Strathclyde Police

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Strathclyde Police
StrathclydePoliceBadge.PNG
Logo of the Strathclyde Police.
Motto Keeping People Safe (2009 - 2013)
Agency overview
Formed 1975 (merger)
Dissolved 1 April 2013
Superseding agency Police Scotland
Annual budget £638.96 Million (2009-2010)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* Police area of Argyll and Bute, City of Glasgow, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, West Dunbartonshire, UK
ScotlandPoliceStrathclyde.png
Map of Strathclyde Police's jurisdiction.
Size 13,624 km²
Population Approx 2.3 million
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn members 8110 full time police officers, 601 special constables (June 2011)
Unsworn members 2474 civilian police staff (June 2011)
Divisions 8
Facilities
Stations 115
Helicopters 1
Footnotes
* Police area agency: Prescribed geographic area in the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

Strathclyde Police was the territorial police force responsible for the Scottish council areas of Argyll and Bute, City of Glasgow, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire (The former Strathclyde local government region) between 1975 and 2013. The Police Authority contained members from each of these authorities.[1]

Strathclyde Police had the largest numbers of staff and served the largest population and the second largest area of the eight former Scottish police forces, after the Northern Constabulary.

An Act of the Scottish Parliament, the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012, created a single Police Service of Scotland—known as Police Scotland—with effect from 1 April 2013.[2] This act merged the eight regional police forces in Scotland (including Strathclyde Police), together with the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency, into a single service covering the whole of Scotland.[3]

The force was portrayed in the television series Taggart.

History[edit]

The force was created on 16 May 1975 as part of the restructuring of local government in Scotland. The police area matched the boundaries of the new Strathclyde Regional Council, which was broken up in 1996. It was formed from, either in whole or in part:[4]

Organisation[edit]

Strathclyde Police Headquarters at Pitt Street in Central Glasgow

The Force was commanded by a Chief Constable, who as of 2012 was supported by a Deputy Chief Constable (DCC) and 3 Assistant Chief Constables (ACC).

From 23 October 2007 until abolition, the Force was organised into 8 Territorial Divisions (designated A,B,G,K,L,N,Q & U Divisions), a Headquarters Division (H), a Support Services Division (V) and a Road Policing Division (T). The Territorial Divisions were commanded by a Chief Superintendent supported by 2 Superintendents who held various portfolios. These Divisions were further sub-divided into a number of Sub Divisions, which may have been further split into areas commanded by an Area Commander (A.C.) of Chief Inspector rank. There were 33 Area Commands within the Force.

Territorial Divisions[edit]

  • A Division – Glasgow Central and West
    • Glasgow Central
    • Glasgow West
    • Drumchapel
  • B Division – Glasgow North East and East Dunbartonshire
    • Baird Street
    • London Road
    • Maryhill and Saracen
    • Shettleston, Easterhouse and Baillieston
  • G Division – Glasgow South and East Renfrewshire
    • Cathcart
    • East Renfrewshire
    • Govan
    • New Gorbals
    • Pollok
  • K DivisionRenfrewshire and Inverclyde
    • Inverclyde
    • Johnstone and Renfrew
    • Paisley
  • L DivisionArgyll, Bute and West Dunbartonshire
    • Argyll and Bute
    • Clydebank, Dumbarton and Helensburgh
  • N DivisionNorth Lanarkshire
    • Bellshill
    • Cumbernauld and Kilsyth
    • Monklands
    • Motherwell and Wishaw
  • Q DivisionSouth Lanarkshire
    • Clydesdale
    • East Kilbride and Strathaven
    • Hamilton
    • Rutherglen and Cambuslang
  • U DivisionAyrshire
    • East Ayrshire
    • North Ayrshire
    • South Ayrshire

In 2005, Strathclyde Police established its groundbreaking Violence Reduction Unit (VRU).[5] The unit was set up to bring together communities and agencies to tackle the root causes of violence. The work of the VRU has now been extended throughout the whole of Scotland.

Uniform and Equipment[edit]

Police officers in Glasgow Green, Glasgow.

