Brett Parsons UKIP 1,846 3.7 +0.9
George Jones BNP 1,097 2.2 N/A
Neil Basnett Independent 1,032 2.0 N/A
Karen Varga Green 527 1.0 -1.3
Frederick Bishop English Democrats 473 0.9 N/A
General Election 2005 [7]
Turnout: 58,240 (68.8%) +4.4
Conservative hold
Majority: 12,184 (20.9%) -0.6
Swing: 0.3% from Con to Lib Dem
John Maples Conservative 28,652 49.2 -1.1
Susan Juned Liberal Democrat 16,468 28.3 -0.5
Rachel Blackmore Labour 10,145 17.4 +0.7
Harry Cottam UKIP 1,621 2.8 +0.6
Mick Davies Green 1,354 2.3 +0.2
General Election 2001 [8]
Turnout: 54,914 (64.4%) -11.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,802 (21.5%) +12.9
John Maples Conservative 27,606 50.3 +2.0
Mrs. Susan A. Juned Liberal Democrat 15,804 28.8 +3.2
Mushtaq Hussain Labour 9,164 16.7 -3.9
Ron A. Mole UKIP 1,184 2.2 +1.3
Mick E. Davies Green 1,156 2.1 N/A
General Election 1997 [9]
Turnout: 62,099 (76.3%) -5.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,106 (22.8%) -10.9
John Maples Conservative 29,967 48.3 -10.9
Mrs. Susan A. Juned Liberal Democrat 15,861 25.5 ±0
Stewart C. Stacey Labour 12,754 20.5 +7.4
Adrian K. Hilton Referendum Party 2,064 3.3 N/A
J.E.M. Spilsbury UKIP 556 0.9 N/A
James L. Brewster Natural Law 307 0.5 +0.3
Simon G. Marcus Stratford First Democratic Conservative 306 0.5 N/A
Mrs. Sarah A. Miller ProLife Alliance 284 0.5 N/A
General Election 1992 [10]
Turnout: 67,974 (82.1%) +5.6
Conservative hold
Majority: 22,892 (33.7%) −0.4
Swing: 0.2% from Con to Lib Dem
Alan Howarth Conservative 40,251 59.2 −2.7
JN Fogg Liberal Democrat 17,359 25.5 −2.3
Ms. SM Brookes Labour 8,932 13.1 +2.9
RG Roughan Green 729 1.1 N/A
AJ Saunders Independent Conservative 573 0.8 +0.8
MR Twite Natural Law 130 0.2 N/A
General Election 1987
Turnout: 76.46%
Conservative hold
Majority: 21,165 (34.06%)
Alan Howarth Conservative 38,483 61.93
DG Cowcher Liberal 17,318 27.87
RH Rhodes Labour 6,335 10.20
General Election 1983
Turnout: 72.92%
Conservative hold
Majority: 17,917 (32.05%)
Alan Howarth Conservative 34,041 60.90
WJB Taylor Liberal 16,124 28.85
Frank Hooley Labour 5,731 10.25
General Election 1979
Turnout: 76.67%
Conservative hold
Majority: 22,554 (38.41%)
Angus Maude Conservative 35,470 60.41
J Taylor Liberal 12,916 22.00
CA Purnell Labour 10,334 17.60
General Election October 1974
Turnout: 74.04%
Conservative hold
Majority: 12,568 (23.61%)
Angus Maude Conservative 27,123 50.96
MJW Wright Liberal 14,555 27.34
DV Hunt Labour 11,551 21.70
General Election February 1974
Turnout: 81.06%
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,221 (22.73%)
Angus Maude Conservative 30,106 51.77
M Wright Liberal 16,885 29.03
M Burton Labour 11,165 19.20
General Election 1970
Turnout: 74.08%
Conservative hold
Majority: 16,713 (34.54%)
Angus Maude Conservative 28,106 58.08
PE Tombs Labour 11,393 23.54
DR Bruce Liberal 8,895 18.38
General Election 1966
Turnout: 78.03%
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,427 (21.61%)
Angus Maude Conservative 22,381 51.30
VG Hale Labour 12,954 29.69
GH Herrinshaw Liberal 6,556 15.03
CG Clayton-Wright Independent Conservative 1,733 3.97
General Election 1964
Turnout: 83.07%
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,590 (24.52%)
Angus Maude Conservative 23,236 53.80
Andrew Faulds Labour 12,646 29.28
Derick Mirfin Liberal 7,307 16.92
Stratford By-election 1963
Turnout: 36,334
Conservative hold
Majority: 3,470 (9.55%) −27.47
Angus Maude Conservative 15,846 43.6 -24.9
Andrew Faulds Labour 12,376 34.1 +2.57
Derick Mirfin Liberal 7,622 21.0 N/A
M.S. Blair Independent 281 0.8 N/A
David Sutch Teenage Party 209 0.6 N/A
General Election 1959
Turnout: 76.85%
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,129 (37.02%)
John Profumo Conservative 26,146 68.51
J Stretton Labour 12,017 31.49
General Election 1955
Turnout: 75.58%
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,312 (37.12%)
John Profumo Conservative 24,587 68.56
TLK Locksley Labour 11,275 31.44
General Election 1951
Turnout: 79.90%
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,795 (28.95%)
John Profumo Conservative 24,041 64.48
H Hilditch Labour 13,246 35.52
General Election 1950
Turnout: 83.12%
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,349 (24.63%)
John Profumo Conservative 21,492 57.30
RGM Brown Labour 12,143 31.99
Hadleigh Sydney Seaborne Liberal 4,318 11.38

By-elections[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
Stratford By-election 1901[11]
Turnout: 7,732
Conservative hold
Majority: 1,778
Philip Staveley Foster Conservative 4,755 61.5
Bolton King Liberal 2,977 38.5
Stratford By-election 1909 Conservative gain from Liberal
Majority: 2,627
Philip Staveley Foster Conservative 5,374
Joseph Martin Liberal 2,747
Thomas Malcolm Harvey Kincaid-Smith Independent 479
Stratford By-election 1963
Turnout: 36,334
Conservative hold
Majority: 3,470 (9.55%) −27.47
Angus Maude Conservative 15,846 43.6 -24.9
Andrew Faulds Labour 12,376 34.1 +2.57
Derick Mirfin Liberal 7,622 21.0 N/A
M.S. Blair Independent 281 0.8 N/A
David Sutch Teenage Party 209 0.6 N/A

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  4. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ "UK > England > West Midlands > Stratford-on-Avon". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "News > Politics > Constituency > Stratford-on-Avon". Elections. The Guardian. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "News > Politics > Constituency > Stratford-on-Avon". Elections. The Guardian. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "News > Politics > Constituency > Stratford-on-Avon". Elections. The Guardian. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  11. ^ "Election intelligence" The Times (London). Thursday, 27 June 1901. (36492), p. 10.

Coordinates: 52°09′N 1°42′W / 52.15°N 1.70°W / 52.15; -1.70