From the formation of Strathclyde Police in 1975, uniform was similar to the uniform previously used by the antecedent City of Glasgow Police. This was an open-necked tunic and trousers, white shirt and black tie. The tunic was abandoned in 1994 in favour of a woollen NATO-style pullover. Headgear consisted of a peaked cap for males or a round reinforced bowler style for females. Both types of hat featured Sillitoe Tartan design and the standard Scottish Police cap badge in metal for Constables and Sergeants or embroidered for Inspectors and above. The caps of the Roads Policing Unit also had a white cover. Footwear was not prescribed except for those in a few specialist roles such as Public Order.

A trial uniform was introduced in February 2002; a light blue shirt worn with or without a tie with body armour worn on top. Cargo trousers and fleeces were introduced at this time.

This uniform proved unpopular and was changed again in 2003, replacing shirts and ties altogether with a black short sleeved Under Armour-style 'wicking' T-shirt with 'POLICE' (or 'STRATHCLYDE POLICE' on older shirts) displayed in white on both sleeves. Headgear and epaulettes showing Divisional identifier number and rank insignia were unchanged from previous uniforms. Cargo trousers continued to be issued until 2008, after which trousers came without cargo pockets due to the introduction of new body armour with pockets.

A stab vest was worn over the T-shirt top on all operational duties. These featured blue and white chequered reflective bands across the front and back, force insignia sewn on the left breast, and a blue and white reflective (or occasionally black and white embroidered) 'POLICE' patch sewn onto the back. There were several attachments for handcuffs and other equipment. A black fleece was worn over body armour before November 2009, and subsequently underneath. There is also a fluorescent 'bomber style' jacket with similar reflective markings to the stab vests, which they were normally worn over. Also issued were black waterproof trousers and black (Constables and Sergeants) or brown (Inspectors and above) leather gloves.

Personal equipment consisted of a Police duty belt holding handcuffs (Hiatts Speedcuffs or TCH-840 Rigid Handcuffs), a 21" Autolock baton with a Hindi cap (Support Unit officers were supplied with the longer 26" Autolock batons) and CS Spray. Also carried were a small first aid kit, torch, leg restraints, keys, utility pouch etc. Motorola MTH800 radios were issued to officers when on duty.

This style of uniform was later adopted by all police forces in Scotland, with slight insignia variations, and subsequently by Police Scotland.

The Strathclyde Police Air Support Unit operated Scotland's only police helicopter; a Eurocopter EC 135T2+ (G-SPAO) based at the Glasgow City Heliport. This helicopter was painted in PSDB highly conspicuous colours of dark blue and yellow. The aircraft was supplied on a contract basis by Bond Air Services.

Headquarters[edit]

The Strathclyde Police Headquarters were located at Pitt Street in Blythswood Hill, Glasgow. The building was originally erected in 1934 as Glasgow and West of Scotland Commercial College, later the Scottish College of Commerce. In 1964 the Scottish College of Commerce combined with the Royal College of Science and Technology to form the University of Strathclyde. There were plans in place before dissolution to relocate the HQ to South Dalmarnock on the outskirts of Glasgow.

Achievements[edit]

Between 2009 and 2010, Strathclyde Police focussed their resources on certain strategic areas:

Violence, Disorder and Antisocial Behaviour (including Domestic abuse)

Murder reduced by 26%, attempted murder reduced by 15% and 45,000 fixed penalty notices for disorder were issued.

Serious and Organised Crime

134 members of serious organised crime groups were arrested, 82 firearms were recovered and ₤294,955 was seized from organised crime groups.

Drugs

15,000 drug seizures of Class A and B drugs took place and 2,500kg worth of drugs including amphetamines, cocaine and heroin were seized and destroyed.

Terrorism

The UK as a whole remains at a heightened state of alert with regards to terrorism following continuing threats from terrorist groups Al-Qaida, dissident IRA groups and domestic extremist groups. Strathclyde Police dealt with a terrorist incident in 2007 at Glasgow Airport which resulted in five members of the public being injured and the perpetrator himself dying later at hospital.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statutory Instrument 1995 No. 2642 Strathclyde Combined Police Area Amalgamation Scheme 1995
  2. ^ STV News, 30 October 2012
  3. ^ "Police and fire service merger 'would save £1.7bn'". stv.tv. 17 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Donnelly, Daniel (2010). Policing Scotland. Oxon: Willan Publishing. pp. 65–67. ISBN 978-1-84392-938-3. 
  5. ^ Action on Violence:About Us http://www.actiononviolence.co.uk/aov/48.81.39.html